Entanglement Spectroscopy and its application to the fractional quantum Hall phases
We will show how much information is encoded within the ground state and how different partitions probe different types of excitations. The entanglement spectroscopy, initially introduced by Li and Haldane in the context of the fractional quantum Hall effects, has stimulated an extensive range of studies. The entanglement spectrum is the spectrum of the reduced density matrix, when we partition the system into two. For many quantum systems, it unveils a unique feature: Computed from the bulk ground state wave function, the entanglement spectrum give access to the physics of edge excitations.