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# Episode Title Description People Date
401 FMR 50 - The compound effects of conflict and disaster displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina Some IDPs living in protracted displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina, such as many Roma IDPs, were especially vulnerable to the effects of the May 2014 flooding and landslides. Wesli H Turner 01 Sep 2015
402 FMR 50 - Prijedor: re-imagining the future Public memorialisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina today is an act of remembering not just those who died in the conflict but also the multi-ethnic reality of earlier times. Articulation of this, however, is being obstructed in cities like Prijedor. Damir Mitrić, Sudbin Musić 01 Sep 2015
403 FMR 50 - Mass evacuations: learning from the past Twenty years after the evacuations from the Bosnian ‘safe areas’, humanitarians continue to struggle with dilemmas around humanitarian evacuations. Caelin Briggs 01 Sep 2015
404 FMR 50 - Bosnia revisited: a retrospective on the legacy of the conflict It is instructive to review the legacy the conflict in Bosnia and the post-war settlement in order to appreciate how this conflict set the stage for major institutional developments in the field of humanitarian protection. Brad K Blitz 01 Sep 2015
405 FMR 50 General - Inconsistency in asylum appeal adjudication New research findings indicate that factors such as the gender of the judge and of the appellant, and where the appellant lives, are influencing asylum appeal adjudication. Nick Gill, Rebecca Rotter, Andrew Burridge, Melanie Griffiths 01 Sep 2015
406 FMR 50 General - Sheltering displaced persons from sexual and gender-based violence Providing a variety of safe shelter types, each with its own unique strengths and limitations, within a single area could help meet the diverse and changing needs of survivors of sexual and gender-based violence. Julie Freccero 01 Sep 2015
407 FMR 50 General - Changing how we measure success in resettlement Refugees should be treated not as poor, traumatised foreigners but as strong and capable people who can be resources in their countries of resettlement. Justin S Lee, Suzie S Weng, Sarah Ivory 01 Sep 2015
408 FMR 50 General - Young Afghans facing return A project in the UK aiming to prepare young men for return to Afghanistan through an assisted voluntary return programme was unsuccessful. A different, longer-term approach might have been more appropriate and more effective. Kim Robinson, Lucy Williams 01 Sep 2015
409 FMR 50 General - A fragmented landscape of protection Changing concepts of protection and a growing diversity in the practice of protection and in the range of humanitarian and other actors doing protection work have led to a fragmentation of effective protection for forced migrants. Roger Zetter 01 Sep 2015
410 Creative Commons FMR 49 - From the Editors An introductory note on FMR 49, 'Disasters and displacement in a changing climate', from the Editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 18 Jun 2015
411 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Foreward In order to make progress on disasters, climate change and human mobility, it is essential to bring together different strands of the discussion to develop a comprehensive response that also anticipates future challenges associated with climate change. Børge Brende, Didier Burkhalter 18 Jun 2015
412 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts The Nansen Initiative consultative process has identified a toolbox of potential policy options to prevent, prepare for and respond to the challenges of cross-border displacement in disaster contexts, including the effects of climate change. Walter Kälin 18 Jun 2015
413 Creative Commons FMR 49 - National Adaptation Plans and human mobility In order to avoid displacement when possible, displacement and human mobility issues need to be better integrated within national and regional adaptation planning processes. Koko Warner, Walter Kälin, Susan Martin, Youssef Nassef 18 Jun 2015
414 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The state of the evidence Researchers have much to do, not only to understand climate- and disaster-induced migration but also to transmit their understanding for the use of policymakers and practitioners. Justin Ginnetti 18 Jun 2015
415 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru A movement of people is rarely explained by environmental or climatic factors alone. Therefore an analysis which does not take into consideration the cultural consequences of climate change for affected societies is incomplete. Geremia Cometti 18 Jun 2015
416 Creative Commons FMR 49 - An integrated focus The key to successfully addressing the challenges of environmental, climatic and natural disasters is integrating migration concerns – including displacement – into all climate change, disaster risk reduction and development policies and frameworks. William Lacy Swing 18 Jun 2015
417 Creative Commons FMR 49 - West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions West Africa has a very mobile population and high vulnerability to natural hazards. It also, however, has a number of regional cooperation agreements and may therefore be a useful testing ground for addressing cross-border disaster displacement. Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui, Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
418 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Development and displacement risks The impact of climate change induces systemic patterns of socio-economic erosion that also affect the dynamics of disaster displacement and that require parallel responses. Glaucia Boyer, Matthew McKinnon 18 Jun 2015
419 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Developing temporary protection in Africa Formalised temporary protection arrangements in Africa could significantly improve access to territory and human rights for people displaced across borders by disasters. Such arrangements must adhere to states’ existing protection obligations. Tamara Wood 18 Jun 2015
420 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Oman and Mongolia reflect the modern climatic and social challenges to mobile pastoral livelihoods. Dawn Chatty, Troy Sternberg 18 Jun 2015
421 FMR 49 - Guidance for ‘managed’ relocation The international community has been slow to develop climate change-specific instruments to guide the relocation process beyond those that relate to displacement generally. Brent Doberstein, Anne Tadgell 18 Jun 2015
422 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Preparing for planned relocation Preparing for planned relocation FMR 18 Jun 2015
423 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Placing contemporary deliberations about relocation within a longer historical and intellectual framework reveals unexpected connections and salutary lessons. Jane McAdam 18 Jun 2015
424 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Post-disaster resettlement programmes can be unsuitable and ineffective, often exacerbating the vulnerability of people to the effects of climate change. Gemma Sou 18 Jun 2015
425 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Global attention should place a primary focus on the application of best practice and the development of innovative initiatives to solve climate-related internal displacement, rather than on grappling with the far rarer movements of people across borders. Scott Leckie, Ezekiel Simperingham 18 Jun 2015
426 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Brazil’s draft law for environmental migrants Brazil is developing a long-term solution for filling a legislative gap affecting environmental migrants. Isabela Piacentini de Andrade 18 Jun 2015
427 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas There is a startling range of positive examples of national law, policy and practice all across the Americas that states have used to respond to the migratory consequences of disasters. David James Cantor 18 Jun 2015
428 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Predictable measures are needed to provide protection for people displaced across borders by disasters, where there is currently a gap. Volker Türk 18 Jun 2015
429 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Refugees, climate change and international law How can the category of ‘climate refugee’ be considered within international law in the 21st century? María José Fernández 18 Jun 2015
430 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Climate change mitigation policies and ‘green solutions’, such as biofuels, are also creating displacement. Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
431 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Statelessness and environmental displacement Stateless people and migrants are at greater risk of displacement and are less likely to receive assistance; in turn, environmental displacement (especially multiple migrations) heightens the risk of becoming stateless. Jessie Connell 18 Jun 2015
432 Creative Commons FMR 49 - A role for strategic litigation Strategic litigation to protect individuals at risk can usefully support higher-level protection initiatives. Matthew Scott 18 Jun 2015
433 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Residents’ strategies are generally aimed at either protection from or adaptation to flooding. Large-scale migration from the floodplains of rivers has not been seriously considered, even in high-risk zones. Robert Stojanov, Ilan Kelman, Barbora Duží 18 Jun 2015
434 Creative Commons FMR 49 - 'One Safe Future’ in the Philippines The Philippine government’s ‘One Safe Future’ programme relocated disaster-affected poor families in areas where structures enabling opportunities are lacking. Lloyd Ranque, Melissa Quetulio-Navarra 18 Jun 2015
435 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati The ‘migration with dignity’ policy is part of Kiribati’s long-term nation-wide relocation strategy. Karen E McNamara 18 Jun 2015
436 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific The adaptive characteristics of customary land systems deserve greater recognition in disaster or climate change policy frameworks. Daniel Fitzpatrick 18 Jun 2015
437 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Focusing on climate-induced migration, rather than mitigation, can be at odds with grassroots demands and can make the future uninhabitability of some Pacific Islands appear as a foregone conclusion. Hannah Fair 18 Jun 2015
438 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements The voices of scientists, academics, politicians and development practitioners dominate the climate change debate, yet local knowledge, values and beliefs are essential elements of navigating the way forward for affected communities. Ximena Flores-Palacios 18 Jun 2015
439 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Voluntary adaptive migration across int'l borders will be a critical component of an overall adaptation strategy for at-risk individuals and households in the Pacific in order to increase their resilience to natural hazards and prevent future displicement Bruce Burson, Richard Bedford 18 Jun 2015
440 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Integrating resilience in South Asia Communities can strengthen their resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and poverty reduction measures. Mi Zhou, Dorien Braam 18 Jun 2015
441 Creative Commons FMR 49 - “Everyone likes it here” Sea-level rise threatens communities of the Lakshadweep islands. But what happens when belongingness, religious beliefs and the identity of being an islander make them stay? Himani Upadhyay, Ilan Kelman, Divya Mohan 18 Jun 2015
442 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building adaptive capacity in Assam A starting point for adapting to longer-term climate change could be adaptation to short-term climate variability and extreme events. Making more informed choices about the use of remittances can enhance the adaptive capacity of receiving households. Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra 18 Jun 2015
443 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Many climate change-affected communities have already been using migration as a means to adapt to and withstand the challenges to their livelihoods and security. Strengthening of existing protections for all migrants is clearly advantageous. Jessica Marsh 18 Jun 2015
444 Creative Commons FMR 49 - One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’ The concept of ‘environmental refugees’, or ‘climate refugees’, has been progressively abandoned, as having no legal basis. I want to argue that there are good reasons to use the term. Francois Gemenne 18 Jun 2015
445 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Governance questions for the international community The Nansen Initiative has highlighted significant questions about how the international community should collectively think about displacement and mobility issues relating to natural disasters and climate change, and how to improve the governance thereof. Alexander Betts 18 Jun 2015
446 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building respectful solutions Tribes in coastal Alaska and Louisiana in the United States are among the communities at immediate risk of displacement due to climate change impacts. Colleen Swan, Chief Albert P Naquin, Stanley Tom 18 Jun 2015
447 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity The 30th anniversary of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration offers the opportunity to consider the achievements of the Cartagena process and the specific characteristics that make it so remarkable. Carlos Maldonado Castillo 18 Jun 2015
448 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Trafficking for human organs Trafficking of people for their organs is an emerging transnational crime that has failed to receive sufficient international attention. Vladimir Makei 18 Jun 2015
449 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Sweet tea and cigarettes: a taste of refugee life in Jordan Among refugees in Jordan, utter boredom – the result of restrictions on mobility, prohibitions on employment, and feelings of marginalisation – is an unmistakable source of anguish. Rana B Khoury 18 Jun 2015
450 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Distrust between refugees and their state of origin must be given due consideration in institutional approaches to repatriation of refugees, on the Thai-Burma border and in other refugee contexts worldwide. Karen Hargrave 18 Jun 2015
451 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Animals and forced migration Harm to animals resulting from forced migration of people is intricately interwoven with and contingent upon the simultaneous suffering of humans. Piers Beirne, Caitlin Kelty-Huber 18 Jun 2015
452 Creative Commons FMR 49, FGM - Editors’ Introduction An introductory note from the Editors of a special mini-feature on 'FGM and Asylum in Europe' in FMR 49. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 04 Jun 2015
453 Creative Commons FMR 49, FGM - Female genital mutilation: a case for asylum in Europe With some 71% of female EU asylum applicants from FGM-practising countries estimated to be survivors of this harmful traditional practice, it is time to accept that this subject demands greater scrutiny and a more dedicated response. Fadela Novak-Irons 04 Jun 2015
454 Creative Commons FMR 49, FGM - FGM: challenges for asylum applicants and officials Asylum authorities in the European Union need to establish better procedures to help address the specific vulnerabilities and protection needs of women and girls who have undergone or are at risk of female genital mutilation. Christine Flamand 04 Jun 2015
455 Creative Commons FMR 49, FGM - The medicalisation of female genital mutilation The ‘medicalisation’ of female genital mutilation should be denounced on two counts.Firstly, it is usually anatomically more damaging and, secondly, it goes against the ethical basis of the medical profession. Pierre Foldes, Frédérique Martz 04 Jun 2015
456 Creative Commons FMR 49, FGM - The Istanbul Convention: new treaty, new tool The new Istanbul Convention provides a powerful tool for more effectively guaranteeing the protection of asylum seekers at risk of gender-based persecution and at risk of FGM in particular. Elise Petitpas, Johanna Nelles 04 Jun 2015
457 Creative Commons FMR 49, FGM - Changing attitudes in Finland towards FGM Former refugee women are now working as professional educators among immigrant and refugee communities in Finland to tackle ignorance of the impact and extent of female genital mutilation/cutting. Saido Mohamed, Solomie Teshome 04 Jun 2015
458 Creative Commons FMR 48 - From the Editors An introductory note on FMR 48, 'Faith and Responses to Displacement', from the Editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 04 Jun 2015
459 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Religious leaders unite to disarm hearts and minds In the Central African Republic, where religion has been used as a tool to divide and manipulate the population, religious leaders have come together to promote tolerance and forgiveness as a basis for rebuilding peaceful cohabitation. Monsignor Dieudonné Nzapalainga, Imam Omar Kobine Layama, Pastor Nicolas Guerekoyame Gbangou 04 Jun 2015
460 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Local faith actors and protection in complex and insecure environments Faith leaders, faith-based organisations and local faith communities play a major role in the protection of people affected by conflict, disaster and displacement. Humanitarians, however, have only recently begun to fully appreciate their protection work. James Thomson 04 Jun 2015
461 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The value of accompaniment Friendship and compassionate companionship with the most vulnerable provide a powerful type of humanitarian service giving priority to personal accompaniment. Joe Hampson, Thomas M Crea, Rocío Calvo, Francisco Álvarez 04 Jun 2015
462 Creative Commons FMR 48 - How local faith communities can aid asylum seekers Local faith communities are able to offer assistance to asylum seekers in ways that faith-based organisations, constrained by eligibility criteria, are not. Kelly Barneche, ‘Joe’ 04 Jun 2015
463 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The role of religion in the formation of cross-community relationships Spiritual life is a priority in many conflict-affected communities. It is rarely prioritised by aid agencies, yet may be central to the formation and maintaining of strong and effective cross-community relationships. Sadia Kidwai, Lucy V Moore, Atallah FitzGibbon 04 Jun 2015
464 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The contribution of FBOs working with the displaced Faith-based organisations take from their religious traditions both strong motivations & access to a long history of thinking concerning social and political issues. This can make them ideally placed to fill the gaps in the implementation of human rights David Holdcroft 04 Jun 2015
465 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Faith and the secular: tensions in realising humanitarian principles There is good reason to engage faith-based organisations and local faith communities in humanitarian response but doing so raises challenging issues for the interpretation of humanitarian principles in what some see as a post-secular age. Alastair Ager 04 Jun 2015
466 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Faith motivation and effectiveness: a Catholic experience CAFOD’s ability to partner with other FBOs and communities brings significant advantages for its work with displaced people. However, modern-day humanitarianism does not always sit comfortably alongside some of the practices of the major religions. Robert Cruickshank, Cat Cowley 04 Jun 2015
467 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The dignity of the human person Catholic Social Teaching’s emphasis on the dignity of the human person is a lens that Catholic institutions use to evaluate how we as a global society enhance or threaten the dignity of the human person, especially the most vulnerable of people. Nathalie Lummert 04 Jun 2015
468 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Journeys of a secular organisation in south Lebanon A secular NGO’s experiences in south Lebanon demonstrate that it is possible for non-faith-based organisations to develop productive relationships with faith-based actors without compromising their secular identities. Jason Squire, Kristen Hope 04 Jun 2015
469 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Reflections from the field Working with religious leaders is an essential element of serving local communities, as is an understanding of the religious life of local communities and how belief influences their decision making. Simon Russell 04 Jun 2015
470 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The asylum seeker: a faith perspective An organisation based on faith will listen and try to understand when unjust laws, traditions, cultures or ideologies cause refugees to flee. Flor Maria Rigoni 04 Jun 2015
471 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Christian civil disobedience and indefinite, mandatory immigration detention in Australia A new movement of Christian activists in Australia is using radical direct action to challenge their country’s policy of mandatory detention of asylum seeker children. Marcus Campbell 04 Jun 2015
472 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Guided by humanitarian principles Caritas Luxembourg’s work with refugees, IDPs and migrants in Colombia, Lebanon and Luxembourg offers some examples of the ways in which a faith-based organisation may be advantaged or disadvantaged by its faith basis. Andreas Vogt, Sophie Colsell 04 Jun 2015
473 Creative Commons FMR 48 - A Luxembourg government perspective on faith in partnership While flexible in partnering with agencies best placed to assist affected populations, Luxembourg requires its partners to adhere to humanitarian principles. Max Lamesch 04 Jun 2015
474 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Not in our remit When secular organisations are responding to the needs of displaced people, the religious practices and needs of the communities may not be high on the list of things to be thought about. Maurice Herson 04 Jun 2015
475 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Faith, relief and development: the UMCOR-Muslim Aid model seven years on Seven years ago, a strategic partnership between the United Methodist Committee on Relief and Muslim Aid in Sri Lanka was formalised into a worldwide partnership agreement. Why did the partnership not achieve its goals? Amjad Saleem, Guy Hovey 04 Jun 2015
476 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Church Asylum Church asylum, or sanctuary, is a practice to support, counsel and give shelter to refugees who are threatened with deportation to inhumane living conditions, torture or even death. This practice can be located at the interface of benevolence and politics Birgit Neufert 04 Jun 2015
477 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Offering sanctuary to failed refugee claimants in Canada Despite the anti-refugee sentiment demonstrated by Canada’s recent legislative changes and the government’s hardening attitude towards those in sanctuary, the spirit of resistance and community engagement is alive and well in Canada. Kristin Marshall 04 Jun 2015
478 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Interfaith humanitarian cooperation: a Lutheran perspective The Lutheran World Federation’s experience is that closer cooperation between faith-based organisations of different faiths is both possible and beneficial. Elizabeth Gano 04 Jun 2015
479 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The clash and clout of faith: refugee aid in Ghana and Kenya A case-study from Ghana assesses the importance of a faith-based response to displacement in West Africa, while an example from Kenya highlights problems that can arise in collaborations between secular and faith-based organisations. Elizabeth Wirtz, Jonas Ecke 04 Jun 2015
480 Creative Commons FMR 48 - An inter-religious humanitarian response in the Central African Republic Inter-religious action has played a key role in ensuring that social cohesion and inter-religious mediation remain on the int'l agenda in relation to response in the Central African Republic, where people’s faith is an integral part of their identity Catherine Mahony 04 Jun 2015
481 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Respecting faiths, avoiding harm: psychosocial assistance in Jordan and the United States Both faith-based and secular organisations need to recognise the ways in which religion can provide healing and support but can also cause harm for refugees and asylum seekers. Maryam Zoma 04 Jun 2015
482 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Religious space, humanitarian space he Protestant church in Morocco is struggling with tensions as it navigates between being a church organisation and being – in its work with refugees and migrants – something more like a non-governmental organisation. May Ngo 04 Jun 2015
483 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Faith-based humanitarianism in northern Myanmar The response of faith-based organisations to displacement in northern Myanmar has been remarkable but sustaining an open and collaborative relationship with the international community remains an ongoing challenge. Edward Benson, Carine Jaquet 03 Jun 2015
484 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The costs of giving and receiving: dilemmas in Bangkok Local faith-based organisations play a central role in meeting the basic needs of the increasing urban refugee population in Bangkok. This raises challenges for all involved. Sabine Larribeau, Sharonne Broadhead 03 Jun 2015
485 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Faith and the politics of resettlement For some asylum seekers in Turkey, conversion may be an opportunistic strategy to improve resettlement prospects. Shoshana Fine 03 Jun 2015
486 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Principles and proselytising: good practice in Ethiopia Faith-based organisations need to ensure that in providing essential humanitarian assistance they do not exploit the vulnerability of people by proselytising, whether overtly or covertly. Zenebe Desta 03 Jun 2015
487 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Jewish roots of humanitarian assistance The act of assistance is an act of respect for the humanity of others and is not the preserve of any one faith. Ricardo Augman, Enrique Burbinski 03 Jun 2015
488 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Chins in Mizoram state, India: a faith-based response The faith community in Mizoram state in India has played an instrumental role in providing social services, changing perceptions of refugees, and providing access and assistance, reaching the most vulnerable where there's no international presence. Jenny Yang 03 Jun 2015
489 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Engaging IDPs in Sri Lanka: a Buddhist approach A Buddhist Sri Lankan NGO provides an example of how endogenous faith-based civil society organisations can help mobilise IDPs in owning and defining strategies for their own protection. - See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/faith/contents#sthash.Ktl8olu Emily Barry-Murphy, Max Stephenson 03 Jun 2015
490 Creative Commons FMR 48 - An ecumenical organisation for asylum seekers in Switzerland An ecumenical organisation provides socio-pastoral assistance for asylum seekers while they go through the first crucial steps of the asylum proceedings. Susy Mugnes, Felicina Proserpio, Luisa Deponti 03 Jun 2015
491 Creative Commons FMR 48 - African refugees and the particular role of churches in the UK Many churches have the necessary physical and social assets to assist refugees in the community both individually and by bringing them together. Samuel Bekalo 03 Jun 2015
492 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Post-disaster recovery and support in Japan As a locally based faith-based organisation, there were several aspects that enabled Soka Gakkai to contribute effectively to the relief effort following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, responding to both physical and psychological needs. Kimiaki Kawai 03 Jun 2015
493 Creative Commons FMR 48: ‘Welcoming the stranger’ and UNHCR’s cooperation with faith-based organisations Since its creation in 1950, UNHCR has engaged with faith-based organisations, faith communities and faith leaders in carrying out its work. Recently, UNHCR has been more actively exploring the role of faith in humanitarian responses. José Riera, Marie-Claude Poirier 03 Jun 2015
494 Creative Commons FMR 48 - What’s faith got to do with it? Use of the faith-based label demands greater clarification lest it lose coherence and result in adverse policy implications, excluding religiously motivated actors from providing much-needed assistance to displaced communities, particularly inside Syria. Tahir Zaman 03 Jun 2015
495 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Refugees’ integration in Uganda will require renewed lobbying A legal decision about whether refugees in Uganda can become citizens continues to be delayed. Georgia Cole 03 Jun 2015
496 Creative Commons FMR 48 - The 1969 OAU Convention and the continuing challenge for the African Union Forty years after the OAU Convention on Refugees came into force, the dismal state in which refugees in Africa find themselves these days raises the question as to whether the Convention has lived up to expectations. J O Moses Okello 03 Jun 2015
497 Creative Commons FMR 48 - From violence to more violence in Central America Many Central American migrants flee their home country as a result of violence and threats from the criminal gangs. A large number of them also encounter the same type of violence that they are fleeing when on the migratory routes through Mexico. Israel Medina 03 Jun 2015
498 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Work and refugee integration in Sweden One of the main challenges facing refugees trying to integrate in their host country is finding a suitable job. Sweden recognises this issue and is investing in making inclusion in the labour market the driver of refugee integration. Miguel Peromingo 03 Jun 2015
499 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Frozen displacement: Kashmiri Pandits in India In the 1990s nearly 250,000 people were displaced by violence in India. More than 20 years later the question for them is whether the responses to their displacement so far can form the basis for long-term solutions for their protracted displacement. Mahima Thussu 03 Jun 2015
500 Creative Commons FMR 48 - Public policy to address displacement in Mexico At hearings of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in November 2013 on the human rights situation in Mexico, the issue of the internally displaced in particular caught my attention. José Ramón Cossío Díaz 03 Jun 2015