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forced migration

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 60 - General - Implementing the Global Compacts: the importance of a whole-of-society approach The global community must now take incisive, coordinated action through a whole-of-society approach to push forward the effective implementation of the two Global Compacts. Tamara Domicelj, Carolina Gottardo 20 Feb 2019
2 FMR 60 - General - Localisation: we are frustrated, not stupid! The Grand Bargain promises much but an inherent lack of trust in the international system is hampering local capacity building. Listowell Efe Usen 20 Feb 2019
3 FMR 60 Evidence for education in emergencies: who decides and why it matters Analysis of educational research funding proposals submitted to Dubai Cares, a global education funder, indicates an alarming absence of input from local actors and end-users at all steps of the process. Nadeen Alalami 20 Feb 2019
4 FMR 60 - Feasible measurement of learning in emergencies: lessons from Uganda A new assessment tool aims to provide a rapid, holistic understanding of displaced learners' needs. Nikhit D'Sa, Allyson Krupar, Clay Westrope 20 Feb 2019
5 FMR 60 - Improving learning environments in emergencies through community participation An education in emergencies toolkit developed by Save the Children looks at how learning environments can be improved through community participation. Zeina Bali 20 Feb 2019
6 FMR 60 - Schooling gaps for Syrian refugees in Turkey Turkey and the wider international community must address gaps in educational provision so that Syrian refugees can access appropriate opportunities to learn. Melissa Hauber-Özer 20 Feb 2019
7 FMR 60 - Navigating curricula choices for Palestine refugees Curriculum choices matter greatly in countries that host large number of refugees for increasingly long periods of time. Jo Kelcey 20 Feb 2019
8 FMR 60 - Street schools and school buses: informal education provision in France In the face of increasingly limited access to schooling for asylum seekers and migrants in France, volunteer initiatives have sprung up to provide much-needed informal education. Maria Hagan 19 Feb 2019
9 FMR 60 - Early childhood development and psychosocial support in Syria Programming for early childhood development and psychosocial support needs to be able to evolve in order to cater for changing needs and to respond to emerging challenges. Fatima Khaddour 19 Feb 2019
10 FMR 60 - Foreword: Education – a humanitarian and development imperative For far too long, donors and the international community have neglected education in humanitarian response. Switzerland was no exception. Food, water, health and shelter were the usual priorities during emergencies, while education was considered more of Manuel Bessler 19 Feb 2019
11 FMR 60 - Gender equality in education in emergencies Evidence from programming built around this framework shows how a gender-responsive approach can alleviate the particular risks that face girls and boys during crisis and displacement. Eva Iversen, Else Oestergaard 19 Feb 2019
12 FMR 60 - From the editors In this issue of FMR, authors from around the world debate how better to enable access to quality education both in emergency settings and in resettlement and asylum contexts. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 01 Feb 2019
13 FMR 60 - Feeling safe enough to learn in a conflict zone Building an internal sense of safety while also teaching coping skills and how to remain alert to the very real risks outside is essential if psychosocial programming in Afghanistan is to provide a ‘safe space’ for children to learn in a context of high i Bethan McEvoy 01 Feb 2019
14 FMR 60 - Breaking the silence: sexual coercion and abuse in post-conflict education Experience from the Central African Republic makes clear that global efforts to increase numbers of children in school, particularly in conflict-affected areas and for displaced children, need to pay greater attention to safety and accountability. Sophie Bray-Watkins 01 Feb 2019
15 FMR 60 - Strengthening education systems for long-term education responses Implementation of programmes in DRC and Nigeria demonstrates how the building blocks for long-term improvements can be laid in the earliest stages of an education in emergencies response, even in the most challenging contexts. Thea Lacey, Marcello Viola 01 Feb 2019
16 FMR 60 - Jordan: education policy in transition As the education sector in Jordan moves from a humanitarian to a development response, a lack of planning for an appropriate transition risks excluding some groups of learners. Julie Chinnery 01 Feb 2019
17 FMR 60 - Applying learning theory to shape 'good learning' in emergencies: experience from Dadaab, Kenya Applying one learning theory retrospectively to a non-formal education programme for youth shows how learning theories can be used to assess learning in diverse EiE programmes. Allyson Krupar, Marina L Anselme 01 Feb 2019
18 FMR 60 - Child-friendly spaces: enhancing their role in improving learning outcomes Providing psychosocial support to children through the medium of child-friendly spaces can improve learning outcomes for children but requires more localised, partnership-driven and gender-responsive approaches and strengthened monitoring and evaluation. Gurvinder Singh, Charlotte Tocchio 01 Feb 2019
19 FMR 60 - Refugee children with communication disability in Rwanda: providing the educational services they need Research undertaken in Rwanda aims to provide firm evidence for use in improving access to inclusive educational services for refugee children with communication disability. Helen Barrett, Julie Marshall, Juliet Goldbart 01 Feb 2019
20 FMR 60 - Refugee education in Greece: integration or segregation? Although education policies have been devised to integrate these children into the Greek education system, these policies have actually led to some students being segregated. Giorgos Simopoulos, Antonios Alexandridis 01 Feb 2019
21 FMR 60 - Accessing and thriving in education in the UK Research shows that significant barriers confront refugee and asylum-seeker children arriving in the UK in terms of them getting into school and thriving in education. Catherine Gladwell 01 Feb 2019
22 FMR 60 - Learning in resettlement Education is a central element of resettled families’ lives and providing support to parents and children to learn about and integrate into the education system is essential. Marwa Belghazi 01 Feb 2019
23 FMR 60 - UK immigration policy: restrictions on asylum seekers' right to study Changes to immigration legislation in the UK have led to restrictions on many asylum seekers' right to study. Helen Baron 01 Feb 2019
24 FMR 60 - 'Education is key to life': The the importance of education from the perspective of displaced learners Students on the University of East London's OLIve course – a preparatory course for university access specifically tailored to refugees and asylum seekers in the UK – share experiences of accessing education as displaced learners. OLIve course Students, IT trainer, director of the OLIve course 01 Feb 2019
25 FMR 60 - Educating unaccompanied children in US shelters Educational services provided to unaccompanied children in government-funded shelters in the US must be examined more critically in order to better meet the children’s varied needs – and federal standards for public education. Kylie Diebold, Kerri Evans, Emily Hornung 01 Feb 2019
26 FMR 60 - Teachers in displacement: learning from Dadaab Despite the challenges they face, refugee teachers believe in the potential of education to transform the lives of refugee learners and communities. Their voices and needs must inform refugee education provision in order to improve access and outcomes. Mohamed Duale, Ochan Leomoi, Abdullahi Aden, Okello Oyat 01 Feb 2019
27 FMR 60 - Child labour and school attendance in Turkey Promoting self-sufficiency for displaced populations can have the unintended consequence of undermining efforts to provide education for all Syrian children. Ozlem Erden 01 Feb 2019
28 FMR 60 - Inter-sectoral cooperation for Afghan refugee education in Iran A recent decree in Iran removed a legal barrier to undocumented refugee children attending school but other barriers remain. One non-governmental organisation discusses the successes and challenges of adopting an inter-sectoral approach. Reem Shammout, Olivier Vandecasteele 01 Feb 2019
29 FMR 60 - Connected learning: the future for higher education? Higher education institutions in Lebanon should consider how connected learning can improve access to higher education for young refugees and members of the host community. Hana Addam El-Ghali, Emma Ghosn 01 Feb 2019
30 FMR 60 - Connected learning: a refugee assessment Connected learning offers the opportunity to expand access to higher education for refugees, benefiting both individuals and communities. Moise Dushime, Eugenie Manirafasha, Kalenga Mbonyinshuti 01 Feb 2019
31 FMR 60 - The importance of access and accreditation: learning from the Thailand–Myanmar border The displaced community on the Thailand–Myanmar border has long provided for the basic educational needs of large numbers of children. Providing accredited education, however, remains a struggle. Mary Purkey, Megan Irving 01 Feb 2019
32 FMR 60 - Adult literacy: an essential component of the CRRF Literacy needs among the refugee populations of Uganda and Ethiopia are vast, yet although both are CRRF pilot countries – and therefore in theory committed to promoting literacy – functional adult literacy is barely supported at all. Massimo Lanciotti 01 Feb 2019
33 Creative Commons Migratory flows, colonial encounters and the histories of transatlantic slavery Olivette Otele explores how histories of transatlantic slavery impact on contemporary questions of migration Olivette Otele 26 Jan 2017
34 Creative Commons People on the Move in an Era of Climate Change: Obstacles and Opportunities Professor Jane McAdam, Kaldor Centre for International Refugee, University of New South Wales & Asad Rehman, Friends of the Earth Climate Campaign - June 2016 Jane McAdam, Asad Rehman 21 Oct 2016
35 Creative Commons From Search to Exploration Barriers and opportunities in using oral history archives as data resources Jakub Mlynář 16 May 2016
36 FMR 51 - From the Editors Europe is experiencing the mass movements of displaced people in a way that it has largely been immune from for decades. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 19 Dec 2015
37 FMR 51 - Foreword: Banking on mobility over a generation Europe need not renounce its freedom of movement: it should instead develop a better controlled mobility regime. It would then, in effect, much better control its borders. François Crépeau 19 Dec 2015
38 FMR 51 - Migrants, refugees, history and precedents There is much about earlier migration crises that today’s European policymakers might profitably recall. Colin Bundy 19 Dec 2015
39 FMR 51 - Refugee protection in Europe: time for a major overhaul? A number of myths surrounding refugee protection may obscure our understanding and complicate the search for solutions, but there are also clear and realistic possibilities for change in the EU’s body of law to enable better outcomes for states & refugees Maria Stavropoulou 19 Dec 2015
40 FMR 51 - Simplifying refugee status determination There is a persuasive case to be made for simplifying refugee status determination in the European Union. Kelly Staples 19 Dec 2015
41 FMR 51 - Arrivals on the island of Lesbos, summer 2015 Lesbos, population 85,000, received more than 85,000 refugees and migrants in 2015 up to the end of August. Fotini Rantsiou 19 Dec 2015
42 FMR 51 - It need not be like this Creating space for smugglers and failing to provide humanitarian assistance are European failures. Opening legal routes to Europe could deal with both. Cathryn Costello 19 Dec 2015
43 FMR 51 - The Mediterranean challenge within a world of humanitarian crises While the high number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe in 2015 has increased pressures and tensions, this is not a crisis beyond the capability of Europe to manage together as a Union. William Lacy Swing 19 Dec 2015
44 FMR 51 - A network of camps on the way to Europe While makeshift camps, such as those that have proliferated around Europe, may form spaces of resourcefulness and agency which cannot be accommodated in state-run detention camps, none of these temporary spaces is a definitive solution. Irit Katz 19 Dec 2015
45 FMR 51 - Trickery in Dublin’s shadow Border practices at the Italy-Austria border are part of a wider trend of questionable practices used by EU Member States which render irrelevant both the Schengen Agreement and the Dublin Regulation. Marco Funk 19 Dec 2015
46 FMR 51 - Abuses at Europe’s borders Refugees and migrants have been regularly subjected to widespread rights violations by officials at some European borders. The EU needs to allow more legal avenues for people seeking protection to reach Europe safely. Duncan Breen 19 Dec 2015
47 FMR 51 - Melilla: mirage en route to Europe Among those who have reached Melilla, there seems to be no consensus as to whether they see themselves as being in transit in Europe or still in Africa. Frida Bjørneseth 19 Dec 2015
48 FMR 51 - Search and rescue in the central Mediterranean Although people are aware of the risks of the sea crossing, nothing can really prepare them for the experience. Hernan del Valle, Rabia Ben Ali, Will Turner 19 Dec 2015
49 FMR 51 - Safety, rescue at sea and legal access If it is to live up to its own values, the EU needs to step up search-and-rescue operations in the Mediterranean and open up legal means for access to protection in Europe in order to avoid the need for risky journeys across the Mediterranean. Stefan Kessler 19 Dec 2015
50 FMR 51 - Migrant arrivals and deaths in the Mediterranean: what do the data really tell us? The policy and media gaze focuses on numbers of migrant arrivals and deaths. There are problems in the data for both categories. Frank Laczko, Ann Singleton, Tara Brian, Marzia Rango 19 Dec 2015
51 FMR 51 - Irregular migration by sea Irregular migration by sea is not a solely Mediterranean phenomenon. N/A 19 Dec 2015
52 FMR 51 - Afghan and Somali (post-)conflict migration to the EU There are invisible drivers of migration for Afghans and Somalis to Europe, caused by decades of conflict. Although officially considered as ‘post-conflict’, the reality is very different. Nassim Majidi 19 Dec 2015
53 FMR 51 - Understanding why Eritreans go to Europe Why do Eritreans risk their lives on perilous journeys to Europe? Why they don’t stay in neighbouring countries where they could get safety and protection? Mogos O Brhane 19 Dec 2015
54 FMR 51 - No option but Europe Asylum seekers’ stories point to the need for effective protection for refugees and to facilitate greater opportunities to access it, both within Europe and beyond. Yotam Gidron, Olivia Bueno 19 Dec 2015
55 FMR 51 - Iraqi refugee households in Jordan: the active search for solutions For Iraqi refugees in Jordan the decision to leave for Europe is very much influenced by the experience of waiting in the region. Mirjam A Twigt 19 Dec 2015
56 FMR 51 - Tragedy on the way to Europe: a perspective from Africa As Europe grapples with the challenges of responding to the arival of large numbers of migrants, it is vital to keep in mind that the people involved have not left their homes and countries for no reason. Many of them would rather have stayed at home. J O Moses Okello 19 Dec 2015
57 FMR 51 - EU cooperation with third countries: rethinking concepts and investments Despite ‘externalising’ its immigration agenda, the EU has largely failed to develop a coherent and effective overall strategy, to the detriment of migrants and would-be asylum seekers. Elizabeth Collett 19 Dec 2015
58 FMR 51 - The road more travelled? Onward movement of asylum seekers and refugees The phenomenon of onward movement creates formidable challenges for states, asylum seekers and refugees, and the international protection system as a whole. Madeline Garlick 19 Dec 2015
59 FMR 51 - European Union readmission agreements The use of readmission agreements has prompted a debate on their compliance with international law, in particular the provisions on protection for refugees and asylum seekers. Mehdi Rais 19 Dec 2015
60 FMR 51 - A coast-guard officer’s perspective: reinforcing migration through legal channels Given that we cannot always rescue refugees or economic migrants in danger at the EU’s maritime borders, efforts are needed to reinforce legal channels for migration to Europe and to prevent refugees and migrants being exploited by criminal networks. Kostas Karagatsos 19 Dec 2015
61 FMR 51 - The extra-territorial processing of asylum claims Calls for the creation of asylum processing centres outside the EU are being renewed. But significant objections and obstacles remain. Sarah Léonard, Christian Kaunert 19 Dec 2015
62 FMR 51 - Refugees in Serbia: on the way to a better life More than 450,000 people passed through Serbia from the beginning of 2015 until the middle of November. However, even in 2014 the numbers were large, and growing. Maša Vukčević, Jelena Momirović, Danka Purić 19 Dec 2015
63 FMR 51 - Passing through Greece The eagerness of refugees and migrants to leave Greece and travel to other European countries is quite evident. Marco Mogiani 19 Dec 2015
64 FMR 51 - Bulgaria’s struggle at the frontline Bulgaria has struggled to deal appropriately with mass irregular migration. It has also failed to address integration. Eleanor E Roberts 19 Dec 2015
65 FMR 51 - Protecting asylum seekers in mixed flows: lessons from Bulgaria In the context of a large number of arrivals, states may introduce blanket measures aimed at preventing irregular migration. These, however, may curtail the rights of asylum seekers. Mariya Shisheva 19 Dec 2015
66 FMR 51 - Envisioning a Common European Asylum System A bolder approach is needed if the European Union is to overcome fragmentation and manage refugee movements effectively and in accordance with international obligations. Volker Türk 19 Dec 2015
67 FMR 51 - Are asylum and immigration really a European Union issue? Attempts to find an EU-wide solution to asylum may be preventing the finding of workable solutions at the bi-lateral or national level. Joanne van Selm 19 Dec 2015
68 FMR 51 - Social protection: a fourth durable solution? Although asylum seekers and refugees in Europe and in Latin America are very different in terms of numbers, a solution being implemented by Brazil and Ecuador may show the European Union a way forward on sharing the responsibility within a regional bloc. Carolina Montenegro 19 Dec 2015
69 FMR 51 - In search of fairness in responsibility sharing The cycle of mutual mistrust between EU Member States that prevents solidarity can only be broken if responsibility is assessed fairly on the basis of objective indicators. Philippe De Bruycker, Evangelia (Lilian) Tsourdi 19 Dec 2015
70 FMR 51 - Volunteers and asylum seekers People in communities where asylum seekers and refugees have appeared offered various forms of support to the new arrivals as states failed to provide even the essentials. Serhat Karakayali, J Olaf Kleist 19 Dec 2015
71 FMR 51 - A welcoming policy in post-socialist East Germany Apparently, East European countries are less willing to accept refugees than other European countries. Their experience of ethnic and cultural diversity is weak and a genuine welcome has still to be developed. Anna Steigemann, Frank Eckardt, Franziska Werner 19 Dec 2015
72 FMR 51 - Migration terminology matters Failure to employ correct terminology has consequences beyond semantics. More efforts are needed to educate people – especially those whose words are widely disseminated – in the correct use of migration-related terminology. Paola Pace, Kristi Severance 19 Dec 2015
73 FMR 51 - Separated and unaccompanied children in the EU A growing body of EU law, policy and practical measures address the situation of separated and unaccompanied children who arrive in the EU. Rebecca O’Donnell, Jyothi Kanics 19 Dec 2015
74 FMR 51 - Ukrainian asylum seekers and a Polish immigration paradox The recognition rate for Ukrainian asylum seekers in Poland remains at an extremely low level, with the concept of ‘internal flight alternative’ serving as the legal basis for rejection of many asylum applications. Marta Szczepanik, Ewelina Tylec 19 Dec 2015
75 FMR 51 - Removing ‘non-removables’ EU law and policy on non-removable irregular immigrants – such as unsuccessful asylum seekers who cannot be returned to their country of origin – have political and humanitarian consequences. Katharine T Weatherhead 19 Dec 2015
76 FMR 51 - Europe, don’t copy Australia Praise for Australia’s policy of turning away asylum seekers is misguided. Keeya-Lee Ayre 19 Dec 2015
77 FMR 51 - Europe and the future of international refugee policy There is new thinking – that European leaders should embrace – on how to promote long-term responses to the Syrian refugee crisis that protect and uphold human dignity. El Hassan bin Talal 19 Dec 2015
78 FMR 51 - Choice and preference in a matching market for refugees We propose a system that will at the same time give refugees choices and states control by ‘matching’ the preferences of each to the other’s. Will Jones, Alexander Teytelboym 19 Dec 2015
79 FMR 51 - Legal and practical issues raised by the movement of people across the Mediterranean States must deal with each other on a basis of equity and equality, rather than outmoded and unrealistic expectations of sovereign entitlement Guy S Goodwin-Gill 19 Dec 2015
80 FMR 51 - From Syria to Brazil Precisely because of the difficulties Syrians face in entering the EU, Brazil has opened up to them. Marília Calegari, Rosana Baeninger 19 Dec 2015
81 FMR 51 General - Economic reintegration of returnees in Liberia Since the early 2000s, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization has been implementing economic recovery programmes for returnees in certain post-conflict countries. Naohiko Omata, Noriko Takahashi 15 Dec 2015
82 FMR 51 General - Thirty years of development-induced displacement in China To accelerate the process of poverty reduction in its poorer regions, China decided in 2001 to implement a national programme of displacement of populations living in areas considered environmentally fragile. François Dubé 15 Dec 2015
83 FMR 51 General - Refugee Status Determination in Albania There are some shortcomings in Albania’s RSD despite the country’s efforts to develop its procedures in line with international standards. Xymena Dyduch 15 Dec 2015
84 FMR 51 General - The face of refugees Personal contact with refugees helps us not only to see the people behind the need but also to better understand the obstacles they face. Jesus Quintanilla Osorio 15 Dec 2015
85 FMR 51 General - Challenges to the right to work in Ecuador The right to work is important for refugees and asylum seekers – to support themselves, to facilitate local integration and to contribute to the host society. However, they often face obstacles in accessing work in host societies... Adeline Sozanski, Karina Sarmiento, Carlos Reyes 15 Dec 2015
86 RSC Special Seminars: Historical cross-border relocations in the Pacific Professor Jane McAdam focuses here on the relocation of the Banaban population from Ocean Island (previously one of the Gilbert & Ellice Islands, now Kiribati) to Rabi Island in Fiji after the Second World War. Jane McAdam 23 Jun 2015
87 Creative Commons FMR 49 - From the Editors An introductory note on FMR 49, 'Disasters and displacement in a changing climate', from the Editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 18 Jun 2015
88 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Forward In order to make progress on disasters, climate change and human mobility, it is essential to bring together different strands of the discussion to develop a comprehensive response that also anticipates future challenges associated with climate change. Børge Brende, Didier Burkhalter 18 Jun 2015
89 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts The Nansen Initiative consultative process has identified a toolbox of potential policy options to prevent, prepare for and respond to the challenges of cross-border displacement in disaster contexts, including the effects of climate change. Walter Kälin 18 Jun 2015
90 Creative Commons FMR 49 - National Adaptation Plans and human mobility In order to avoid displacement when possible, displacement and human mobility issues need to be better integrated within national and regional adaptation planning processes. Koko Warner, Walter Kälin, Susan Martin, Youssef Nassef 18 Jun 2015
91 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The state of the evidence Researchers have much to do, not only to understand climate- and disaster-induced migration but also to transmit their understanding for the use of policymakers and practitioners. Justin Ginnetti 18 Jun 2015
92 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru A movement of people is rarely explained by environmental or climatic factors alone. Therefore an analysis which does not take into consideration the cultural consequences of climate change for affected societies is incomplete. Geremia Cometti 18 Jun 2015
93 Creative Commons FMR 49 - An integrated focus The key to successfully addressing the challenges of environmental, climatic and natural disasters is integrating migration concerns – including displacement – into all climate change, disaster risk reduction and development policies and frameworks. William Lacy Swing 18 Jun 2015
94 Creative Commons FMR 49 - West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions West Africa has a very mobile population and high vulnerability to natural hazards. It also, however, has a number of regional cooperation agreements and may therefore be a useful testing ground for addressing cross-border disaster displacement. Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui, Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
95 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Development and displacement risks The impact of climate change induces systemic patterns of socio-economic erosion that also affect the dynamics of disaster displacement and that require parallel responses. Glaucia Boyer, Matthew McKinnon 18 Jun 2015
96 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Developing temporary protection in Africa Formalised temporary protection arrangements in Africa could significantly improve access to territory and human rights for people displaced across borders by disasters. Such arrangements must adhere to states’ existing protection obligations. Tamara Wood 18 Jun 2015
97 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Oman and Mongolia reflect the modern climatic and social challenges to mobile pastoral livelihoods. Dawn Chatty, Troy Sternberg 18 Jun 2015
98 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Preparing for planned relocation Preparing for planned relocation FMR 18 Jun 2015
99 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Placing contemporary deliberations about relocation within a longer historical and intellectual framework reveals unexpected connections and salutary lessons. Jane McAdam 18 Jun 2015
100 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Post-disaster resettlement programmes can be unsuitable and ineffective, often exacerbating the vulnerability of people to the effects of climate change. Gemma Sou 18 Jun 2015