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forced migration

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 Creative Commons Migratory flows, colonial encounters and the histories of transatlantic slavery Olivette Otele explores how histories of transatlantic slavery impact on contemporary questions of migration Olivette Otele 26 Jan 2017
2 Creative Commons People on the Move in an Era of Climate Change: Obstacles and Opportunities Professor Jane McAdam, Kaldor Centre for International Refugee, University of New South Wales & Asad Rehman, Friends of the Earth Climate Campaign - June 2016 Jane McAdam, Asad Rehman 21 Oct 2016
3 Creative Commons From Search to Exploration Barriers and opportunities in using oral history archives as data resources Jakub Mlynář 16 May 2016
4 FMR 51 - From the Editors Europe is experiencing the mass movements of displaced people in a way that it has largely been immune from for decades. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 19 Dec 2015
5 FMR 51 - Foreword: Banking on mobility over a generation Europe need not renounce its freedom of movement: it should instead develop a better controlled mobility regime. It would then, in effect, much better control its borders. François Crépeau 19 Dec 2015
6 FMR 51 - Migrants, refugees, history and precedents There is much about earlier migration crises that today’s European policymakers might profitably recall. Colin Bundy 19 Dec 2015
7 FMR 51 - Refugee protection in Europe: time for a major overhaul? A number of myths surrounding refugee protection may obscure our understanding and complicate the search for solutions, but there are also clear and realistic possibilities for change in the EU’s body of law to enable better outcomes for states & refugees Maria Stavropoulou 19 Dec 2015
8 FMR 51 - Simplifying refugee status determination There is a persuasive case to be made for simplifying refugee status determination in the European Union. Kelly Staples 19 Dec 2015
9 FMR 51 - Arrivals on the island of Lesbos, summer 2015 Lesbos, population 85,000, received more than 85,000 refugees and migrants in 2015 up to the end of August. Fotini Rantsiou 19 Dec 2015
10 FMR 51 - It need not be like this Creating space for smugglers and failing to provide humanitarian assistance are European failures. Opening legal routes to Europe could deal with both. Cathryn Costello 19 Dec 2015
11 FMR 51 - The Mediterranean challenge within a world of humanitarian crises While the high number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe in 2015 has increased pressures and tensions, this is not a crisis beyond the capability of Europe to manage together as a Union. William Lacy Swing 19 Dec 2015
12 FMR 51 - A network of camps on the way to Europe While makeshift camps, such as those that have proliferated around Europe, may form spaces of resourcefulness and agency which cannot be accommodated in state-run detention camps, none of these temporary spaces is a definitive solution. Irit Katz 19 Dec 2015
13 FMR 51 - Trickery in Dublin’s shadow Border practices at the Italy-Austria border are part of a wider trend of questionable practices used by EU Member States which render irrelevant both the Schengen Agreement and the Dublin Regulation. Marco Funk 19 Dec 2015
14 FMR 51 - Abuses at Europe’s borders Refugees and migrants have been regularly subjected to widespread rights violations by officials at some European borders. The EU needs to allow more legal avenues for people seeking protection to reach Europe safely. Duncan Breen 19 Dec 2015
15 FMR 51 - Melilla: mirage en route to Europe Among those who have reached Melilla, there seems to be no consensus as to whether they see themselves as being in transit in Europe or still in Africa. Frida Bjørneseth 19 Dec 2015
16 FMR 51 - Search and rescue in the central Mediterranean Although people are aware of the risks of the sea crossing, nothing can really prepare them for the experience. Hernan del Valle, Rabia Ben Ali, Will Turner 19 Dec 2015
17 FMR 51 - Safety, rescue at sea and legal access If it is to live up to its own values, the EU needs to step up search-and-rescue operations in the Mediterranean and open up legal means for access to protection in Europe in order to avoid the need for risky journeys across the Mediterranean. Stefan Kessler 19 Dec 2015
18 FMR 51 - Migrant arrivals and deaths in the Mediterranean: what do the data really tell us? The policy and media gaze focuses on numbers of migrant arrivals and deaths. There are problems in the data for both categories. Frank Laczko, Ann Singleton, Tara Brian, Marzia Rango 19 Dec 2015
19 FMR 51 - Irregular migration by sea Irregular migration by sea is not a solely Mediterranean phenomenon. N/A 19 Dec 2015
20 FMR 51 - Afghan and Somali (post-)conflict migration to the EU There are invisible drivers of migration for Afghans and Somalis to Europe, caused by decades of conflict. Although officially considered as ‘post-conflict’, the reality is very different. Nassim Majidi 19 Dec 2015
21 FMR 51 - Understanding why Eritreans go to Europe Why do Eritreans risk their lives on perilous journeys to Europe? Why they don’t stay in neighbouring countries where they could get safety and protection? Mogos O Brhane 19 Dec 2015
22 FMR 51 - No option but Europe Asylum seekers’ stories point to the need for effective protection for refugees and to facilitate greater opportunities to access it, both within Europe and beyond. Yotam Gidron, Olivia Bueno 19 Dec 2015
23 FMR 51 - Iraqi refugee households in Jordan: the active search for solutions For Iraqi refugees in Jordan the decision to leave for Europe is very much influenced by the experience of waiting in the region. Mirjam A Twigt 19 Dec 2015
24 FMR 51 - Tragedy on the way to Europe: a perspective from Africa As Europe grapples with the challenges of responding to the arival of large numbers of migrants, it is vital to keep in mind that the people involved have not left their homes and countries for no reason. Many of them would rather have stayed at home. J O Moses Okello 19 Dec 2015
25 FMR 51 - EU cooperation with third countries: rethinking concepts and investments Despite ‘externalising’ its immigration agenda, the EU has largely failed to develop a coherent and effective overall strategy, to the detriment of migrants and would-be asylum seekers. Elizabeth Collett 19 Dec 2015
26 FMR 51 - The road more travelled? Onward movement of asylum seekers and refugees The phenomenon of onward movement creates formidable challenges for states, asylum seekers and refugees, and the international protection system as a whole. Madeline Garlick 19 Dec 2015
27 FMR 51 - European Union readmission agreements The use of readmission agreements has prompted a debate on their compliance with international law, in particular the provisions on protection for refugees and asylum seekers. Mehdi Rais 19 Dec 2015
28 FMR 51 - A coast-guard officer’s perspective: reinforcing migration through legal channels Given that we cannot always rescue refugees or economic migrants in danger at the EU’s maritime borders, efforts are needed to reinforce legal channels for migration to Europe and to prevent refugees and migrants being exploited by criminal networks. Kostas Karagatsos 19 Dec 2015
29 FMR 51 - The extra-territorial processing of asylum claims Calls for the creation of asylum processing centres outside the EU are being renewed. But significant objections and obstacles remain. Sarah Léonard, Christian Kaunert 19 Dec 2015
30 FMR 51 - Refugees in Serbia: on the way to a better life More than 450,000 people passed through Serbia from the beginning of 2015 until the middle of November. However, even in 2014 the numbers were large, and growing. Maša Vukčević, Jelena Momirović, Danka Purić 19 Dec 2015
31 FMR 51 - Passing through Greece The eagerness of refugees and migrants to leave Greece and travel to other European countries is quite evident. Marco Mogiani 19 Dec 2015
32 FMR 51 - Bulgaria’s struggle at the frontline Bulgaria has struggled to deal appropriately with mass irregular migration. It has also failed to address integration. Eleanor E Roberts 19 Dec 2015
33 FMR 51 - Protecting asylum seekers in mixed flows: lessons from Bulgaria In the context of a large number of arrivals, states may introduce blanket measures aimed at preventing irregular migration. These, however, may curtail the rights of asylum seekers. Mariya Shisheva 19 Dec 2015
34 FMR 51 - Envisioning a Common European Asylum System A bolder approach is needed if the European Union is to overcome fragmentation and manage refugee movements effectively and in accordance with international obligations. Volker Türk 19 Dec 2015
35 FMR 51 - Are asylum and immigration really a European Union issue? Attempts to find an EU-wide solution to asylum may be preventing the finding of workable solutions at the bi-lateral or national level. Joanne van Selm 19 Dec 2015
36 FMR 51 - Social protection: a fourth durable solution? Although asylum seekers and refugees in Europe and in Latin America are very different in terms of numbers, a solution being implemented by Brazil and Ecuador may show the European Union a way forward on sharing the responsibility within a regional bloc. Carolina Montenegro 19 Dec 2015
37 FMR 51 - In search of fairness in responsibility sharing The cycle of mutual mistrust between EU Member States that prevents solidarity can only be broken if responsibility is assessed fairly on the basis of objective indicators. Philippe De Bruycker, Evangelia (Lilian) Tsourdi 19 Dec 2015
38 FMR 51 - Volunteers and asylum seekers People in communities where asylum seekers and refugees have appeared offered various forms of support to the new arrivals as states failed to provide even the essentials. Serhat Karakayali, J Olaf Kleist 19 Dec 2015
39 FMR 51 - A welcoming policy in post-socialist East Germany Apparently, East European countries are less willing to accept refugees than other European countries. Their experience of ethnic and cultural diversity is weak and a genuine welcome has still to be developed. Anna Steigemann, Frank Eckardt, Franziska Werner 19 Dec 2015
40 FMR 51 - Migration terminology matters Failure to employ correct terminology has consequences beyond semantics. More efforts are needed to educate people – especially those whose words are widely disseminated – in the correct use of migration-related terminology. Paola Pace, Kristi Severance 19 Dec 2015
41 FMR 51 - Separated and unaccompanied children in the EU A growing body of EU law, policy and practical measures address the situation of separated and unaccompanied children who arrive in the EU. Rebecca O’Donnell, Jyothi Kanics 19 Dec 2015
42 FMR 51 - Ukrainian asylum seekers and a Polish immigration paradox The recognition rate for Ukrainian asylum seekers in Poland remains at an extremely low level, with the concept of ‘internal flight alternative’ serving as the legal basis for rejection of many asylum applications. Marta Szczepanik, Ewelina Tylec 19 Dec 2015
43 FMR 51 - Removing ‘non-removables’ EU law and policy on non-removable irregular immigrants – such as unsuccessful asylum seekers who cannot be returned to their country of origin – have political and humanitarian consequences. Katharine T Weatherhead 19 Dec 2015
44 FMR 51 - Europe, don’t copy Australia Praise for Australia’s policy of turning away asylum seekers is misguided. Keeya-Lee Ayre 19 Dec 2015
45 FMR 51 - Europe and the future of international refugee policy There is new thinking – that European leaders should embrace – on how to promote long-term responses to the Syrian refugee crisis that protect and uphold human dignity. El Hassan bin Talal 19 Dec 2015
46 FMR 51 - Choice and preference in a matching market for refugees We propose a system that will at the same time give refugees choices and states control by ‘matching’ the preferences of each to the other’s. Will Jones, Alexander Teytelboym 19 Dec 2015
47 FMR 51 - Legal and practical issues raised by the movement of people across the Mediterranean States must deal with each other on a basis of equity and equality, rather than outmoded and unrealistic expectations of sovereign entitlement Guy S Goodwin-Gill 19 Dec 2015
48 FMR 51 - From Syria to Brazil Precisely because of the difficulties Syrians face in entering the EU, Brazil has opened up to them. Marília Calegari, Rosana Baeninger 19 Dec 2015
49 FMR 51 General - Economic reintegration of returnees in Liberia Since the early 2000s, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization has been implementing economic recovery programmes for returnees in certain post-conflict countries. Naohiko Omata, Noriko Takahashi 15 Dec 2015
50 FMR 51 General - Thirty years of development-induced displacement in China To accelerate the process of poverty reduction in its poorer regions, China decided in 2001 to implement a national programme of displacement of populations living in areas considered environmentally fragile. François Dubé 15 Dec 2015
51 FMR 51 General - Refugee Status Determination in Albania There are some shortcomings in Albania’s RSD despite the country’s efforts to develop its procedures in line with international standards. Xymena Dyduch 15 Dec 2015
52 FMR 51 General - The face of refugees Personal contact with refugees helps us not only to see the people behind the need but also to better understand the obstacles they face. Jesus Quintanilla Osorio 15 Dec 2015
53 FMR 51 General - Challenges to the right to work in Ecuador The right to work is important for refugees and asylum seekers – to support themselves, to facilitate local integration and to contribute to the host society. However, they often face obstacles in accessing work in host societies... Adeline Sozanski, Karina Sarmiento, Carlos Reyes 15 Dec 2015
54 RSC Special Seminars: Historical cross-border relocations in the Pacific Professor Jane McAdam focuses here on the relocation of the Banaban population from Ocean Island (previously one of the Gilbert & Ellice Islands, now Kiribati) to Rabi Island in Fiji after the Second World War. Jane McAdam 23 Jun 2015
55 Creative Commons FMR 49 - From the Editors An introductory note on FMR 49, 'Disasters and displacement in a changing climate', from the Editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 18 Jun 2015
56 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Forward In order to make progress on disasters, climate change and human mobility, it is essential to bring together different strands of the discussion to develop a comprehensive response that also anticipates future challenges associated with climate change. Børge Brende, Didier Burkhalter 18 Jun 2015
57 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts The Nansen Initiative consultative process has identified a toolbox of potential policy options to prevent, prepare for and respond to the challenges of cross-border displacement in disaster contexts, including the effects of climate change. Walter Kälin 18 Jun 2015
58 Creative Commons FMR 49 - National Adaptation Plans and human mobility In order to avoid displacement when possible, displacement and human mobility issues need to be better integrated within national and regional adaptation planning processes. Koko Warner, Walter Kälin, Susan Martin, Youssef Nassef 18 Jun 2015
59 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The state of the evidence Researchers have much to do, not only to understand climate- and disaster-induced migration but also to transmit their understanding for the use of policymakers and practitioners. Justin Ginnetti 18 Jun 2015
60 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru A movement of people is rarely explained by environmental or climatic factors alone. Therefore an analysis which does not take into consideration the cultural consequences of climate change for affected societies is incomplete. Geremia Cometti 18 Jun 2015
61 Creative Commons FMR 49 - An integrated focus The key to successfully addressing the challenges of environmental, climatic and natural disasters is integrating migration concerns – including displacement – into all climate change, disaster risk reduction and development policies and frameworks. William Lacy Swing 18 Jun 2015
62 Creative Commons FMR 49 - West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions West Africa has a very mobile population and high vulnerability to natural hazards. It also, however, has a number of regional cooperation agreements and may therefore be a useful testing ground for addressing cross-border disaster displacement. Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui, Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
63 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Development and displacement risks The impact of climate change induces systemic patterns of socio-economic erosion that also affect the dynamics of disaster displacement and that require parallel responses. Glaucia Boyer, Matthew McKinnon 18 Jun 2015
64 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Developing temporary protection in Africa Formalised temporary protection arrangements in Africa could significantly improve access to territory and human rights for people displaced across borders by disasters. Such arrangements must adhere to states’ existing protection obligations. Tamara Wood 18 Jun 2015
65 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Oman and Mongolia reflect the modern climatic and social challenges to mobile pastoral livelihoods. Dawn Chatty, Troy Sternberg 18 Jun 2015
66 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Preparing for planned relocation Preparing for planned relocation FMR 18 Jun 2015
67 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Placing contemporary deliberations about relocation within a longer historical and intellectual framework reveals unexpected connections and salutary lessons. Jane McAdam 18 Jun 2015
68 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Post-disaster resettlement programmes can be unsuitable and ineffective, often exacerbating the vulnerability of people to the effects of climate change. Gemma Sou 18 Jun 2015
69 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Global attention should place a primary focus on the application of best practice and the development of innovative initiatives to solve climate-related internal displacement, rather than on grappling with the far rarer movements of people across borders. Scott Leckie, Ezekiel Simperingham 18 Jun 2015
70 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Brazil’s draft law for environmental migrants Brazil is developing a long-term solution for filling a legislative gap affecting environmental migrants. Isabela Piacentini de Andrade 18 Jun 2015
71 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas There is a startling range of positive examples of national law, policy and practice all across the Americas that states have used to respond to the migratory consequences of disasters. David James Cantor 18 Jun 2015
72 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Predictable measures are needed to provide protection for people displaced across borders by disasters, where there is currently a gap. Volker Türk 18 Jun 2015
73 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Refugees, climate change and international law How can the category of ‘climate refugee’ be considered within international law in the 21st century? María José Fernández 18 Jun 2015
74 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Climate change mitigation policies and ‘green solutions’, such as biofuels, are also creating displacement. Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
75 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Statelessness and environmental displacement Stateless people and migrants are at greater risk of displacement and are less likely to receive assistance; in turn, environmental displacement (especially multiple migrations) heightens the risk of becoming stateless. Jessie Connell 18 Jun 2015
76 Creative Commons FMR 49 - A role for strategic litigation Strategic litigation to protect individuals at risk can usefully support higher-level protection initiatives. Matthew Scott 18 Jun 2015
77 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Residents’ strategies are generally aimed at either protection from or adaptation to flooding. Large-scale migration from the floodplains of rivers has not been seriously considered, even in high-risk zones. Robert Stojanov, Ilan Kelman, Barbora Duží 18 Jun 2015
78 Creative Commons FMR 49 - 'One Safe Future’ in the Philippines The Philippine government’s ‘One Safe Future’ programme relocated disaster-affected poor families in areas where structures enabling opportunities are lacking. Lloyd Ranque, Melissa Quetulio-Navarra 18 Jun 2015
79 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati The ‘migration with dignity’ policy is part of Kiribati’s long-term nation-wide relocation strategy. Karen E McNamara 18 Jun 2015
80 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific The adaptive characteristics of customary land systems deserve greater recognition in disaster or climate change policy frameworks. Daniel Fitzpatrick 18 Jun 2015
81 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Focusing on climate-induced migration, rather than mitigation, can be at odds with grassroots demands and can make the future uninhabitability of some Pacific Islands appear as a foregone conclusion. Hannah Fair 18 Jun 2015
82 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements The voices of scientists, academics, politicians and development practitioners dominate the climate change debate, yet local knowledge, values and beliefs are essential elements of navigating the way forward for affected communities. Ximena Flores-Palacios 18 Jun 2015
83 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Voluntary adaptive migration across int'l borders will be a critical component of an overall adaptation strategy for at-risk individuals and households in the Pacific in order to increase their resilience to natural hazards and prevent future displicement Bruce Burson, Richard Bedford 18 Jun 2015
84 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Integrating resilience in South Asia Communities can strengthen their resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and poverty reduction measures. Mi Zhou, Dorien Braam 18 Jun 2015
85 Creative Commons FMR 49 - “Everyone likes it here” Sea-level rise threatens communities of the Lakshadweep islands. But what happens when belongingness, religious beliefs and the identity of being an islander make them stay? Himani Upadhyay, Ilan Kelman, Divya Mohan 18 Jun 2015
86 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building adaptive capacity in Assam A starting point for adapting to longer-term climate change could be adaptation to short-term climate variability and extreme events. Making more informed choices about the use of remittances can enhance the adaptive capacity of receiving households. Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra 18 Jun 2015
87 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Many climate change-affected communities have already been using migration as a means to adapt to and withstand the challenges to their livelihoods and security. Strengthening of existing protections for all migrants is clearly advantageous. Jessica Marsh 18 Jun 2015
88 Creative Commons FMR 49 - One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’ The concept of ‘environmental refugees’, or ‘climate refugees’, has been progressively abandoned, as having no legal basis. I want to argue that there are good reasons to use the term. Francois Gemenne 18 Jun 2015
89 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Governance questions for the international community The Nansen Initiative has highlighted significant questions about how the international community should collectively think about displacement and mobility issues relating to natural disasters and climate change, and how to improve the governance thereof. Alexander Betts 18 Jun 2015
90 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building respectful solutions Tribes in coastal Alaska and Louisiana in the United States are among the communities at immediate risk of displacement due to climate change impacts. Colleen Swan, Chief Albert P Naquin, Stanley Tom 18 Jun 2015
91 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity The 30th anniversary of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration offers the opportunity to consider the achievements of the Cartagena process and the specific characteristics that make it so remarkable. Carlos Maldonado Castillo 18 Jun 2015
92 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Trafficking for human organs Trafficking of people for their organs is an emerging transnational crime that has failed to receive sufficient international attention. Vladimir Makei 18 Jun 2015
93 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Sweet tea and cigarettes: a taste of refugee life in Jordan Among refugees in Jordan, utter boredom – the result of restrictions on mobility, prohibitions on employment, and feelings of marginalisation – is an unmistakable source of anguish. Rana B Khoury 18 Jun 2015
94 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Distrust between refugees and their state of origin must be given due consideration in institutional approaches to repatriation of refugees, on the Thai-Burma border and in other refugee contexts worldwide. Karen Hargrave 18 Jun 2015
95 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Animals and forced migration Harm to animals resulting from forced migration of people is intricately interwoven with and contingent upon the simultaneous suffering of humans. Piers Beirne, Caitlin Kelty-Huber 18 Jun 2015
96 An afternoon on Syrian displacement, and protection in Europe (Part 2) This event marked the launch of the RSC Policy Briefing 'Protection in Europe for refugees from Syria' and Forced Migration Review issue 47 on 'The Syria crisis, displacement and protection' Dawn Chatty, Cynthia Orchard, Andrew Miller 08 Dec 2014
97 The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration studies [Book launch] Launch of the Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies. Seminar given on 15 October 2014 as part of the RSC Michaelmas term 2014 Public Seminar Series Gil Loescher, Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Guy S Goodwin-Gill, Kirsten McConnachie 08 Dec 2014
98 Creative Commons RSC 2014 Conference: Refugee Voices: Opening plenary – In search of solutions: refugees are doing it for themselves RSC 2014 Conference: Refugee Voices. Lecture by Dr Jeff Crisp (Refugees International) with an introduction by Professor Dawn Chatty, Director of the RSC. Recorded on 24 March 2014 at St Anne's College, University of Oxford. Jeff Crisp 19 May 2014
99 Creative Commons FMR 45 The potential role of a racial discrimination law in Myanmar Ethnic discrimination has long fuelled violence and displacement within Myanmar, especially in relation to people of Rohingya ethnicity who have been fleeing in their ‘tens of thousands’ in 2013 alone. Nathan Willis 07 Apr 2014
100 Creative Commons FMR 45 Disaster Law The impetus for new disaster response laws lies in the gaps that exist in the scope and geographic coverage of existing international law. Stefanie Haumer 07 Apr 2014