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forced migration review

# Episode Title Description People Date
301 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - Ensuring the rights of climate-displaced people in Bangladesh Five critical areas require urgent action with the threat of internal displacement as a result of climate change already severe and growing in Bangladesh. Prabal Barua, Mohammad Shahjahan, Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Syed Hafizur Rahman 22 Mar 2017
302 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - When money speaks: behind asylum seekers' consumption patterns Asylum seekers' consumption patterns. Jonathan Goh, Sophie Kurschner, Tina Esmail, Jonathan van Arneman 22 Mar 2017
303 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - Migrant, refugee or minor? It matters for children in Europe. The capacity of child-rights institutions and children’s services in many European countries needs to be strengthened considerably if governments are to meet their commitments to refugee and migrant children. Kevin Byrne 22 Mar 2017
304 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - Statelessness determination: the Swiss experience While a detailed law on statelessness determination is recommended by UNHCR and others, Swiss practice in statelessness determination has evolved without one. Karen Hamann 22 Mar 2017
305 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - Post-deportation risks for failed asylum seekers What happens to people who are deported after their asylum applications have failed? Many who are deported are at risk of harm when they return to their country of origin but there is little monitoring done of deportation outcomes. Jill Alpes, Charlotte Blondel, Nausicaa Preiss, Meritxell Sayos Monras 22 Mar 2017
306 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - Risks encountered after forced removal: the return experiences of young Afghans New research has documented the outcomes for young asylum seekers forcibly removed from the UK to Afghanistan. Emily Bowerman 16 Mar 2017
307 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - A grim return: post-deportation risks in Uganda Neither the UK nor Uganda monitors what happens during and after deportation by the UK of failed Ugandan asylum seekers, despite evidence of violence and grave abuses of individuals' human rights. Charity Ahumuza Onyoin 16 Mar 2017
308 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - The EU-Turkey deal: what happens to people who return to Turkey? People who return to Turkey under the EU-Turkey deal are detained and many risk onward deportation without access to legal aid and international protection. Sevda Tunaboylu, Jill Alpes 16 Mar 2017
309 FMR 53 - From the Editors This issue’s feature theme, ‘Local communities: first and last providers of protection’, looks at the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 12 Oct 2016
310 FMR 53 - Understanding and supporting community-led protection Supporting locally led protection strategies can significantly improve the impact of protection interventions. Nils Carstensen 12 Oct 2016
311 FMR 53 - Challenging the established order: the need to 'localise' protection The growing criticism of protection actors for neglecting indigenous coping strategies and capacities should prompt a radical, creative re-think of attitudes and approaches. Simon Russell 12 Oct 2016
312 FMR 53 - Women-led self-protection in Sudan In parts of Sudan, local NGOs and women’s groups have taken the lead in their own protection, and their considerable achievements have helped change the status of women in their communities. Nagwa Musa Konda, Leila Karim Tima Kodi, Nils Carstensen 12 Oct 2016
313 FMR 53 - This group is essential to our survival: urban refugees and community-based protection Nearly 60 percent of all refugees now live in cities, a trend that will continue as camps increasingly become an option of last resort. Jennifer S Rosenberg 12 Oct 2016
314 FMR 53 - Refugees as a first stop for protection in Kampala As Rwandan refugees in Kampala, I and others like me are uniquely placed to help newly arrived refugees find their feet in the city. The work is demanding but vital. Eugenie Mukandayisenga 12 Oct 2016
315 FMR 53 - Combatting dependency and promoting child protection in Rwanda Continuing dependence on aid that waxes and wanes with time and that comes largely from external sources can lead to feelings of powerlessness. It can furthermore undermine family- and community-based initiatives to protect children. Saeed Rahman, Simran Chaudhri, Lindsay Stark, Mark Canavera 12 Oct 2016
316 FMR 53 - Local action to protect communities in Nigeria Collaborative, creative initiatives in Nigeria helped protect local communities from much of the impact of Boko Haram violence. When international agencies arrived, however, they ignored these efforts. Margee Ensign 12 Oct 2016
317 FMR 53 - Refugees hosting refugees Acknowledging the widespread reality of ‘overlapping’ displacement provides an entry point to recognising and engaging with the agency of refugees and their diverse hosts in providing support and welcome to displaced people. Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh 12 Oct 2016
318 FMR 53 - Northern Uganda: protection in displacement, protection on return In the absence of international or state assistance and protection, community members in northern Uganda stepped in to fill this vacuum both during displacement and throughout the laborious return process following the conflict’s end. Denise Dunovant 12 Oct 2016
319 FMR 53 - Rethinking support for communities' self-protection strategies: a case study from Uganda Local communities will continue to find ways to address the risks that confront them with or without humanitarian support but the international community may be able to enhance these solutions. Jessica A Lenz 12 Oct 2016
320 FMR 53 - Rebuilding lives in Colombia A grassroots women’s organisation in Colombia is working to protect women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence, and to support the healing of survivors. Emese Kantor 12 Oct 2016
321 FMR 53 - Community-based protection: the ICRC approach The ICRC tries to ensure that its activities on behalf of IDPs and those at risk of displacement support, rather than undermine, communities’ and individuals’ self-protection mechanisms and coping strategies. Angela Cotroneo, Marta Pawlak 12 Oct 2016
322 FMR 53 - Networks and 'the right to the city' in Medellin, Colombia Collective action by displaced people in Medellin has been both diverse and strategic. Jonathan Alejandro Murcia, James Gilberto Granada Vahos 12 Oct 2016
323 FMR 53 - Effective community-based protection programming: lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo Oxfam’s work with local communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has prompted the organisation to develop guidance for themselves and for others working in similar situations. Richard Nunn 11 Oct 2016
324 FMR 53 - Community Liaison Assistants: a bridge between peacekeepers and local populations Community Liaison Assistants may be UN peacekeeping’s most effective instrument for community engagement, with the potential to play a critical role in the protection of civilians. Janosch Kullenberg 11 Oct 2016
325 FMR 53 - Refugee community development in New Delhi Recognising that process is as important as outcomes, a community development approach can be effective in supporting local communities as providers of first resort. Linda Bartolomei, Mari Hamidi, Nima Mohamed Mohamud, Kristy Ward 11 Oct 2016
326 FMR 53 - Community policing in Kakuma camp, Kenya Community policing has become a popular way of promoting local ownership of security in refugee camps in Kenya and more widely, but it can also fall victim to its ambivalent position at the intersection of refugee communities and state policing. Hanno Brankamp 11 Oct 2016
327 FMR 53 - The role of community centres in offering protection: UNHCR and Al Ghaith Association in Yemen Community centres play an important role in offering protection for displaced communities, particularly for members of those communities who have specific needs. Nicolas Martin-Achard, Al Ghaith Association 11 Oct 2016
328 FMR 53 - The role of cultural norms and local power structures in Yemen Community power structures and attitudes in Yemen are key factors in how IDPs can gain protection and assistance. Mohammed Al-Sabahi, Fausto Aarya De Santis 11 Oct 2016
329 FMR 53 - The role of community in refugee journeys to Europe For Eritreans and Syrians coming to Europe, community networks both encourage the initial decision to go and provide elements of support along the way. Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker 11 Oct 2016
330 FMR 53 - Integrating protection into disaster risk preparedness in the Dominican Republic Addressing protection as a key element of community-based disaster risk reduction and preparedness efforts is essential to safeguarding human rights in disaster and emergency settings. Andrea Verdeja 11 Oct 2016
331 FMR 53 - Filling the funding gap for community protection An initiative to help local communities build resilience against violent extremism may offer useful lessons in how to help local communities access funding to support their self-protection efforts. Khalid Koser, Amy Cunningham 11 Oct 2016
332 FMR 53 - Preparing for self-preservation External actors need a far deeper understanding of local communities’ experience of and strategies for self-protection, and a far greater commitment to support those communities. Casey Barrs 11 Oct 2016
333 FMR 53 General - Rethinking gender in the international refugee regime Currently the instruments of refugee status determination make asylum claims depend on images of women that are characterised by victimisation and motherhood. Megan Denise Smith 11 Oct 2016
334 FMR 53 General - Colombia: the peace process and solutions for forced migrants If, as seems likely, Colombia reaches a peace agreement to end its long internal conflict, the settlement may create the political and legal conditions to solve the phenomenon of forced migration of its citizens. Jeisson Oswaldo Martínez Leguízamo 11 Oct 2016
335 FMR 53 General - Statelessness and the refugee crisis in Europe The European Union needs to issue a Directive on common standards for statelessness determination procedures with a view to mitigating the particular impacts of statelessness in the context of the continuing refugee crisis in Europe. Katalin Berényi 11 Oct 2016
336 FMR 53 General - Refugee women as entrepreneurs in Australia The 'Stepping Stones to Small Business' programme in Australia is appreciated by participants but has shown that 'entrepreneurship' is a problematic concept in the context of women from refugee backgrounds. John van Kooy 11 Oct 2016
337 FMR 53 General - Power, politics and privilege: public health at the Thai-Burma border Power, politics and privilege: public health at the Thai-Burma border. Nikhil A Patel, Amos B Licthman, Mohit M Nair, Parveen K Parmar 11 Oct 2016
338 FMR 53 General - Humanitarian visas: building on Brazil's experience Brazil’s humanitarian visas are an important tool in complementary protection, offering legal pathways for forced migrants to reach a safer country. Liliana Lyra Jubilut, Camila Sombra Muiños de Andrade, André de Lima Madureira 11 Oct 2016
339 FMR 53 General - Engaging with innovation among refugees and IDPs Traditional humanitarian actors should develop mechanisms to support innovation by displaced people. Danielle Robinson 11 Oct 2016
340 FMR 53 General - South African midwives caring for immigrant and refugee women Over recent years South Africa has accepted many refugees and asylum seekers, among whom are women requiring maternity services. Mamokgadi Gloria Victoria Koneshe 11 Oct 2016
341 FMR 53 - FMR Reader Survey 2016: results and observations We are very grateful to the approximately 550 individuals who took the time to respond to our recent Reader Survey. FMR Online 11 Oct 2016
342 FMR 52 - From the Editors Our belief in the need for and the efficacy of humanitarian action is partly based on its actual effectiveness over the years in addressing the needs of, among others, forced migrants. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 15 Aug 2016
343 FMR 52 - Forced displacement: a development issue with humanitarian elements Now is the time to consolidate the shift towards full global recognition that the challenge of forced displacement is an integral part of the development agenda. Niels Harild 15 Aug 2016
344 FMR 52 - The reality of transitions Attempts to address the drivers of forced displacement and to provide sustainable solutions for refugees, IDPs and returnees need a more nuanced understanding of the drivers of violence and of war-to-peace transitions. Silvio Cordova 15 Aug 2016
345 FMR 52 - Forgotten people: former Liberian refugees in Ghana The viability of the ECOWAS integration scheme implemented as a solution for those Liberians who continued to stay in Ghana is seen to be limited. Naohiko Omata 15 Aug 2016
346 FMR 52 - Reflecting on Liberia and Sierra Leone In post-conflict Liberia and Sierra Leone, partnerships that were mutually supportive and that included the displaced themselves facilitated rapid and enduring results. J O Moses Okello 15 Aug 2016
347 FMR 52 - Peace in Colombia and solutions for its displaced people With the prospect of peace comes the need to find solutions for those displaced during 50 years of fighting. Martin Gottwald 15 Aug 2016
348 FMR 52 - A perspective from the World Bank The World Bank brings distinctive qualities to the role it can play in furthering the humanitarian to development transition and is significantly scaling up its engagement on forced displacement. Joanna de Berry 15 Aug 2016
349 FMR 52 - Humanitarian action and the transformation of gender relations There is value in creating space within a humanitarian response to invest in interventions that go beyond addressing the immediate risks and needs. Melinda Wells, Geeta Kuttiparambil 15 Aug 2016
350 FMR 52 - An age-sensitive approach to durable solutions Elderly people are likely to face specific constraints in displacement, yet the durable solutions devised by many states tend to follow a one-size-fits-all approach. Ana Mosneaga, Michaella Vanore 15 Aug 2016
351 FMR 52 - New aid architecture and resilience building around the Syria crisis The international community has been piloting an integrated humanitarian, development and government response to the crisis in the region of Syria. Gustavo Gonzalez 15 Aug 2016
352 FMR 52 - Development cooperation and addressing ‘root causes' Development has its place in dealing with the roots of displacement but it is not an alternative to important measures. Steffen Angenendt, Anne Koch, Amrei Meier 15 Aug 2016
353 FMR 52 - Labour mobility as part of the solution While refugee families lack access to work and struggle to survive, there are skills gaps around the world that could benefit from skilled refugees’ talents. Sayre Nyce, Mary Louise Cohen, Bruce Cohen 15 Aug 2016
354 FMR 52 - Palestinian professionals in Lebanon: an exception Palestine refugees in Lebanon, being classified as foreigners or migrants, suffer restrictions on their employment. Mahmoud Al-Ali 13 Jul 2016
355 FMR 52 - Doing business in Ecuador Engaging refugees in the economic development of Ecuador’s Esmeraldas Province would provide them with livelihoods and also combat the perception that they are a burden on society. Oscar M Sánchez Piñeiro, Regina Saavedra 13 Jul 2016
356 FMR 52 - The contribution of the private sector to solutions for displacement The Solutions Alliance is exploring ways of better engaging with the private sector to harness their capacity to turn displacement challenges into development opportunities. Glaucia Boyer, Yannick DuPont 13 Jul 2016
357 FMR 52 - Conceptual challenges and practical solutions in situations of internal displacement In situations of internal displacement, a variety of political, operational, ethical and practical challenges complicate our understanding and response and the adequate implementation of durable solutions. Chaloka Beyani, Natalia Krynsky Baal, Martina Caterina 12 Jul 2016
358 FMR 52 - Potential of protection capacity building to assist transition If protection capacity building is successful, it can contribute to establishing asylum systems that lead to local integration. Sarah Deardorff Miller, Julian Lehmann 12 Jul 2016
359 FMR 52 - Energy solutions with both humanitarian and development pay-offs Energy services are essential to the most basic human needs. Owen Grafham, Glada Lahn, Johanna Lehne 12 Jul 2016
360 FMR 52 - Uganda’s approach to refugee self-reliance Uganda has chosen inclusion over marginalisation; rather than coerce refugees into camps, Uganda upholds their rights to work, to attend school and to move freely. Kelly T Clements, Timothy Shoffner, Leah Zamore 12 Jul 2016
361 FMR 52 - Limitations of development-oriented assistance in Uganda In camp-like settlements, the aid provided by aid agencies with a development orientation can do little more than improve livelihood conditions. Ulrike Krause 12 Jul 2016
362 FMr 52 - Telling it like it is Oral histories provide a means to productively include forcibly displaced people in the work and practices of those looking for solutions for displacement crises. Tammi Sharpe, Elias Schneider 12 Jul 2016
363 FMR 52 - Somalia-Yemen links: refugees and returnees Many of the hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees to whom Yemen offered prima facie refugee status over the decades are having to return as a result of the fighting in Yemen. Maimuna Mohamud 12 Jul 2016
364 FMR 52 - A role for market analysis Securing refugees’ access to work opportunities would help to ameliorate the problems associated with a primarily humanitarian response. Diana Essex, Jessica Therkelsen, Anna Wirth 12 Jul 2016
365 FMR 52 - Family allowance extended to refugees in Brazil The Brazilian government has extended an allowance, which was created to assist poor Brazilian families, to refugees. Lilian Yamamoto 12 Jul 2016
366 FMr 52 - Transitional policies and durable solutions for displaced Kashmiri Pandits The continuation of the predicament of those who remain displaced from the Kashmir Valley since 1989 results from the unintended consequences of past policies. Sudha G Rajput 11 Jul 2016
367 FMR 52 - Gendered limits to the returnee village programme in Burundi Gender and kinship intersect with a variety of other important factors in differential experiences of return. Yolanda Weima 11 Jul 2016
368 FMR 52 - Naturalisation of Burundian refugees in Tanzania Tanzania’s offer of citizenship to some 200,000 refugees received international attention and support. Amelia Kuch 11 Jul 2016
369 FMR 52 - Displacement and development solutions in Tanzania Tanzania’s refugee integration could serve as a blueprint for expanding the framework of durable solutions globally. Erol Kekic, Harrison Mseke 11 Jul 2016
370 FMR 52 - Transitional solutions for the displaced in the Horn of Africa Refugees can contribute significantly to the economy of countries of refuge. Nassim Majidi, Saagarika Dadu-Brown 11 Jul 2016
371 FMR 52 - Repatriation and solutions in stabilisation contexts So-called stabilisation contexts are risky for repatriation and therefore it is especially important to maintain the legal and practical difference between mandatory and voluntary repatriation. Giulio Morello 11 Jul 2016
372 FMR 52 - Pathway to peaceful resolution in Myanmar's Rakhine State Loud nationalistic voices and powerful vested interests stand in the way of cooperation between the Rakhine and Muslim communities and solving displacement. Ronan Lee, Anthony Ware 11 Jul 2016
373 FMR 52 - Refugee-run organisations as partners in development Incorporating refugee-run organisations into development programmes. Evan Easton-Calabria 11 Jul 2016
374 FMR 52 - A new approach to old problems: the Solutions Alliance Over the last three years, the Solutions Alliance has gradually emerged as a multi-stakeholder initiative to overcome the so-called humanitarian-development divide. Alexander Betts 11 Jul 2016
375 FMR 52 General - What's going on in Nigeria? Huge numbers of people in Nigeria's north-east have been affected by poverty, environmental degradation and Boko Haram violence. Toby Lanzer 11 Jul 2016
376 FMR 52 General - The weakness of resettlement safeguards in mining It is questionable whether current planning practices can safeguard against the risks associated with displacement and resettlement. John R Owen, Deanna Kemp 11 Jul 2016
377 FMR 52 General - Causes and consequences of Canada's resettlement of Syrian refugees By the end of February 2016, Canada had fulfilled its promise to resettle 25,000 Syrian refugees. Anne-Marie Bélanger McMurdo 11 Jul 2016
378 FMR 52 General - Assisted Voluntary Return: implications for women and children Assisted Voluntary Return programmes often send women and children back to places of insecurity and uncertainty. Monica Encinas 11 Jul 2016
379 FMR 52 General - Psychosocial age assessments in the UK Poor age assessment procedures may have devastating consequences. Debbie Busler 07 Jul 2016
380 FMR 52 General - Sweden's U-turn on asylum Sweden's recent turnaround on asylum was triggered by various factors, including insufficient domestic preparedness and the humanitarian failures of other EU countries. Bernd Parusel 07 Jul 2016
381 FMR 52 General - Responding to LGBT forced migration in East Africa Following the passage of Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Act in December 2013, hundreds of LGBT individuals fled to Kenya seeking safety. Gitta Zomorodi 07 Jul 2016
382 FMR 52 General - The legal status of Iraqi refugees in neighbouring countries There is little protection and assistance available for Iraqi refugees in neighbouring countries, especially as these countries are predominantly non-signatories to the 1951 Refugee Convention. It is consequently hard for refugees to support themselves. Mohammad Abbas Mohsen 16 Jun 2016
383 FMR 52 General - Imprisonment and deportation of Iraqi refugees in Lebanon A non-signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention, Lebanon does not grant refugee status to Iraqis, many of whom end up spending long periods of time in detention. Qusay Tariq Al-Zubaidi 16 Jun 2016
384 FMR 52 General - Communication of information on the Thai-Burma border Communication of information has emerged as a particular concern for camp residents in Thailand since discussions about repatriation gained momentum in the past few years. Victoria Jack 16 Jun 2016
385 FMR 52 General - We have, I believe, won acceptance for the argument From a statement made to the United Nations General Assembly, 20 November 1967. Sadruddin Aga Khan 15 Jun 2016
386 FMR 50 - From the Editors An introductory note on FMR 50, 'Dayton + 20: twenty years on from the Dayton Agreement in the Balkans', from the Editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 01 Sep 2015
387 FMR 50 - Foreword: Addressing the legacy of violence The aim of creating ethnically homogeneous statelets was curbed at Dayton but the dominance of ethnic politics was not. Valentin Inzko 01 Sep 2015
388 FMR 50 - Annex 7: why are we still discussing it? Annex 7 to the Dayton Peace Agreement was designed to address the displacement of 2.2 million people during the Bosnian war of 1992-95. Its job is not yet done. María del Pilar Valledor Álvarez 01 Sep 2015
389 FMR 50 - Political and social consequences of continuing displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina Twenty years after Dayton, failures to facilitate effective refugee and IDP return have had a social and political impact at both community and state level. Lana Pašić 01 Sep 2015
390 FMR 50 - Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 years on from Dayton The coming two-and-a-half years represent what is possibly the last window of opportunity to accomplish what the Dayton Peace Agreement’s Annex 7 set out to achieve. Andrew Mayne 01 Sep 2015
391 FMR 50 - Resolving a protracted refugee situation through a regional process Despite its shortcomings, the Regional Process in the Western Balkans offers a number of lessons for resolving protracted refugee situations. Olga Mitrovic 01 Sep 2015
392 FMR 50 - Voices in displacement “These people are as if lost in time and space.” Still displaced after 20 years, residents of collective centres in Bosnia and Herzegovina share their frustration. They need to be listened to. Claudia Meyerhoefer 01 Sep 2015
393 FMR 50 - Property rights and reconstruction in the Bosnian return process Sidelining a rights-based approach in the area of property restitution and reconstruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina resulted in an unequal impact on rural versus urban displaced populations. Inmaculada Serrano 01 Sep 2015
394 FMR 50 - Resolving protracted displacement through social housing A social housing methodology recently introduced in Bosnia and Herzegovina illustrates the need for certain key components in any strategy to address the shelter and livelihoods needs of vulnerable citizens. Marc D’Silva, Sanela Imamovic 01 Sep 2015
395 FMR 50 - Asking the right questions in research on psychosocial well-being New research is attempting to address the lack of empirical grounding for much of the psychosocial programming in post-war trauma in the Western Balkans. Selma Porobic 01 Sep 2015
396 FMR 50 - Wartime division in peacetime schools An ethnically divided educational system in Bosnia and Herzegovina continues to limit the sustainable return of those displaced by the war, and to hamper reconciliation and the reconstruction of society. Valery Perry 01 Sep 2015
397 FMR 50 - Their last name is ‘refugee’: return and local activism Sustainable refugee return can only take place in Bosnia and Herzegovina when ordinary people and human rights activists are included as full participants in the recovery process. Peter Lippman 01 Sep 2015
398 FMR 50 - Human rights shortcomings of the Dayton Peace Agreement When a peace agreement guarantees the rights of certain groups but not all, limitations to the enjoyment of human rights are inevitable. LIsbeth Pilegaard, Jasminka Dzumhur 01 Sep 2015
399 FMR 50 - If women are left out of peace talks The exclusion of women from the process of making peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina has diminished the prospects for sustainable peace. When will we learn that no peace can be sustainable and just without the active and meaningful participation of women? Gorana Mlinarević, Nela Porobić Isaković, Madeleine Rees 01 Sep 2015
400 FMR 50 - Interpretations of Annex 7: assessing the impact on non-returnees in the UK Emphasising the crucial role of refugee returns to the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina risks minimising the agency of those who choose not to exercise their rights under Annex 7. Gayle Munro 01 Sep 2015