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Syrians in displacement (Forced Migration Review 57)

With 2018 marking the 7th anniversary of the Syrian conflict, this issue of FMR explores new insights and continuing challenges relating to the displacement of millions of Syrians both internally and in neighbouring countries. What we learn from responses to this large-scale, multi-faceted displacement is also relevant to other situations of displacement beyond as well as within the Middle East. FMR 57 contains 27 articles on ‘Syrians in displacement’, plus six ‘general’ articles on other topics. See more at: www.fmreview.org/syria2018

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 57 - From the editors This issue therefore focuses – as did the 2014 issue – on displacement from and within Syria. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 05 Mar 2018
2 FMR 57 - Foreword: Syria in 2018 – in search of solutions This important issue of Forced Migration Review draws our attention to the current challenges facing displaced Syrians and the continuing search for solutions. Noor Al Hussein 05 Mar 2018
3 FMR 57 - Protecting the dignity of displaced Syrians What does dignity mean to Syrian refugees and practitioners? And what can humanitarian organisations do – or abstain from doing – to help Syrians preserve and protect their dignity? Kholoud Mansour 05 Mar 2018
4 FMR 57 - One camp, three refugee groups: challenges for local NGOs Local non-governmental organisations in Lebanon's Bourj al-Barajneh camp face challenges in responding to the complex needs of three different refugee groups. Olfat Mahmoud, Rebecca Roberts 05 Mar 2018
5 FMR 57 - Refugee-led humanitarianism in Lebanon's Shatila camp Refugee-led humanitarian initiatives by 'established' Palestinian refugees in response to the arrival of 'new' displaced Syrians to Shatila camp raise key questions. Hind Sharif 05 Mar 2018
6 FMR 57 - The role of municipalities in ensuring stability Responses to crises in Lebanon's Beka'a region in 2017 show that refugee-hosting municipalities can be a pillar of peaceful coexistence and must be supported. Josep Zapater 05 Mar 2018
7 FMR 57 - Competing security and humanitarian imperatives in the Berm Approximately 60,000 Syrians are trapped in 'the Berm', a desolate area on the Syria-Jordan border. When security concerns are prioritised over humanitarian needs and aid agencies turn to militant groups to deliver aid, the consequences can be deplorable. Charles Simpson 05 Mar 2018
8 FMR 57 - Categorising Syrians in Lebanon as 'vulnerable' Vulnerability assessments are used by humanitarian actors to identify those at greater risk of harm but their use in the response to displaced Syrians in Lebanon is problematic. Maja Janmyr, Lama Mourad 28 Feb 2018
9 FMR 57 - Rethinking the lessons from Za'atari refugee camp Humanitarian efforts to build a model refugee camp when constructing Azraq camp in Jordan – drawing on what was supposed to have been learned in Za'atari camp – missed crucial aspects of Za'atari's governance. Melissa N Gatter 28 Feb 2018
10 FMR 57 - The neglected health needs of older Syrian refugees in Jordan In Jordan, the specific health needs of older Syrian refugees tend to be overlooked, due in part to a lack of data, institutional biases and the nature of the humanitarian response. Sigrid Lupieri 28 Feb 2018
11 FMR 57 - The importance of social capital in protracted displacement We hope to generate discussion about ways to further tailor assessments, targeting and programming in this and other situations of protracted displacement. Ana Uzelac, Jos Meester, Markus Goransson, Willem van den Berg 28 Feb 2018
12 FMR 57 - From vulnerability to resilience: improving humanitarian response Lessons from responses to the Syrian displacement crisis can inform broader discussions on how to build responses that better address vulnerability, support resilience and include displaced women, children and young people in all their diversity. Emma Pearce, Boram Lee 28 Feb 2018
13 FMR 57 - Syrian refugees: thinking beyond gender stereotypes The dominant gender narratives among NGOs responding to Syrian refugees, and their subsequent interventions, are based on sometimes simplistic understandings of the ‘traditional’ Syrian household and power dynamics. Michelle Lokot 28 Feb 2018
14 FMR 57 - How migration to Europe affects those left behind Families are frequently separated as a result of migration and displacement from the Middle East to Europe, yet humanitarian aid is often difficult to access and insufficient to meet the needs of those left behind. Megan Passey 28 Feb 2018
15 FMR 57 - Peace education and psychosocial support for social cohesion Evidence from psychosocial support-based peace education work with young displaced Syrians shows that addressing trauma is critical in overcoming psychological barriers to social cohesion. Ruth Simpson 28 Feb 2018
16 FMR 57 - Private sector engagement in refugee education The involvement of the private sector in providing education for Syrian refugees has much to commend it but greater consideration needs to be paid to the ethical and practical concerns that may arise. Zeena Zakharia, Francine Menashy 28 Feb 2018
17 FMR 57 - Caring for male and LGBTI sexual violence survivors: learning from local organisations Local organisations responding to the Syrian humanitarian crisis are at the forefront of providing care for both male and LGBTI survivors of sexual violence. Sarah Chynoweth 28 Feb 2018
18 FMR 57 - Child marriage in Jordan: breaking the cycle In seeking to combat the growing phenomenon of child marriage among Syrian refugees, it is vital to engage the whole range of actors involved, and to recognise that girls and boys have the capacity to address this issue in their own communities. Georgia Swan 28 Feb 2018
19 FMR 57 - Expanding economic opportunities in protracted displacement Welcome progress has been made towards realising commitments made by international donors and host country governments to expand economic opportunities for Syrian refugees and host communities in neighbouring countries. Miki Takahashi, Michael Moroz, Jonathan Peters, Jason Pronyk 27 Feb 2018
20 FMR 57 - Learning from the Jordan Compact Analysis of the implementation of the Jordan Compact offers three key lessons: governmental approval is important but not sufficient, the incorporation of critical voices is crucial, meeting numeric targets is not the same as achieving underlying goals. Katharina Lenner, Lewis Turner 27 Feb 2018
21 FMr 57 - Designing refugee compacts: lessons from Jordan Analysis of progress to date under the Jordan Compact highlights a number of shortcomings that need to be addressed if the model is to be used effectively elsewhere. Cindy Huang, Nazanin Ash, Katelyn Gough, Lauren Post 27 Feb 2018
22 FMR 57 - Turkey: between hospitality and hostility Recent political developments and changes in Turkey’s asylum law have had a significantly injurious impact on the safety and legal certainty of refugees in Turkey. Margarite Helena Zoeteweij-Turhan 27 Feb 2018
23 FMR 57 - Refugee youth, unemployment and extremism: countering the myth Refugee youth unemployment has been linked to increased risk of extremism and/or exploitation. Research indicates, however, that unemployment is just one of many factors triggering frustration among young refugees. Drew Mikhael, Julie Norman 27 Feb 2018
24 FMR 57 - Establishing legal identity for displaced Syrians Seven years of conflict have had a serious detrimental effect on many Syrians' ability to prove their legal identity. Martin Clutterbuck, Laura Cunial, Paola Barsanti, Tina Gewis 27 Feb 2018
25 FMR 57 - When is return voluntary? Conditions of asylum in Lebanon The decision of Syrian refugees in Lebanon to return to Syria must not be based on a deteriorating quality of asylum that creates physical, social and material pressures on decisions to return. Amy Keith, Nour Shawaf 27 Feb 2018
26 FMR 57 - Balancing the rights of displaced, returning and remaining populations: learning from Iraq The return of some 3.1 million IDPs in Iraq to their places of origin is seen as a benchmark of success in the aftermath of the recent civil war. However, the situation is complex. Nadia Siddiqui 27 Feb 2018
27 FMR 57 - Property restitution in post-conflict Syria Although restitution of property should underpin any post-conflict agreement, in Syria this will be a complex exercise. Adherence to the UN’s Pinheiro Principles will be critical. Martin Clutterbuck 27 Feb 2018
28 FMR 57 - Perspectives on the return of Syrian refugees There are many reasons why discussions about the imminent return of large numbers of Syrian refugees are premature. Leïla Vignal 27 Feb 2018
29 FMr 57 General - A vision for restitution in Myanmar People displaced in Myanmar during decades of civil conflict, as well as more recently displaced persons, need accessible legal pathways and assistance to regain access to their land and properties. José Arraiza, Scott Leckie 27 Feb 2018
30 FMr 57 General - The Gambia: a haven for refugees? Although not usually thought of as a haven of refugee protection, the Gambia has a fairly sizeable refugee population and some sophisticated legal frameworks and protection mechanisms. Franzisca Zanker 27 Feb 2018
31 FMR 57 General - Enhancing the protection of women and girls through the Global Compact on Refugees The consultative process involved in drafting the Global Compact on Refugees presents an ideal opportunity to ensure that gender equality is integral to this new international policy framework. Eileen Pittaway, Linda Bartolomei 27 Feb 2018
32 FMr 57 General - Italy’s 'Zampa' law: increasing protection for unaccompanied children Italy has enacted comprehensive legislation to protect the rights of unaccompanied children arriving in Italy. Joseph Lelliott 27 Feb 2018
33 FMR 57 General - Voluntary immobility: indigenous voices in the Pacific Indigenous people of the Pacific are increasingly expressing a preference to stay on their lands for cultural and spiritual reasons, even in the face of significant deterioration in health and livelihoods associated with climate change. Carol Farbotko 27 Feb 2018
34 FMR 57 General - The role of civil society in Hong Kong Local organisations can significantly assist with service provision, integration and advocacy. Roy Njuabe 27 Feb 2018