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displacement

# Episode Title Description People Date
101 Creative Commons FMR 49 - A role for strategic litigation Strategic litigation to protect individuals at risk can usefully support higher-level protection initiatives. Matthew Scott 18 Jun 2015
102 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Residents’ strategies are generally aimed at either protection from or adaptation to flooding. Large-scale migration from the floodplains of rivers has not been seriously considered, even in high-risk zones. Robert Stojanov, Ilan Kelman, Barbora Duží 18 Jun 2015
103 Creative Commons FMR 49 - 'One Safe Future’ in the Philippines The Philippine government’s ‘One Safe Future’ programme relocated disaster-affected poor families in areas where structures enabling opportunities are lacking. Lloyd Ranque, Melissa Quetulio-Navarra 18 Jun 2015
104 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati The ‘migration with dignity’ policy is part of Kiribati’s long-term nation-wide relocation strategy. Karen E McNamara 18 Jun 2015
105 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific The adaptive characteristics of customary land systems deserve greater recognition in disaster or climate change policy frameworks. Daniel Fitzpatrick 18 Jun 2015
106 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Focusing on climate-induced migration, rather than mitigation, can be at odds with grassroots demands and can make the future uninhabitability of some Pacific Islands appear as a foregone conclusion. Hannah Fair 18 Jun 2015
107 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements The voices of scientists, academics, politicians and development practitioners dominate the climate change debate, yet local knowledge, values and beliefs are essential elements of navigating the way forward for affected communities. Ximena Flores-Palacios 18 Jun 2015
108 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Voluntary adaptive migration across int'l borders will be a critical component of an overall adaptation strategy for at-risk individuals and households in the Pacific in order to increase their resilience to natural hazards and prevent future displicement Bruce Burson, Richard Bedford 18 Jun 2015
109 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Integrating resilience in South Asia Communities can strengthen their resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and poverty reduction measures. Mi Zhou, Dorien Braam 18 Jun 2015
110 Creative Commons FMR 49 - “Everyone likes it here” Sea-level rise threatens communities of the Lakshadweep islands. But what happens when belongingness, religious beliefs and the identity of being an islander make them stay? Himani Upadhyay, Ilan Kelman, Divya Mohan 18 Jun 2015
111 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building adaptive capacity in Assam A starting point for adapting to longer-term climate change could be adaptation to short-term climate variability and extreme events. Making more informed choices about the use of remittances can enhance the adaptive capacity of receiving households. Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra 18 Jun 2015
112 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Many climate change-affected communities have already been using migration as a means to adapt to and withstand the challenges to their livelihoods and security. Strengthening of existing protections for all migrants is clearly advantageous. Jessica Marsh 18 Jun 2015
113 Creative Commons FMR 49 - One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’ The concept of ‘environmental refugees’, or ‘climate refugees’, has been progressively abandoned, as having no legal basis. I want to argue that there are good reasons to use the term. Francois Gemenne 18 Jun 2015
114 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Governance questions for the international community The Nansen Initiative has highlighted significant questions about how the international community should collectively think about displacement and mobility issues relating to natural disasters and climate change, and how to improve the governance thereof. Alexander Betts 18 Jun 2015
115 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building respectful solutions Tribes in coastal Alaska and Louisiana in the United States are among the communities at immediate risk of displacement due to climate change impacts. Colleen Swan, Chief Albert P Naquin, Stanley Tom 18 Jun 2015
116 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity The 30th anniversary of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration offers the opportunity to consider the achievements of the Cartagena process and the specific characteristics that make it so remarkable. Carlos Maldonado Castillo 18 Jun 2015
117 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Trafficking for human organs Trafficking of people for their organs is an emerging transnational crime that has failed to receive sufficient international attention. Vladimir Makei 18 Jun 2015
118 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Distrust between refugees and their state of origin must be given due consideration in institutional approaches to repatriation of refugees, on the Thai-Burma border and in other refugee contexts worldwide. Karen Hargrave 18 Jun 2015
119 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Animals and forced migration Harm to animals resulting from forced migration of people is intricately interwoven with and contingent upon the simultaneous suffering of humans. Piers Beirne, Caitlin Kelty-Huber 18 Jun 2015
120 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Humanitarian innovation, humanitarian renewal? The continued evolution of the humanitarian innovation concept needs a critical engagement with how this agenda interacts with previous and contemporary attempts to improve humanitarian action. Kristin Bergtora Sandvik 12 Jan 2015
121 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation and new ways of working across sectors Humanitarian actors will have to adapt to a changing world but it will not be easy or straightforward. Operations are changing as a result of innovations which bring many improvements but also throw up challenges. Erik Abild 12 Jan 2015
122 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation for equity in Lebanon Innovative approaches in Lebanon aim to address, in two very different ways, the particular needs of the most vulnerable among the refugee and host populations. Luciano Calestini 12 Jan 2015
123 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation and refugee livelihoods: a historical perspective It is difficult to speak convincingly of ‘new’ or innovative practices towards refugees, especially in refugee livelihoods assistance, while there remains a significant gap in historical knowledge and institutional memory. Evan Elise Easton-Calabria 12 Jan 2015
124 An afternoon on Syrian displacement, and protection in Europe (Part 2) This event marked the launch of the RSC Policy Briefing 'Protection in Europe for refugees from Syria' and Forced Migration Review issue 47 on 'The Syria crisis, displacement and protection' Dawn Chatty, Cynthia Orchard, Andrew Miller 08 Dec 2014
125 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Entrepreneurship and innovation by refugees in Uganda In order to make a living, refugees have to be innovative, and refugees in Uganda have contributed tremendously to entrepreneurship and innovation in the country. Robert Hakiza 08 Dec 2014
126 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Resettlement and livelihoods innovation in the US Conversations with multiple stakeholders in the US help to highlight barriers to economic self-sufficiency for resettled refugees and opportunities for innovative approaches. Faith Nibbs 08 Dec 2014
127 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - UNHCR Ideas: an online platform for change ‘UNHCR Ideas’ aims to enable collaborative problem solving and idea generation among an online community. Alice Bosley 08 Dec 2014
128 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Technology, production and partnership innovation in Uganda Since 2007 a partnership between UNHCR, the Government of Uganda and ‘MakaPads’ inventor Moses Musaazi has helped provide affordable sanitary pads for thousands of refugee girls and women. Moses Musaazi 08 Dec 2014
129 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Learning curves and collaboration in reconceiving refugee settlements A collaboration between UNHCR, Ennead Architects and Stanford University uses settlement design to promote innovation and further development in the refugee protection model but collaborators initially face a steep learning curve. Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, Aparna Surendra 02 Dec 2014
130 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation: what, why and how for a UN organisation The purpose of innovation is to make humanitarian work more effective and more reflective. We do innovation to improve human lives by doing things better. Innovation, for UNHCR, is a humanitarian imperative to be carried out with partners. T Alexander Aleinikoff 02 Dec 2014
131 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Introduction: refugees and innovation Doing innovation well presents challenges for how we can work better together as organisations and with displaced people, and how we can break down traditional barriers between actors – all while upholding ethical principles and protection standards. Alexander Betts 02 Dec 2014
132 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - From the editors From the editors Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 02 Dec 2014
133 Creative Commons FMR 47 Mobility as a solution Not all those who have gone to Syria's neighbours are registered, nor do all of these people regard themselves as refugees Lucas Oesch 02 Dec 2014
134 Creative Commons FMR 47 How the crisis is altering women’s roles in Syria The significance of women as both distributors and recipients has been pivotal to the implementation of humanitarian assistance but also points to the burgeoning of a new social dynamic that has come about as a result of the upheaval caused by the war. Zerene Haddad 02 Dec 2014
135 Creative Commons FMR 47 The inside story: internal displacement in Syria With IDPs currently constituting two-thirds of those uprooted by the conflict, the ‘inside story’ of displacement in Syria requires much greater attention. Erin Mooney 02 Dec 2014
136 Creative Commons FMR 47 The mental health of Syrian refugee children and adolescents Mental health services can be key to restoring basic psychological functioning and to supporting resilience and positive coping strategies for children, adolescents and adults. Leah James, Annie Sovcik, Ferdinand Garoff, Reem Abbasi 02 Dec 2014
137 Creative Commons FMR 47 The vulnerability of Palestinian refugees from Syria While Syrian nationals may eventually return to their home country, the future for Palestinians from Syria is increasingly uncertain. Meanwhile they are more vulnerable, and treated worse, than most other refugees from the Syrian conflict. Leah Morrison 02 Dec 2014
138 Creative Commons FMR 47 The impact of displacement on disabled, injured and older Syrian refugees In contexts of displacement it is critical to recognise that some groups in the population may require specific attention. Awareness of these needs has major consequences for the types of services required, and the way they are delivered. Marcus Skinner 02 Dec 2014
139 Creative Commons FMR 47 Gender, conscription and protection, and the war in Syria The struggles endured by men who remain inside Syria and the obstacles faced by others who choose to remove themselves from the fighting by fleeing the country demonstrate a need to redefine classic conceptions of vulnerability. Rochelle Davis, Abbie Taylor, Emma Murphy 02 Dec 2014
140 Creative Commons FMR 47 If Israel accepted Syrian refugees and IDPs in the Golan Heights Could re-opening the Golan Heights to Syrians displaced by the conflict be a beneficial option for those fleeing the Syrian conflict and for Israel’s relations with its north-eastern neighbour? Crystal Plotner 02 Dec 2014
141 Creative Commons FMR 47 For beneficiary-led protection programming in Jordan Despite the humanitarian community’s clear focus on addressing the protection concerns of displaced Syrians, in Jordan the beneficiaries of many protection programmes have had limited influence on the shape of the protection response to date. Sinead McGrath 02 Dec 2014
142 Creative Commons FMR 47 A duty and a burden on Jordan It is important to Jordan both that it protects its national identity and maintains its cultural obligations, and that it faces up to its humanitarian obligations. Saleh Al-Kilani 02 Dec 2014
143 Creative Commons FMR 47 Protection challenges of mobility It is easy to say that people fleeing Syria should stay in camps or satellite cities but people move on for a variety of reasons, and programmes and services must adapt to assist them. Melissa Phillips, Kathrine Starup 02 Dec 2014
144 Creative Commons FMR 47 Refugee by association Many Syrians, even when they have not been individually singled out, meet the refugee criteria on the grounds of being at risk of persecution because of a perceived association, in the broadest sense, with one of the parties to the conflict. Blanche Tax 02 Dec 2014
145 Creative Commons FMR 47 Limited legal status for refugees from Syria in Lebanon Having limited legal status has direct negative consequences for Syrian refugees’ access to protection and assistance during their stay in Lebanon. Limited legal status also increases the risks of abuse and exploitation. Dalia Aranki, Olivia Kalis 02 Dec 2014
146 Creative Commons FMR 47 Coping strategies among self-settled Syrians in Lebanon Refugees in Lebanon prefer living outside camps, where they can influence their situation. Cathrine Thorleifsson 02 Dec 2014
147 Creative Commons FMR 47 Refugee activists’ involvement in relief effort in Lebanon A cadre of educated middle-class Syrian refugees dedicated to improving conditions for Syrians at home and in Lebanon are building a civil society in exile but face obstacles to consolidating their presence and becoming more effective. Frances Topham Smallwood 02 Dec 2014
148 Creative Commons FMR 47 The role of host communities in north Lebanon Research conducted in Akkar, north Lebanon, suggests that the role played by the host community demonstrates good local capacity which should be built on to encourage further civic engagement and empowerment. Helen Mackreath 02 Dec 2014
149 Creative Commons FMR 47 Syrians contributing to Kurdish economic growth The circumstances for both successful livelihoods programming for refugees and for contributing to the local economy are present in the Kurdish region of Iraq. Anubha Sood, Louisa Seferis 02 Dec 2014
150 Creative Commons FMR 47 The refugee crisis in Lebanon and Jordan: the need for economic development spending The most effective way to tackle the Syrian refugee crisis is for neighbouring states to assume a leading role in development spending, infrastructure upgrading and job creation, particularly in the most underdeveloped regions of those countries. Omar Dahi 02 Dec 2014
151 Creative Commons FMR 47 Development and protection challenges of the Syrian refugee crisisf The Syria Regional Response Plan 6 (RRP6) 2014 provides an increased focus on early recovery, social cohesion interventions and a transition from assistance to development-led interventions, alongside the continuing large-scale humanitarian assistance. Roger Zetter, Heloise Ruaudel 02 Dec 2014
152 Creative Commons FMR 47 Foreword: the inheritance of loss As the civil war in Syria drags on, the scale of displacement continues to increase. While the crisis may be prolonged, refugees and IDPs need support now for their protection, their recovery, and both their immediate and their long-term prospects. Nigel Fisher 02 Dec 2014
153 Creative Commons FMR 47 From the Editors From the Editors Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 02 Dec 2014
154 Migration and revolution (The Arab Uprisings – Part 3) Part 3 of 3 of a series of podcasts from the special workshop 'The Arab Uprisings: Displacement and Migration', held at the Oxford Department of International Development on 16 May 2014 Nando Sigona, Nicholas Van Hear, Philip Marfleet, Marta Bellingreri 14 Aug 2014
155 Creative Commons Migration, transnationalism and social change (The Arab Uprisings – Part 2) Part 2 of 3 of a series of podcasts from the special workshop 'The Arab Uprisings: Displacement and Migration', held at the Oxford Department of International Development on 16 May 2014 Oliver Bakewell, Helene Thiollet, Nadia Bouras, Giulia Breda 14 Aug 2014
156 The Syrian Crisis (The Arab Uprisings – Part 1) Part 1 of 3 of a series of podcasts from the special workshop 'The Arab Uprisings: Displacement and Migration', held at the Oxford Department of International Development on 16 May 2014 Dawn Chatty, Madeline V Garlick, Meltem Ineli Ciger 14 Aug 2014
157 Creative Commons FMR 46 Enhancing security of land tenure for IDPs The case of Maslakh in western Afghanistan is an example of translating Afghanistan’s new IDP Policy into reality. Shobha Rao, Jan Turkstra 11 Jun 2014
158 Creative Commons FMR 46 Anchoring return: the role of the Solutions Strategy Providing a minimum standard of living and livelihood opportunities to help anchor those who have returned is critical for the future stability and security of Afghanistan. Pierfrancesco Maria Natta 11 Jun 2014
159 Creative Commons FMR 46 Continuing conflict, continuing displacement in southern Afghanistan With fighting and insecurity likely to remain dominant features of Afghanistan’s landscape in the immediate future, displacement will continue to ebb and flow. Rahmatullah Amiri 11 Jun 2014
160 Creative Commons FMR 46 From the editors From the editors Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 11 Jun 2014
161 Creative Commons RSC 2014 Conference: Refugee Voices: Opening plenary – In search of solutions: refugees are doing it for themselves RSC 2014 Conference: Refugee Voices. Lecture by Dr Jeff Crisp (Refugees International) with an introduction by Professor Dawn Chatty, Director of the RSC. Recorded on 24 March 2014 at St Anne's College, University of Oxford. Jeff Crisp 19 May 2014
162 Creative Commons FMR 45 Connecting and communicating after Typhoon Haiyan In the first month of the Typhoon Haiyan response, one of the priorities facing the international community was to re-establish internet connectivity in order to facilitate information sharing and the provision of assistance. Mariko Hall, Adam Ashcroft 07 Apr 2014
163 Creative Commons FMR 45 Dictatorships, refugees and reparation in the Southern Cone of Latin America Since the return of democracy to Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay there has been particular recognition of forced displacement within the framework of reparations for the abuses suffered under dictatorial governments. Juan Pablo Terminiello 07 Apr 2014
164 Creative Commons FMR 45 Translating global education standards to local contexts Global standards such as the Education in Emergencies Minimum Standards need to be applied locally and this requires a thoughtful and committed contextualisation process. Carine Allaf, Tzvetomira Laub, Arianna Sloat 07 Apr 2014
165 Creative Commons FMR 45 Regionalism: a strategy for dealing with crisis migration Regional solutions are becoming a strategic tool in dealing with the lack of globally agreed protection for crisis migrants. Liliana Lyra Jubilut, Erika Pires Ramos 07 Apr 2014
166 Creative Commons FMR 45 Nuclear disasters and displacement The lessons of the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011 seem to be the same as those from Chernobyl 25 years earlier, despite the different political settings. Silva Meybatyan 07 Apr 2014
167 Creative Commons FMR 45 New Orleans: a lesson in post-disaster resilience Factors that foster social cohesion in communities – such as shared long-term networks and community identity, central organisation to which the community adheres, and established trust – have been identified as critical for post-disaster resilience. Paul Kadetz 07 Apr 2014
168 Creative Commons FMR 45 Non-citizens caught up in situations of conflict, violence and disaster When non-citizens are caught up in humanitarian crises, they can be as vulnerable to displacement, and suffer its consequences as acutely, as citizens. Khalid Koser 07 Apr 2014
169 Creative Commons FMR 45 Health crises and migration Individual and collective responses to health crises contribute to an orderly public health response that most times precludes the need for large-scale displacements. Michael Edelstein, David Heymann, Khalid Koser 07 Apr 2014
170 Creative Commons FMR 45 Rising waters, displaced lives Although Pakistan and Colombia have relatively advanced disaster management frameworks, they were unprepared and ill-equipped to assist and protect people displaced by recent floods. Lindsey Brickle, Alice Thomas 07 Apr 2014
171 Creative Commons FMR 45 Mexico: from the Guiding Principles to national responsibilities on the rights of IDPs The Mexican government needs facts and figures on internal displacement and then to mobilise national institutions to design appropriate responses. Fernando Batista Jiménez 07 Apr 2014
172 Creative Commons FMR 45 Criminal violence and displacement in Mexico Rampant criminal violence, from direct coercion and physical threats to the erosion of the quality of life and livelihood opportunities, pushes people to move in a variety of ways. Sebastián Albuja 07 Apr 2014
173 Creative Commons FMR 45 What is crisis migration? Movements precipitated by humanitarian crises have implications that touch upon immigration control and national interests, human rights, humanitarian and development principles, and frameworks for international protection, cooperation and burden sharing. Susan Martin, Sanjula Weerasinghe, Abbie Taylor 28 Mar 2014
174 Creative Commons Survival Migration: Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement Alexander Betts, University of Oxford, gives a talk for the COMPAS seminar series Alexander Betts 03 Mar 2014
175 Creative Commons African Studies and OCAF Seminar: Staying Out of Place: The Dialectics of Being and Becoming in Exceptional Spaces Simon Turner, Aalborg University, Denmark, gives a talk for the African Studies Centre Simon Turner 18 Feb 2014
176 Creative Commons FMR 43 Poetry as women's resistance to the consequences of Bedouin displacement in Jordan Bedouin women are able to mitigate some of the consequences of that displacement through the opportunities and influence they have gained as Nabati poets. Maira Seeley 09 Aug 2013
177 Creative Commons FMR 43 Older people and displacement At all phases of the displacement cycle, flight, displacement and return, older people are exposed to specific challenges and risks which are not sufficiently taken into account. Piero Calvi-Parisetti 09 Aug 2013
178 Creative Commons FMR 43 Trails of Tears: raising awareness of displacement Trails of Tears have arisen to draw attention and give legitimacy to multiple movements for fairness and justice, hoping to create a community of support strong enough to rectify a past injustice or prevent a future one. Ken Whalen 09 Aug 2013
179 Creative Commons FMR 43 State fragility, displacement and development interventions The development approach to displacement brings advantages not only in addressing the needs of refugees, IDPs and host communities but also in helping societies tackle the underlying aspects of fragility that may have caused the displacement. Yonatan Araya 09 Aug 2013
180 Creative Commons FMR 43 Displacement in a fragile Iraq The post-Saddam Iraqi state enjoys only limited support from the population, excludes significant sections of its people from power, suppresses the opposition and does not protect citizens from arbitrary arrests, and corruption is rampant. Ali A K Ali 09 Aug 2013
181 Creative Commons FMR 43 Was establishing new institutions in Iraq to deal with displacement a good idea? The humanitarian, developmental and political consequences of decades of mass forced migration are part of the legacy that the current political leaders of Iraq need to address. Peter Van der Auweraert 09 Aug 2013
182 Creative Commons FMR 43 The curious case of North Korea Displacement and distress migration within and outside North Korea may be an indicator of state fragility but a reduction in numbers should not necessarily be read as a sign of improving conditions there. Courtland Robinson 09 Aug 2013
183 Creative Commons The evolving role of Islamist groups in Somali politics Part of the Post-transitional directions in the Somalias, Horn of Africa Seminar Series workshop. Mohammed al-Hadi 22 Jul 2013
184 Creative Commons Crisis and displacement; different solutions for different kinds of displaced Part of the Post-transitional directions in the Somalias, Horn of Africa Seminar Series workshop. Laura Hammond 22 Jul 2013
185 Creative Commons FMR 41 Challenging RSD clients' preferences for foreign service providers Organisations that provide legal services to refugees and asylum seekers face the challenge of responding ethically to clients' requests to be assisted by foreigners as opposed to by nationals in country offices. Christian Pangilinan 08 May 2013
186 Creative Commons FMR 41 Overseas cultural orientation programmes and resettled refugees' perceptions Resettled refugees often have misconceptions about their potential for self-sufficiency in the United States, and experience adjustment problems after their arrival. Julie M Kornfeld 08 May 2013
187 Creative Commons FMR 41 Lessons from mobilisation around slum evictions in Tanzania A study of forced urban eviction in Tanzania shows that grassroots mobilisation alone may be unable to confront the challenges of displacement and that there are risks when mobilisation around displacement is premised on unrealistic expectations. Michael Hooper 08 May 2013
188 Creative Commons FMR 41 Making work safe for displaced women Understanding risk factors and protection strategies allows practitioners to ensure appropriate programme design and implementation for displaced women. Dale Buscher 08 May 2013
189 Creative Commons FMR 41 North Koreans in China in need of international protection Ihe international community needs to reconsider how it might better work towards securing protection for North Koreans. Some may be political refugees, others 'refugees sur place'. Roberta Cohen 08 May 2013
190 Creative Commons FMR 41 East African refugees adapting to life in the UK This article reflects on the first-hand life experiences of refugees of East/Horn of Africa origin on arrival in the UK. The experiences, some of which could be seen as humorous or sad, may be informative and relevant for other practitioners. Samuel Bekalo 08 May 2013
191 Creative Commons FMR 41 Attempts to prevent displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories Prevention has become a strategy increasingly adopted by the humanitarian community in addressing forced displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories and responding to immediate emergency needs for families displaced or at risk. Karim Khalil 08 May 2013
192 Creative Commons FMR 41 Natural disasters and indigenous displacement in Bolivia Those seeking to understand and address the reasons for growing numbers of displaced indigenous people in Bolivia should consider the relationship between traditional knowledge and the impacts of climate change. Ludvik Girard 08 May 2013
193 Creative Commons FMR 41 Property restitution in Colombia The Colombian government has established a legal framework to prevent further displacement. The rebuilding of community relationships and institutional trust are central to the success of this approach. Eduardo Medina 08 May 2013
194 Creative Commons FMR 41 The role of women defenders of human rights in Colombia Women in Colombia are increasingly being attacked because of their efforts to defend human rights and to bring an end to the conflict and displacement in their country. Juanita Candamil, Claudia María Mejía Duque 08 May 2013
195 Creative Commons FMR 41 Post-conflict land insecurity threatens re-displacement in northern Uganda For many in northern Uganda, access to land and property remains an unresolved issue that threatens peace and sustainable returns. Levis Onegi 08 May 2013
196 Creative Commons FMR 41 Preventing re-displacement through genuine reintegration in Burundi Displacement is often part of a cyclical process of conflict and displacement. Preventing displacement, therefore, is not only about preventing new displacement but about ensuring that people do not get re-displaced. Lucy Hovil 08 May 2013
197 Creative Commons FMR 41 Undermining development: forced eviction in Bangladesh The case of a proposed coalmine in Bangladesh clearly illustrates the potential for human rights violations in such projects, the need for stronger safeguard policies that uphold people's rights and prevent displacement, and the power of local protest. Kate Hoshour 08 May 2013
198 Creative Commons FMR 41 Businesses' human rights responsibilities Businesses have the responsibility to avoid infringements of human rights that could lead to displacement and also to take actions to remedy their human rights violations that might lead to displacement. Corinne Lewis 08 May 2013
199 Creative Commons FMR 41 Recognising the land rights of indigenous peoples and rural communities Current global trends are putting increasing economic pressure on land and natural resources, raising the risk that new waves of internal displacement may be caused by the combined forces of climate change and large-scale investment in agriculture. Rhodri C Williams 08 May 2013
200 Creative Commons FMR 41 Driving displacement: explosive weapons in populated areas The issue of the role of explosive weapons in generating displacement in urban areas has recently risen up the international agenda. Simon Bagshaw 08 May 2013