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forced migrant

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - A field study of migration and adversity The migratory journeys of birds can reflect the same complexity of issues that trigger and affect human displacement. Derek Robertson 06 Aug 2018
2 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Animal and human health in the Sahrawi refugee camps Health challenges in the Sahrawi refugee camps in the Algerian desert are faced by both human and animal populations, and therefore responses must function for the benefit of both. Giorgia Angeloni, Jennifer Carr 06 Aug 2018
3 FMR 58 - From the editors In our main feature, authors explore the complex interactions of the constraints and opportunities involved, drawing on case-studies from around the world and highlighting the roles of new actors, new technologies and new-or renewed-approaches. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 10 Jul 2018
4 FMR 58 - Refugees’ right to work and access to labour markets: constraints, challenges and ways forward Host countries need to assess the potential for opening their labour markets to refugees, and enhancing access to decent work. Roger Zetter, Heloise Ruaudel 10 Jul 2018
5 FMR 58 - Supporting recently resettled refugees in the UK Organisations supporting recently resettled refugees to find employment should focus on providing them with the tools to navigate the employment market in a sustainable way that leads to their personal development. Marwa Belghazi 10 Jul 2018
6 FMR 58 - Integrating refugees into the Turkish labour market The granting to Syrian refugees in Turkey of the right to access formal work was a first step towards their economic integration but a number of challenges remain. Ximena V Del Carpio, Sirma Demir Seker, Ahmet Levent Yener 10 Jul 2018
7 FMR 58 - From refugee to employee: work integration in rural Denmark The launch of Red Cross Denmark’s Fast Track programme, which focuses on early refugee employment, offers an opportunity to explore the relationship between local employment of refugees and the sustainability of rural life. Martin Ledstrup, Marie Larsen 10 Jul 2018
8 FMR 58 - Integrating refugee doctors into host health-care systems Refugee doctors face a number of barriers to practising medicine, despite the significant contributions that they can make. Shahla Namak, Fatin Sahhar, Sarah Kureshi, Fadya El Rayess 10 Jul 2018
9 FMR 58 - Refugees’ engagement with host economies in Uganda Multi-sited fieldwork in Uganda allows for an exploration of the complex patterns of engagement between refugees’ economic activities and local economies, in urban, emergency and protracted settings. Naohiko Omata 10 Jul 2018
10 FMR 58 - Refugees and host communities in the Rwandan labour market In Rwanda, Congolese refugees have the same freedom of movement and right to work as Rwandans but the experiences and economic activities of these two populations are very different. Özge Bilgili, Craig Loschmann 10 Jul 2018
11 FMR 58 - The role of rural grocery stores in refugee reception Our research with rural grocery store managers in Denmark suggests that the integration of asylum centres into the local social and economic life in rural areas is a key factor in successful refugee reception. Zachary Whyte, Birgitte Romme Larsen, Mona Schaldemose 10 Jul 2018
12 FMR 58 - Collaboration with criminal organisations in Colombia: an obstacle to economic recovery Those seeking to support economic development for internally displaced people in Colombia need to understand how and why many IDPs collaborate with armed groups and criminal organisations. Christopher M Hays 10 Jul 2018
13 FMR 58 - Syrian economies: a temporary boom? Some displaced people and their host communities have benefited economically from the consequences of conflict in Syria’s Raqqa province. Others need support – and the type of support needed will change as circumstances change. Ahmad Al Ajlan 10 Jul 2018
14 FMR 58 - Obstacles to refugees’ self-reliance in Germany The majority of Germany’s refugees and asylum seekers rely on government welfare and face serious obstacles to self-reliance. Integration policies must eliminate these obstacles to promote mutual long-term benefits for refugees and their new communities. Elizabeth Ekren 10 Jul 2018
15 FMR 58 - The new world of work and the need for digital empowerment References are often made to forced migrants’ digital literacy, including use of smartphones to organise journeys and communicate once at their destinations. Other digital skills, including those relating to the workplace, are of greater relevance. Miguel Peromingo, Willem Pieterson 10 Jul 2018
16 FMR 58 - Investing in refugees: building human capital Investing in refugees’ well-being is a global public good, and the international community should work to reduce malnutrition and increase access to education for refugees in order to help build human capital and achieve better economic outcomes for all. Lili Mottaghi 10 Jul 2018
17 FMR 58 - Towards greater visibility and recruitment of skilled refugees Showcasing refugees’ skills connects refugees to global work opportunities, and also shifts narrative from one of refugees being burdens to host countries to one in which refugees are recognised as skilled workers for whom countries should be competing. Leah Nichles, Sayre Nyce 10 Jul 2018
18 FMR 58 - Validating highly educated refugees’ qualifications Qualification certificates play a central role in the labour market integration of highly educated refugees but validating them presents considerable challenges. Sweden and Norway have introduced some positive developments to address such difficulties. Katarina Mozetič 10 Jul 2018
19 FMR 58 - Refugee livelihoods: new actors, new models The international community is increasingly emphasising the need to bridge the humanitarian­–development gap. But what does this mean on the ground in terms of refugees’ livelihoods and economic inclusion? Ziad Ayoubi, Regina Saavedra 10 Jul 2018
20 FMR 58 - The macro-economic impacts of Syrian refugee aid A new study on the effects of humanitarian assistance in response to the Syria crisis finds significant positive impacts for regional economic growth and job creation. Tobias Schillings 10 Jul 2018
21 FMR 58 - Quality of work for Syrian refugees in Jordan Work permits have been at the centre of the policy debate on the hosting of Syrian refugees in Jordan. This approach needs also to involve ensuring decent working conditions for all. Maha Kattaa, Meredith Byrne 09 Jul 2018
22 FMR 58 - The gig economy in complex refugee situations Research with Syrian women refugees in Jordan suggests that, despite significant challenges, the gig economy has some potential to help refugees participate in host communities and to bolster their economic participation. Abigail Hunt, Emma Samman, Dina Mansour-Ille, Henrieke Max 09 Jul 2018
23 FMR 58 - The power of markets: lessons from Uganda Market-based approaches in northern Uganda demonstrate the benefits of supporting local markets instead of distributing in-kind aid. Alison Hemberger, Sasha Muench, Chelsea Purvis 09 Jul 2018
24 FMR 58 - Livelihoods programming and its influence on secondary migration Improving access to work, as well as livelihoods programming itself, is required if the lives and livelihoods of Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia are to improve. Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Clare Cummings, Nassim Majidi 09 Jul 2018
25 FMR 58 - The shortcomings of employment as a durable solution The refugee assistance regime that prevails today seems to insist that the best, or only, solution to protracted refugee situations is firmly rooted in improving access to employment. Nora Bardelli 09 Jul 2018
26 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Refugee-led social protection: reconceiving refugee assistance The help and assistance that refugees offer each other is central to the lives of many displaced people. Recognising this allows support for displaced people to be reconceived in more sustaining and empowering ways. Evan Easton-Calabria, Kate Pincock 09 Jul 2018
27 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Refugee paralegals Refugees in Kenya face multiple barriers to accessing their rights. The work of paralegals who are themselves refugees and who support and facilitate refugees’ access to justice offers a vital service. Musenga Tshimankinda Christian 09 Jul 2018
28 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Kobciye: empowering Somali refugees in Nairobi Established by a resettled Somali refugee and now under the leadership of his children, Kobciye resource centre works to empower Somali refugees in Eastleigh, Nairobi. Afrah Hassan 09 Jul 2018
29 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Syrian refugee-led organisations in Berlin Many of the approximately 50,000 Syrian refugees living in Berlin continue to depend largely on State assistance; some refugees have also created and found additional support in active, vibrant community initiatives. Jennifer Wood, Evan Easton-Calabria, Yahya Alaous 09 Jul 2018
30 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Refugee-led education in Indonesia Refugee-led education initiatives in West Java, Indonesia, show how refugee communities can work with supporters to overcome service gaps faced in host countries. Thomas Brown 09 Jul 2018
31 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Lessons from LGBTIQ refugee-led community-based organisations The work of community-based organisations led by and in support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans*, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) refugees in Nairobi, Kenya, provides important insights. Hester K V Moore 09 Jul 2018
32 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Humans and animals in refugee camps More research is needed, across disciplines, to better understand the important and varied roles that animals play in the lives of people in refugee camps. Benjamin Thomas White 05 Jul 2018
33 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - The role of livestock in refugee-host community relations In South Sudan, tensions arose when refugees arrived with their livestock, disrupting the existing relationships between the local population and nomadic peoples. Charles Hoots 05 Jul 2018
34 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Working equids in refugee camps Refugee camps offer good opportunities for cooperation between humanitarian and animal welfare organisations for the benefit of displaced people and their working animals. Patrick J Pollock 05 Jul 2018
35 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Sheltering animals in refugee camps Animals play an important role in many people’s lives in displacement. Camp planners and managers need to take animals’ needs into greater account in order for displaced people to continue to benefit from this interaction. Lara Alshawawreh 05 Jul 2018
36 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Understanding risk in human–animal interactions There needs to be better understanding not only of the importance of animals in the lives of displaced people but also of the potential risks incurred by human–animal interactions and how best to mitigate these risks. Sara Owczarczak-Garstecka 05 Jul 2018
37 FMR 57 - From the editors This issue therefore focuses – as did the 2014 issue – on displacement from and within Syria. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 05 Mar 2018
38 FMR 57 - Foreword: Syria in 2018 – in search of solutions This important issue of Forced Migration Review draws our attention to the current challenges facing displaced Syrians and the continuing search for solutions. Noor Al Hussein 05 Mar 2018
39 FMR 57 - Protecting the dignity of displaced Syrians What does dignity mean to Syrian refugees and practitioners? And what can humanitarian organisations do – or abstain from doing – to help Syrians preserve and protect their dignity? Kholoud Mansour 05 Mar 2018
40 FMR 57 - One camp, three refugee groups: challenges for local NGOs Local non-governmental organisations in Lebanon's Bourj al-Barajneh camp face challenges in responding to the complex needs of three different refugee groups. Olfat Mahmoud, Rebecca Roberts 05 Mar 2018
41 FMR 57 - Refugee-led humanitarianism in Lebanon's Shatila camp Refugee-led humanitarian initiatives by 'established' Palestinian refugees in response to the arrival of 'new' displaced Syrians to Shatila camp raise key questions. Hind Sharif 05 Mar 2018
42 FMR 57 - The role of municipalities in ensuring stability Responses to crises in Lebanon's Beka'a region in 2017 show that refugee-hosting municipalities can be a pillar of peaceful coexistence and must be supported. Josep Zapater 05 Mar 2018
43 FMR 57 - Competing security and humanitarian imperatives in the Berm Approximately 60,000 Syrians are trapped in 'the Berm', a desolate area on the Syria-Jordan border. When security concerns are prioritised over humanitarian needs and aid agencies turn to militant groups to deliver aid, the consequences can be deplorable. Charles Simpson 05 Mar 2018
44 FMR 57 - Categorising Syrians in Lebanon as 'vulnerable' Vulnerability assessments are used by humanitarian actors to identify those at greater risk of harm but their use in the response to displaced Syrians in Lebanon is problematic. Maja Janmyr, Lama Mourad 28 Feb 2018
45 FMR 57 - Rethinking the lessons from Za'atari refugee camp Humanitarian efforts to build a model refugee camp when constructing Azraq camp in Jordan – drawing on what was supposed to have been learned in Za'atari camp – missed crucial aspects of Za'atari's governance. Melissa N Gatter 28 Feb 2018
46 FMR 57 - The neglected health needs of older Syrian refugees in Jordan In Jordan, the specific health needs of older Syrian refugees tend to be overlooked, due in part to a lack of data, institutional biases and the nature of the humanitarian response. Sigrid Lupieri 28 Feb 2018
47 FMR 57 - The importance of social capital in protracted displacement We hope to generate discussion about ways to further tailor assessments, targeting and programming in this and other situations of protracted displacement. Ana Uzelac, Jos Meester, Markus Goransson, Willem van den Berg 28 Feb 2018
48 FMR 57 - From vulnerability to resilience: improving humanitarian response Lessons from responses to the Syrian displacement crisis can inform broader discussions on how to build responses that better address vulnerability, support resilience and include displaced women, children and young people in all their diversity. Emma Pearce, Boram Lee 28 Feb 2018
49 FMR 57 - Syrian refugees: thinking beyond gender stereotypes The dominant gender narratives among NGOs responding to Syrian refugees, and their subsequent interventions, are based on sometimes simplistic understandings of the ‘traditional’ Syrian household and power dynamics. Michelle Lokot 28 Feb 2018
50 FMR 57 - How migration to Europe affects those left behind Families are frequently separated as a result of migration and displacement from the Middle East to Europe, yet humanitarian aid is often difficult to access and insufficient to meet the needs of those left behind. Megan Passey 28 Feb 2018
51 FMR 57 - Peace education and psychosocial support for social cohesion Evidence from psychosocial support-based peace education work with young displaced Syrians shows that addressing trauma is critical in overcoming psychological barriers to social cohesion. Ruth Simpson 28 Feb 2018
52 FMR 57 - Private sector engagement in refugee education The involvement of the private sector in providing education for Syrian refugees has much to commend it but greater consideration needs to be paid to the ethical and practical concerns that may arise. Zeena Zakharia, Francine Menashy 28 Feb 2018
53 FMR 57 - Caring for male and LGBTI sexual violence survivors: learning from local organisations Local organisations responding to the Syrian humanitarian crisis are at the forefront of providing care for both male and LGBTI survivors of sexual violence. Sarah Chynoweth 28 Feb 2018
54 FMR 57 - Child marriage in Jordan: breaking the cycle In seeking to combat the growing phenomenon of child marriage among Syrian refugees, it is vital to engage the whole range of actors involved, and to recognise that girls and boys have the capacity to address this issue in their own communities. Georgia Swan 28 Feb 2018
55 FMR 57 - Expanding economic opportunities in protracted displacement Welcome progress has been made towards realising commitments made by international donors and host country governments to expand economic opportunities for Syrian refugees and host communities in neighbouring countries. Miki Takahashi, Michael Moroz, Jonathan Peters, Jason Pronyk 27 Feb 2018
56 FMR 57 - Learning from the Jordan Compact Analysis of the implementation of the Jordan Compact offers three key lessons: governmental approval is important but not sufficient, the incorporation of critical voices is crucial, meeting numeric targets is not the same as achieving underlying goals. Katharina Lenner, Lewis Turner 27 Feb 2018
57 FMr 57 - Designing refugee compacts: lessons from Jordan Analysis of progress to date under the Jordan Compact highlights a number of shortcomings that need to be addressed if the model is to be used effectively elsewhere. Cindy Huang, Nazanin Ash, Katelyn Gough, Lauren Post 27 Feb 2018
58 FMR 57 - Turkey: between hospitality and hostility Recent political developments and changes in Turkey’s asylum law have had a significantly injurious impact on the safety and legal certainty of refugees in Turkey. Margarite Helena Zoeteweij-Turhan 27 Feb 2018
59 FMR 57 - Refugee youth, unemployment and extremism: countering the myth Refugee youth unemployment has been linked to increased risk of extremism and/or exploitation. Research indicates, however, that unemployment is just one of many factors triggering frustration among young refugees. Drew Mikhael, Julie Norman 27 Feb 2018
60 FMR 57 - Establishing legal identity for displaced Syrians Seven years of conflict have had a serious detrimental effect on many Syrians' ability to prove their legal identity. Martin Clutterbuck, Laura Cunial, Paola Barsanti, Tina Gewis 27 Feb 2018
61 FMR 57 - When is return voluntary? Conditions of asylum in Lebanon The decision of Syrian refugees in Lebanon to return to Syria must not be based on a deteriorating quality of asylum that creates physical, social and material pressures on decisions to return. Amy Keith, Nour Shawaf 27 Feb 2018
62 FMR 57 - Balancing the rights of displaced, returning and remaining populations: learning from Iraq The return of some 3.1 million IDPs in Iraq to their places of origin is seen as a benchmark of success in the aftermath of the recent civil war. However, the situation is complex. Nadia Siddiqui 27 Feb 2018
63 FMR 57 - Property restitution in post-conflict Syria Although restitution of property should underpin any post-conflict agreement, in Syria this will be a complex exercise. Adherence to the UN’s Pinheiro Principles will be critical. Martin Clutterbuck 27 Feb 2018
64 FMR 57 - Perspectives on the return of Syrian refugees There are many reasons why discussions about the imminent return of large numbers of Syrian refugees are premature. Leïla Vignal 27 Feb 2018
65 FMr 57 General - A vision for restitution in Myanmar People displaced in Myanmar during decades of civil conflict, as well as more recently displaced persons, need accessible legal pathways and assistance to regain access to their land and properties. José Arraiza, Scott Leckie 27 Feb 2018
66 FMr 57 General - The Gambia: a haven for refugees? Although not usually thought of as a haven of refugee protection, the Gambia has a fairly sizeable refugee population and some sophisticated legal frameworks and protection mechanisms. Franzisca Zanker 27 Feb 2018
67 FMR 57 General - Enhancing the protection of women and girls through the Global Compact on Refugees The consultative process involved in drafting the Global Compact on Refugees presents an ideal opportunity to ensure that gender equality is integral to this new international policy framework. Eileen Pittaway, Linda Bartolomei 27 Feb 2018
68 FMr 57 General - Italy’s 'Zampa' law: increasing protection for unaccompanied children Italy has enacted comprehensive legislation to protect the rights of unaccompanied children arriving in Italy. Joseph Lelliott 27 Feb 2018
69 FMR 57 General - Voluntary immobility: indigenous voices in the Pacific Indigenous people of the Pacific are increasingly expressing a preference to stay on their lands for cultural and spiritual reasons, even in the face of significant deterioration in health and livelihoods associated with climate change. Carol Farbotko 27 Feb 2018
70 FMR 57 General - The role of civil society in Hong Kong Local organisations can significantly assist with service provision, integration and advocacy. Roy Njuabe 27 Feb 2018
71 FMR 55 - Low-cost, locally available shelters in Pakistan Flooding in 2010 affected 18 million people in Pakistan. With declining donor funds and flooding again in 2011 and 2012, the humanitarian community required low-cost solutions that could be scaled up. Ammarah Mubarak, Saad Hafeez 18 Dec 2017
72 FMR 56 - From the editors The region of Latin America and the Caribbean has long demonstrated hospitality towards those fleeing conflict and persecution within the region and further afield. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 31 Oct 2017
73 FMR 56 - Foreword: Regional solidarity and commitment to protection in Latin America and the Caribbean At a time when over 65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide, Latin America and the Caribbean offer examples of good practices from a region which continues to uphold a long-standing commitment to protect those in need. Filippo Grandi 31 Oct 2017
74 FMR 56 - Protection gaps in Mexico With Mexico a major destination – and transit – country for people displaced by violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America, the Mexican government needs urgently to improve its asylum systems and procedures if they are to be fit for purpose. Andrea Villasenor, Elba Coria 31 Oct 2017
75 FMR 56 - Silencing criticism in Mexico Journalists and human rights defenders in Mexico are being attacked in an attempt to silence their criticism. Many are forced to flee or risk being assassinated. The consequences are both personal and of wider social significance. Ximena Suárez, Daniel Zapico 31 Oct 2017
76 FMR 56 - La 72: an oasis along the migration routes in Mexico In the face of violence, stricter migration policies and daily obstacles, those working at the La 72 shelter strive to respect people’s sense of dignity while caring for their safety. Alejandro Olayo-Méndez 31 Oct 2017
77 FMR 56 - Mexico’s Michoacán state: mixed migration flows and transnational links Against a backdrop of unremitting violence in Mexico, traditional migration patterns in the North American corridor are being reconfigured. Xóchitl Bada, Andreas E Feldmann 31 Oct 2017
78 FMR 56 - Criminal violence in Honduras as a driver of displacement The impact of violence is felt daily in the Northern Triangle of Central America and is a major driver of displacement, yet its very nature obstructs identification of and access to those in need of protection. Suzanna Nelson-Pollard 31 Oct 2017
79 FMR 56 - Factors influencing decision making by people fleeing Central America Interviews with people who have fled violence in Central America reveal the influences behind their decision making prior to and during flight. Vickie Knox 31 Oct 2017
80 FMR 56 - Central American refugees: protected or put at risk by communication technologies? In a world that is more interconnected than ever, many refugees cannot obtain information or communicate when they most need to. Paradoxically, carrying a phone or connecting to the internet can put them at risk if they do not take security measures. Guillermo Barros 31 Oct 2017
81 FMR 56 - Unaccompanied children crossing the Darién Gap While there is much attention paid to the treacherous journeys of refugees and migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea, both the media and international aid community have overlooked one of the deadliest migratory routes in the world: the Darién Gap. Margaret Hunter 31 Oct 2017
82 FMR 56 - Youth outreach centres in El Salvador: providing alternatives to displacement A growing number of youth are fleeing El Salvador, one of the most violent countries in the world, and travelling unaccompanied to the US-Mexico border. Benjamin J Roth 31 Oct 2017
83 FMR 56 - Accompaniment by the Catholic Church The Catholic Church is developing various initiatives to assist those fleeing violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America. Ashley Feasley, Todd Scribner 31 Oct 2017
84 FMR 56 - Colombia: durable solutions for the forcibly displaced Colombia has a sophisticated body of law and a wealth of experience in the development of policies for the forcibly displaced. However, numerous obstacles stand in the way of attaining permanent solutions to displacement. Amaya Valcárcel, Vera Samudio 31 Oct 2017
85 FMR 56 - Colombia: time to invoke the cessation clause? After more than five decades of internal armed conflict, in November 2016 the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the FARC-EP. Does this mean that those Colombians who had been forced to leave the country must now begin to return? Beatriz Eugenia Sánchez Mojica 31 Oct 2017
86 FMR 56 - Colombia’s ex–combatant children and adolescents Large numbers of children and adolescents recruited into the armed conflict in Colombia are now being demobilised. Stephany Armas Contreras 31 Oct 2017
87 FMR 56 - New drivers of displacement in Colombia Violence and displacement have not ended with the signing of the peace agreement in Colombia. Alfredo Campos García 31 Oct 2017
88 FMR 56 - Land restitution in Colombia: why so few applications? Halfway through Colombia’s official land restitution process, questions arise as to why the number of claims is so much lower than anticipated. Frances Thomson 31 Oct 2017
89 FMR 56 - Colombia’s displaced indigenous women Indigenous peoples are one of the most vulnerable groups within Colombia’s internally displaced population, and a lack of understanding of their culture and needs constitutes a major challenge to their protection and assistance. Gina Escobar Cuero 31 Oct 2017
90 FMR 56 - Triggers of internal displacement in Guatemala More than 20 years since the end of the civil war, Guatemala is once again experiencing an upsurge in internal displacement. The causes are multiple, and demand attention. Sindy Hernández Bonilla 31 Oct 2017
91 FMR 56 - Falling short of protection: Peru’s new migration scheme for Venezuelans audio/mpeg iconparent.mp3 Peru’s introduction of a new work and study permit for Venezuelans fleeing violence in their country is to be applauded – but it provides only a limited, temporary form of protection. Nicolas Parent 31 Oct 2017
92 FMR 56 - Protection in the absence of legislation in Trinidad and Tobago The Caribbean’s many small island States are grappling with increasingly complex mixed migration flows, yet few have introduced refugee legislation. Trinidad and Tobago is in the process of doing so. Rochelle Nakhid, Andrew Welch 31 Oct 2017
93 FMR 56 - Eradicating statelessness in the Americas Considerable progress has been made towards eradicating statelessness in Latin America and the Caribbean since 2014 but there is still work to be done if it is to become the first world region to eradicate statelessness. Juan Ignacio Mondelli 31 Oct 2017
94 FMR 56 - Extra-regional refugee resettlement in South America: the Palestinian experience The Humanitarian Resettlement Programme for extra-regional refugees built on the Solidarity Resettlement Programme that emerged from the 2004 Mexico Declaration and Plan of Action. Marcia Vera Espinoza 31 Oct 2017
95 FMR 56 - Venezuelan displacement: a challenge to Brazil Brazil must strengthen its reception and integration of fleeing Venezuelans. Helisane Mahlke, Lilian Yamamoto 31 Oct 2017
96 FMR 56 - The future of the Brazilian resettlement programme Brazil’s resettlement programmes have been praised for demonstrating the country’s commitment to refugee protection but the number resettled remains small compared with international need. Thais Silva Menezes, Stylianos Kostas 31 Oct 2017
97 FMR 56 - Visas and qualifications: Syrian refugees in Brazil Brazil’s humanitarian visa programme for Syrian refugees and its efforts to recognise their qualifications could offer lessons for refugee protection and integration across the region. Gilberto M A Rodrigues, José Blanes Sala, Débora Corrêa de Siqueira 30 Oct 2017
98 FMR 56 - Syrian refugees in Uruguay: an uncomfortable topic Only a year after Uruguay’s resettlement plan for Syrian refugees was established, the resettled families said they wanted to leave. Expectations have not been met. Raquel Rodríguez Camejo 30 Oct 2017
99 FMR 56 - Measuring local integration in Ecuador In 2014-15 UNHCR Ecuador developed an index to measure the degree to which refugees are integrated in their host country, using three main dimensions of local integration: legal, economic and socio-cultural. Santiago Cordova, Peter Janssen 30 Oct 2017
100 FMR 56 - The RCM Guide: a novel protection tool for cross-border disaster-induced displacement in the Americas A new regional guide presents practices and measures to help address the protection needs of cross-border disaster-displaced persons. Walter Kälin, David Cantor 30 Oct 2017