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Local communities: first and last providers of protection (Forced Migration Review 53)

It is often people’s immediate community that provides the first, last and perhaps best tactical response for many people affected by or under threat of displacement. In the 23 feature theme articles in this issue of FMR, authors from around the world – including authors who are themselves displaced – explore the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community. See more at http://www.fmreview.org/community-protection.html.

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 53 - From the Editors This issue’s feature theme, ‘Local communities: first and last providers of protection’, looks at the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 12 Oct 2016
2 FMR 53 - Understanding and supporting community-led protection Supporting locally led protection strategies can significantly improve the impact of protection interventions. Nils Carstensen 12 Oct 2016
3 FMR 53 - Challenging the established order: the need to ‘localise’ protection The growing criticism of protection actors for neglecting indigenous coping strategies and capacities should prompt a radical, creative re-think of attitudes and approaches. Simon Russell 12 Oct 2016
4 FMR 53 - Women-led self-protection in Sudan In parts of Sudan, local NGOs and women’s groups have taken the lead in their own protection, and their considerable achievements have helped change the status of women in their communities. Nagwa Musa Konda, Leila Karim Tima Kodi, Nils Carstensen 12 Oct 2016
5 FMR 53 - “This group is essential to our survival”: urban refugees and community-based protection Nearly 60% of all refugees now live in cities, a trend that will continue as camps increasingly become an option of last resort. Jennifer S Rosenberg 12 Oct 2016
6 FMR 53 - Refugees as a first stop for protection in Kampala As Rwandan refugees in Kampala, I and others like me are uniquely placed to help newly arrived refugees find their feet in the city. The work is demanding but vital. Eugenie Mukandayisenga 12 Oct 2016
7 FMR 53 - Combatting dependency and promoting child protection in Rwanda Continuing dependence on aid that waxes and wanes with time and that comes largely from external sources can lead to feelings of powerlessness. It can furthermore undermine family- and community-based initiatives to protect children. Saeed Rahman, Simran Chaudhri, Lindsay Stark, Mark Canavera 12 Oct 2016
8 FMR 53 - Local action to protect communities in Nigeria Collaborative, creative initiatives in Nigeria helped protect local communities from much of the impact of Boko Haram violence. When international agencies arrived, however, they ignored these efforts. Margee Ensign 12 Oct 2016
9 FMR 53 - Refugees hosting refugees Acknowledging the widespread reality of ‘overlapping’ displacement provides an entry point to recognising and engaging with the agency of refugees and their diverse hosts in providing support and welcome to displaced people. Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh 12 Oct 2016
10 FMR 53 - Northern Uganda: protection in displacement, protection on return In the absence of international or state assistance and protection, community members in northern Uganda stepped in to fill this vacuum both during displacement and throughout the laborious return process following the conflict’s end. Denise Dunovant 12 Oct 2016
11 FMR 53 - Rethinking support for communities’ self-protection strategies: a case study from Uganda Local communities will continue to find ways to address the risks that confront them with or without humanitarian support but the international community may be able to enhance these solutions. Jessica A Lenz 12 Oct 2016
12 FMR 53 - Rebuilding lives in Colombia A grassroots women’s organisation in Colombia is working to protect women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence, and to support the healing of survivors. Emese Kantor 12 Oct 2016
13 FMR 53 - Community-based protection: the ICRC approach The ICRC tries to ensure that its activities on behalf of IDPs and those at risk of displacement support, rather than undermine, communities’ and individuals’ self-protection mechanisms and coping strategies. Angela Cotroneo, Marta Pawlak 12 Oct 2016
14 FMR 53 - Networks and ‘the right to the city’ in Medellín, Colombia Collective action by displaced people in Medellín has been both diverse and strategic. Jonathan Alejandro Murcia, James Gilberto Granada Vahos 12 Oct 2016
15 FMR 53 - Effective community-based protection programming: lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo Oxfam’s work with local communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has prompted the organisation to develop guidance for themselves and for others working in similar situations. Richard Nunn 11 Oct 2016
16 FMR 53 - Community Liaison Assistants: a bridge between peacekeepers and local populations Community Liaison Assistants may be UN peacekeeping’s most effective instrument for community engagement, with the potential to play a critical role in the protection of civilians. Janosch Kullenberg 11 Oct 2016
17 FMR 53 - Refugee community development in New Delhi Recognising that process is as important as outcomes, a community development approach can be effective in supporting local communities as providers of first resort. Linda Bartolomei, Mari Hamidi, Nima Mohamed Mohamud, Kristy Ward 11 Oct 2016
18 FMR 53 - Community policing in Kakuma camp, Kenya Community policing has become a popular way of promoting local ownership of security in refugee camps in Kenya and more widely, but it can also fall victim to its ambivalent position at the intersection of refugee communities and state policing. Hanno Brankamp 11 Oct 2016
19 FMR 53 - The role of community centres in offering protection: UNHCR and Al Ghaith Association in Yemen Community centres play an important role in offering protection for displaced communities, particularly for members of those communities who have specific needs. Nicolas Martin-Achard, Al Ghaith Association 11 Oct 2016
20 FMR 53 - The role of cultural norms and local power structures in Yemen Community power structures and attitudes in Yemen are key factors in how IDPs can gain protection and assistance. Mohammed Al-Sabahi, Fausto Aarya De Santis 11 Oct 2016
21 FMR 53 - The role of community in refugee journeys to Europe For Eritreans and Syrians coming to Europe, community networks both encourage the initial decision to go and provide elements of support along the way. Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker 11 Oct 2016
22 FMR 53 - Integrating protection into disaster risk preparedness in the Dominican Republic Addressing protection as a key element of community-based disaster risk reduction and preparedness efforts is essential to safeguarding human rights in disaster and emergency settings. Andrea Verdeja 11 Oct 2016
23 FMR 53 - Filling the funding gap for community protection An initiative to help local communities build resilience against violent extremism may offer useful lessons in how to help local communities access funding to support their self-protection efforts. Khalid Koser, Amy Cunningham 11 Oct 2016
24 FMR 53 - Preparing for self-preservation External actors need a far deeper understanding of local communities’ experience of and strategies for self-protection, and a far greater commitment to support those communities. Casey Barrs 11 Oct 2016
25 FMR 53 General - Rethinking gender in the international refugee regime Currently the instruments of refugee status determination make asylum claims depend on images of women that are characterised by victimisation and motherhood. Megan Denise Smith 11 Oct 2016
26 FMR 53 General - Colombia: the peace process and solutions for forced migrants If, as seems likely, Colombia reaches a peace agreement to end its long internal conflict, the settlement may create the political and legal conditions to solve the phenomenon of forced migration of its citizens. Jeisson Oswaldo Martínez Leguízamo 11 Oct 2016
27 FMR 53 General - Statelessness and the refugee crisis in Europe The European Union needs to issue a Directive on common standards for statelessness determination procedures with a view to mitigating the particular impacts of statelessness in the context of the continuing refugee crisis in Europe. Katalin Berényi 11 Oct 2016
28 FMR 53 General - Refugee women as entrepreneurs in Australia The ‘Stepping Stones to Small Business’ programme in Australia is appreciated by participants but has shown that ‘entrepreneurship’ is a problematic concept in the context of women from refugee backgrounds. John van Kooy 11 Oct 2016
29 FMR 53 General - Power, politics and privilege: public health at the Thai-Burma border Participants in a field-research methods course on refugee health at the Thai-Burma border learned that beyond the biological vectors and disease processes that contribute to human suffering, power, politics and privilege play central roles in negatively Nikhil A Patel, Amos B Licthman, Mohit M Nair, Parveen K Parmar 11 Oct 2016
30 FMR 53 General - Humanitarian visas: building on Brazil's experience Brazil’s humanitarian visas are an important tool in complementary protection, offering legal pathways for forced migrants to reach a safer country. Liliana Lyra Jubilut, Camila Sombra Muiños de Andrade, André de Lima Madureira 11 Oct 2016
31 FMR 53 General - Engaging with innovation among refugees and IDPs Traditional humanitarian actors should develop mechanisms to support innovation by displaced people. Danielle Robinson 11 Oct 2016
32 FMR 53 General - South African midwives caring for immigrant and refugee women Over recent years South Africa has accepted many refugees and asylum seekers, among whom are women requiring maternity services. Mamokgadi Gloria Victoria Koneshe 11 Oct 2016
33 FMR 53 - FMR Reader Survey 2016 – results and observations We are very grateful to the approximately 550 individuals who took the time to respond to our recent Reader Survey. FMR Online 11 Oct 2016