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Refugee Studies Centre

Series associated with Refugee Studies Centre

Afghanistan’s displaced people (Forced Migration Review 46)
Climate change and disasters (Forced Migration Review 49)
Crisis (Forced Migration Review 45)
Dayton +20 (Forced Migration Review 50)
Destination: Europe (Forced Migration Review 51)
Detention and deportation (Forced Migration Review 44)
Disability and displacement (Forced Migration Review 35)
DRC: Past. Present. Future? (Forced Migration Review 36)
Faith and displacement (Forced Migration Review 48)
Innovation and refugees (Forced Migration Review, supplement 2014)
LGBTQI and forced migrants (Forced Migration Review 42)
Local communities: first and last providers of protection (Forced Migration Review 53)
North Africa and displacement (Forced Migration Review 39)
Preventing displacement (Forced Migration Review 41)
Resettlement (Forced Migration Review 54)
Shelter in displacement (Forced Migration Review 55)
States of fragility (Forced Migration Review 43)
The Syria crisis (Forced Migration Review 47)
The technology issue (Forced Migration Review 38)
Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions (Forced Migration Review 52)
# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 55 - From the Editors All displaced people need some form of shelter, and circumstances dictate that in reality not much of it conforms to the typical picture of a tent or tarpaulin nor meets official standards. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 13 Jul 2017
2 FMR 55 - Refugee settlements and sustainable planning We need to develop refugee settlement planning processes that not only facilitate long-term planning but also allow for incremental upgrading. The case of M’Bera in Mauritania illustrates this. Brett Moore 13 Jul 2017
3 FMR 55 - Shelter in flux Current humanitarian guidelines do not sufficiently cover what shelter means in volatile and protracted conflict settings, particularly outside organised camps. We propose improved tools that will address that gap. Charles Parrack, Brigitte Piquard, Cathrine Brun 13 Jul 2017
4 FMR 55 - An architectural investigation into the provision of refugee accommodation When challenged to investigate accommodation options for refugees in their city, architecture students found that there are simple and plausible architectural answers for the integration of refugees in medium-sized European cities such as A Coruña. Plácido Lizancos, Evaristo Zas 13 Jul 2017
5 FMR 55 - The case for self-recovery Most families recovering from the catastrophe of a disaster rebuild their own homes. This practice of self-recovery by non-displaced communities has potential for displaced populations too. Bill Flinn, Holly Schofield, Luisa Miranda Morel 13 Jul 2017
6 FMR 55 - Pre-fabricated or freely fabricated? The architectural forms of emergency shelters and the ways they are created play a significant role in the ability of their inhabitants to deal with their displacement and to perhaps feel, even temporarily, at home. Irit Katz 13 Jul 2017
7 FMR 55 - Shelter for refugees arriving in Greece, 2015-17 Mass arrivals in Greece since 2015 have far exceeded the supply of acceptable shelter. The attempts to provide solutions continues. John F Wain 13 Jul 2017
8 FMR 55 - From drawing-board to Jungle Our research and development department has been working on a shelter solution in accordance with the requirement of improving logistics, installation, flexibility, the use of natural resources and, above all, the improvement of living conditions. Pedro Sáez, Carmen García 13 Jul 2017
9 FMR 55 - The diversity of data needed to drive design The developers of the Refugee Housing Unit know every aspect and component of their design but can never know what it is like to wake up in one of them every day. Märta Terne, Johan Karlsson, Christian Gustafsson 13 Jul 2017
10 FMR 55 - Choice in shelter solutions in Somalia The complex, inter-linked and multi-dimensional humanitarian challenges in Somalia require equally complex responses in order to be able to bolster the resilience of Somali people. Martijn Goddeeris, Gregg McDonald 13 Jul 2017
11 FMR 55 - Refugees and the city: UN-Habitat’s New Urban Agenda Special protection for refugees and displaced persons should be part of countries’ housing policies. Raffael Beier, Jasmin Fritzsche 13 Jul 2017
12 FMR 55 - Shelter provision and state sovereignty in Calais Government provision of shelter for Calais’ migrant population over the last twenty years has prioritised the assertion of state authority over the alleviation of human suffering. Policies in 2015-16, which involved the destruction of informal shelter and Michael Boyle 13 Jul 2017
13 FMR 55 - A camp redefined as part of the city Was what was built at La Linière in Grand-Synthe in northern France a traditional refugee camp or a new kind of urban district? Cyrille Hanappe 13 Jul 2017
14 FMR 55 - Appropriating buildings to house refugees: Berlin Tempelhof As European cities continue to co-opt existing buildings to use as refugee shelters, the inherent spatial characteristics of these structures present significant challenges to the authorities that select the sites and to those who must reside in them. Toby Parsloe 13 Jul 2017
15 FMR 55 - Collective homemaking in transit The daily activities of the residents and volunteers of the City Plaza Refugee Accommodation Centre in Athens and the organisation of the space help to construct a positive notion of ‘home’. Alexandra Koptyaeva 13 Jul 2017
16 FMR 55 - Perpetually temporary shelter in Trieste An old building that has seen displaced people in it many times over many years is being used by the latest group of arrivals, this time from outside Europe. Roberta Altin 13 Jul 2017
17 FMR 55 - The impact of humanitarian shelter and settlements on child protection Insufficient attention has been paid to the design of shelters and settlements in protracted refugee encampments in Eastern Africa. The results invisibly obstruct young children’s development. Nerea Amorós Elorduy 13 Jul 2017
18 FMR 55 - Reducing GBV risks through better shelter programme design Good shelter programming must include mitigation measures throughout the project cycle in order to reduce GBV risks. Amelia Rule, Jessica Izquierdo, Alberto Piccioli 13 Jul 2017
19 FMR 55 - Thriving spaces: greening refugee settlements By incorporating urban agriculture initiatives within refugee camp settings, the concept of shelter can be expanded to include providing protection from the climate, addressing nutritional deficiencies and increasing levels of human dignity, place makin Carrie Perkins, Andrew Adam-Bradford, Mikey Tomkins 13 Jul 2017
20 FMR 55 - Repurposing shelter for displaced people in Ukraine Buildings in Ukraine are being repurposed to provide shelter for those fleeing conflict in the country but, as the war continues, the need for more permanent solutions must be acknowledged. Laura A Dean 13 Jul 2017
21 FMR 55 - Reconstructing ‘home’ in northern Uganda An understanding of shelter in situations of displacement and return must take into consideration both material and non-material dimensions. Alice Anderson-Gough 13 Jul 2017
22 FMR 55 - Planning for the integration of refugee and host communities in Turkana County, Kenya The Kalobeyei New Settlement focuses on the creation of a spatial plan to guide settlement in both the short and the long term to the benefit of both host community and refugees. Yuka Terada, David Evans, Dennis Mwaniki 13 Jul 2017
23 FMR 55 - Poor Albanians who hosted displaced Kosovars The experience of hosting displaced Kosovars is one that at least one Albanian village would prefer not to repeat. Beryl Nicholson 13 Jul 2017
24 FMR 55 - Hosting the displaced – and being hosted A local family hosting a displaced family in their home is becoming a well-recognised form of shelter for families in displacement. Cynthia Caron 13 Jul 2017
25 FMR 55 - Security of tenure in the urban context Addressing the lack of secure tenure and the risk of forced eviction is one of the defining characteristics of urban shelter response. Neil Brighton, Kirstie Farmer, Øyvind Nordlie 13 Jul 2017
26 FMR 55 - The pavements and slums of Dhaka Almost half a million people every year seek refuge in Dhaka, compelled by a nexus of climate change, poverty and environmental degradation. Many end up on living on the pavements. Nellie LeBeau, Hugh Tuckfield 11 Jul 2017
27 FMR 55 - Mass shelters: inappropriate in displacement Mass shelters appear to be an inappropriate shelter solution even in the acute onset of a crisis, creating problems of dignity and security and having significant health consequences. Alena Koscalova, Yann Lelevrier 11 Jul 2017
28 FMR 55 - More design, less innovation Those working in international agencies to develop shelter solutions for displaced populations can learn much from human-centred design practices of professional architects and planners. Mitchell Sipus 11 Jul 2017
29 FMR 55 - The humanitarian-architect divide Humanitarians and architects can fail to find a common language, characterising each other in schematic terms. Tom Scott-Smith 11 Jul 2017
30 FMR 55 - Using public schools as shelter for IDPs in Yemen The two years of conflict in Yemen have created 3.3 million internally displaced person (IDPs), 20% of whom live in spontaneous settlements or collective centres, including public buildings. Schools top the list of the public buildings that are frequently Mohammed Al-Sabahi and Ghaidaa Motahar 11 Jul 2017
31 FMR 55 General - Cash transfer programming: lessons from northern Iraq Cash transfers can be a powerful tool in situations of conflict and forced migration. However, the need to adopt a context- and conflict-sensitive approach is of great importance. Yvonne Deblon, Patrick Gutekunst 11 Jul 2017
32 FMR 55 General - Facilitating ‘reasonable hope’ with refugees and asylum seekers The loss of hope over time has led to despair and a mental health crisis for refugees and asylum seekers on Manus Island and Nauru. Greg Turner 11 Jul 2017
33 FMR 55 General - Vulnerability of refugees with communication disabilities to SGBV: evidence from Rwanda Refugees with communication disabilities are particularly vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence, in part because of their limited ability to report abuse. Julie Marshall, Helen Barrett, Angelo Ebengo 11 Jul 2017
34 FMR 55 General - The power of education in refugees’ lives: Sri Lankan refugees in India In their determination to take control of an uncertain future, Sri Lankan refugees living in the camps of Tamil Nadu, India, have prioritised education. Antony Jeevarathnam Mayuran 11 Jul 2017
35 FMR 55 General - Children of rape of refugee women, and statelessness, in Egypt The facilitation of birth registration procedures for children born from rape – particularly of refugee women – is necessary in order to prevent statelessness. Mohamed Farahat 11 Jul 2017
36 FMR 55 General - Proving torture: demanding the impossible New research demonstrates that errors by Home Office asylum caseworkers in their handling of expert medical evidence of torture can make it almost impossible for survivors of torture seeking asylum in the UK to prove that they were tortured. Lucy Gregg, Jo Pettitt 11 Jul 2017
37 FMR 55 General - Giving birth in transit through Greece Pregnant refugee women en route through Europe are having to give birth in extremely difficult conditions. They face appalling choices, and their babies risk being stateless. Raquel Esther Jorge Ricart 11 Jul 2017
38 Creative Commons FMR 54 - From the Editors This issue of FMR looks at some of the modalities and challenges of resettlement in order to shed light on debates such as how - and how well – resettlement is managed. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 23 Mar 2017
39 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Practical considerations for effective resettlement There are certain essential elements of resettlement programming benefit both refugees and the states undertaking to receive them. William Lacy Swing 23 Mar 2017
40 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The resettlement of Hungarian refugees in 1956 Around the 60th anniversary of the Hungarian uprising it is worth looking back on the efforts to resettle refugees to see that debates about how to help are timeless. Amanda Cellini 23 Mar 2017
41 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The internationalisation of resettlement: lessons from Syria and Bhutan There is clearly political will to engage more on refugee issues through resettlement. A defining feature of this effort is its internationalisation. Carol Batchelor, Edwina O’Shea 23 Mar 2017
42 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Surge and selection: power in the refugee resettlement regime There is an imbalance of power – and a resulting lack of agency for refugees – in the structure of the current resettlement regime. The top-down process of selection also poses ethical dilemmas, as recent surges in resettlement operations show. Annelisa Lindsay 23 Mar 2017
43 Creative Commons FMR 54 - A ‘successful’ refugee resettlement programme: the case of Nepal More than 100,000 Bhutanese refugees have been found homes in third countries. The other side to the story of this successful resettlement programme, however, is the failure to tackle the impact it has had on the remaining camp populations. Bipin Ghimire 23 Mar 2017
44 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Putting refugees at the centre of resettlement in the UK There are growing numbers of refugees in the UK who have been through a resettlement programme. New research in four UK cities highlights opportunities to incorporate the refugees’ expertise into programme design. Michael Collyer, Rupert Brown, Linda Morrice, Linda Tip 23 Mar 2017
45 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Resettlement and humanitarian admission programmes in Europe – what works? The European Migration Network has published a study on resettlement, humanitarian admission and private sponsorship programmes in the Member States of the European Union (EU) and Norway. Michiel Besters 23 Mar 2017
46 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Southeast Asia and the disenchantment with resettlement While resettlement is nowadays considered as a solution to be resorted to only in exceptional circumstances, in Southeast Asia resettlement has always been, and remains, the most important durable solution for refugees. Sébastien Moretti 23 Mar 2017
47 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Portugal’s position on resettlement: a view from the periphery of the EU The evolution of European policy in recent years has shown how policy can be used to actively restrict the movement of people and as a mechanism for choosing what kind of refugee a particular country receives. Lúcio Sousa, Paulo Manuel Costa 23 Mar 2017
48 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Pre-resettlement experiences: Iranians in Vienna Refugees’ resettlement experiences may be shaped in the stages leading up to their arrival. Molly Fee 23 Mar 2017
49 Creative Commons FMR 54 - LiechtensteinLanguages project In February 2016 Liechtenstein introduced the LiechtensteinLanguages project (LieLa) to help asylum seekers and refugees integrate more quickly in their new country. www.liela.li 23 Mar 2017
50 Creative Commons FMR 54 - ‘Matching’ refugees There is a lot of empirical evidence that the initial location in which refugees are resettled matters a great deal in terms of how they succeed in areas such as education and employment. Will Jones, Alexander Teytelboym 23 Mar 2017
51 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The secondary migration of refugees resettled in the US More and more refugees are resettled in communities where they have no intention of living and then move on. Jeffrey Bloem, Scott Loveridge 23 Mar 2017
52 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The importance of legal counsel At each stage of the resettlement process, the presence of counsel – legal advocates – can help refugees to present their complete cases efficiently and avoid unnecessary rejections. This provides benefits to decision makers as well. Betsy Fisher 23 Mar 2017
53 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Who will resettle single Syrian men? Resettlement programmes for Syrian refugees severely restrict access to resettlement for single Syrian men, despite the conditions of vulnerability, insecurity and danger in which they live. Lewis Turner 23 Mar 2017
54 Creative Commons FMR 54 - How NGOs have helped shape resettlement NGOs have a rich history of involvement in case identification and referral for resettlement, and have helped to increase numbers, improve processes and make resettlement more equitable, and accountable, for refugees. Amy Slaughter 23 Mar 2017
55 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Expanding the role of NGOs in resettlement With global resettlement needs growing and more refugees living outside camps, NGOs are uniquely positioned to identify and interview vulnerable refugees and to play a larger role in refugee resettlement. Melonee Douglas, Rachel Levitan, Lucy W Kiama 23 Mar 2017
56 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Resettlement as a protection tool for refugee children here is a need to ensure that new and existing initiatives to resettle refugee children at risk, including unaccompanied children, are better able to serve their unique protection needs in today’s global context. Susanna Davies, Carol Batchelor 22 Mar 2017
57 Creative Commons FMR 54 - An unequal partnership: resettlement service providers in Australia The relationship between government and government-contracted refugee resettlement service providers in Australia needs to be based more on autonomy and trust. Niro Kandasamy 22 Mar 2017
58 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Refugee resettlement and activism in New Zealand From 2013 the Doing Our Bit campaign has been calling for New Zealand to double its refugee quota from 750 places to 1,500. Murdoch Stephens 22 Mar 2017
59 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Differential treatment of refugees in Ireland The Irish government makes considerable efforts to resettle Syrian refugees arriving through the UNHCR resettlement process but offers no support to those refugees – some of whom are also from Syria – who individually seek asylum. Natalya Pestova 22 Mar 2017
60 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Towards a new framework for integration in the US The view of integration in US resettlement policy is currently disconnected from the views of integration held by refugees themselves. Catherine Tyson 22 Mar 2017
61 Creative Commons FMR 54 - How refugee community groups support resettlement Refugee community groups often fill in service gaps after resettlement but remain unrecognised and not fully incorporated in formal resettlement processes. G Odessa Gonzalez Benson 22 Mar 2017
62 Creative Commons FMR 54 - US refugee exclusion practices The issue of ‘material support’ provided to an organisation deemed to be involved in terrorism has been fraught with contention in US immigration law circles, most often over the issue of support provided under duress. Katherine Knight 22 Mar 2017
63 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Security practices and resettlement A widely held misconception about the terrorist threat is particularly evident in refugee resettlement practices, where refugees are placed on a security continuum alongside transnational criminals and terrorists. Shoshana Fine 22 Mar 2017
64 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The Solidarity Resettlement Programme, and alternatives, in Latin America For more than a decade, the countries in the Southern Cone of South America have had a regional Solidarity Resettlement Programme. María José Marcogliese 22 Mar 2017
65 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Private refugee sponsorship in Canada For almost four decades, groups of Canadian private citizens have sponsored refugees for resettlement in addition to federal government resettlement programmes. Jennifer Hyndman, William Payne, Shauna Jimenez 22 Mar 2017
66 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The story of a small Canadian congregation sponsoring a refugee family Steps for private refugee sponsorship in Canada are not clearly spelled out for those seeking to be sponsors. While the process is rewarding, it is also challenging and sometimes frustrating. Shannon Tito, Sharolyn Cochand 22 Mar 2017
67 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Rethinking how success is measured Despite the Canadian Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program being praised for integrating refugees into the job market faster than government-assisted refugees, there may be limited cause for celebration. Chloe Marshall-Denton 22 Mar 2017
68 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Expectations of vulnerability in Australia The ability of refugees to gain admission to Australia is increasingly based on perceptions of helplessness, suffering and ‘deservingness’. One consequence is that men in particular are marginalised following resettlement. Alice M Neikirk 22 Mar 2017
69 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Resettlement of refugee youth in Australia: experiences and outcomes over time Findings from a longitudinal study of long-term resettlement experiences of refugee youth living in Melbourne show that refugee experiences – both pre- and post-resettlement – continue to influence opportunities and outcomes many years after arrival. Celia McMichael, Caitlin Nunn, Ignacio Correa-Velez, Sandra M Gifford 22 Mar 2017
70 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Rejecting resettlement: the case of the Palestinians Palestinian rejection of resettlement was driven by political concerns. This case study shows the importance of engaging directly with refugees when devising durable solutions Anne Irfan 22 Mar 2017
71 Creative Commons FMR 54 - The resettlement of Polish refugees after the second world war The passing of the Polish Resettlement Act and the creation of the different agencies related to it undoubtedly represented an unprecedented response to the challenge of mass migration in the UK. Agata Blaszczyk 22 Mar 2017
72 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Iraqi refugees in Spanish-speaking Californian communities Cultural orientation is necessary but needs to be appropriate for the realities of the place where refugees are resettled. Ken Crane, Lisa Fernandez 22 Mar 2017
73 Creative Commons FMR 54 - Resettlement: where’s the evidence, what’s the strategy? The aims and objectives of resettlement are poorly specified and the outcomes are poorly measured. For resettlement to be effective, it needs a much stronger evidence base and it needs improved coordination at the international level. Alexander Betts 22 Mar 2017
74 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - Ensuring the rights of climate-displaced people in Bangladesh Five critical areas require urgent action with the threat of internal displacement as a result of climate change already severe and growing in Bangladesh. Prabal Barua, Mohammad Shahjahan, Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Syed Hafizur Rahman 22 Mar 2017
75 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - When money speaks: behind asylum seekers’ consumption patterns The goods and services purchased by asylum seekers who were given an unconditional cash transfer demonstrate how their consumer behaviour extends beyond the fulfilment of immediate needs to addressing broader desires for community and belonging. Jonathan Goh, Sophie Kurschner, Tina Esmail, Jonathan van Arneman 22 Mar 2017
76 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - Migrant, refugee or minor? It matters for children in Europe. The capacity of child-rights institutions and children’s services in many European countries needs to be strengthened considerably if governments are to meet their commitments to refugee and migrant children. Kevin Byrne 22 Mar 2017
77 Creative Commons FMR 54 General - Statelessness determination: the Swiss experience While a detailed law on statelessness determination is recommended by UNHCR and others, Swiss practice in statelessness determination has evolved without one. Karen Hamann 22 Mar 2017
78 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - Post-deportation risks for failed asylum seekers What happens to people who are deported after their asylum applications have failed? Many who are deported are at risk of harm when they return to their country of origin but there is little monitoring done of deportation outcomes. Jill Alpes, Charlotte Blondel, Nausicaa Preiss, Meritxell Sayos Monras 22 Mar 2017
79 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - Risks encountered after forced removal: the return experiences of young Afghans New research has documented the outcomes for young asylum seekers forcibly removed from the UK to Afghanistan. Emily Bowerman 16 Mar 2017
80 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - A grim return: post-deportation risks in Uganda Neither the UK nor Uganda monitors what happens during and after deportation by the UK of failed Ugandan asylum seekers, despite evidence of violence and grave abuses of individuals’ human rights. Charity Ahumuza Onyoin 16 Mar 2017
81 Creative Commons FMR 54 Post-deportation mini-feature - The EU-Turkey deal: what happens to people who return to Turkey? People who return to Turkey under the EU-Turkey deal are detained and many risk onward deportation without access to legal aid and international protection. Sevda Tunaboylu, Jill Alpes 16 Mar 2017
82 FMR 53 - From the Editors This issue’s feature theme, ‘Local communities: first and last providers of protection’, looks at the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 12 Oct 2016
83 FMR 53 - Understanding and supporting community-led protection Supporting locally led protection strategies can significantly improve the impact of protection interventions. Nils Carstensen 12 Oct 2016
84 FMR 53 - Challenging the established order: the need to ‘localise’ protection The growing criticism of protection actors for neglecting indigenous coping strategies and capacities should prompt a radical, creative re-think of attitudes and approaches. Simon Russell 12 Oct 2016
85 FMR 53 - Women-led self-protection in Sudan In parts of Sudan, local NGOs and women’s groups have taken the lead in their own protection, and their considerable achievements have helped change the status of women in their communities. Nagwa Musa Konda, Leila Karim Tima Kodi, Nils Carstensen 12 Oct 2016
86 FMR 53 - “This group is essential to our survival”: urban refugees and community-based protection Nearly 60% of all refugees now live in cities, a trend that will continue as camps increasingly become an option of last resort. Jennifer S Rosenberg 12 Oct 2016
87 FMR 53 - Refugees as a first stop for protection in Kampala As Rwandan refugees in Kampala, I and others like me are uniquely placed to help newly arrived refugees find their feet in the city. The work is demanding but vital. Eugenie Mukandayisenga 12 Oct 2016
88 FMR 53 - Combatting dependency and promoting child protection in Rwanda Continuing dependence on aid that waxes and wanes with time and that comes largely from external sources can lead to feelings of powerlessness. It can furthermore undermine family- and community-based initiatives to protect children. Saeed Rahman, Simran Chaudhri, Lindsay Stark, Mark Canavera 12 Oct 2016
89 FMR 53 - Local action to protect communities in Nigeria Collaborative, creative initiatives in Nigeria helped protect local communities from much of the impact of Boko Haram violence. When international agencies arrived, however, they ignored these efforts. Margee Ensign 12 Oct 2016
90 FMR 53 - Refugees hosting refugees Acknowledging the widespread reality of ‘overlapping’ displacement provides an entry point to recognising and engaging with the agency of refugees and their diverse hosts in providing support and welcome to displaced people. Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh 12 Oct 2016
91 FMR 53 - Northern Uganda: protection in displacement, protection on return In the absence of international or state assistance and protection, community members in northern Uganda stepped in to fill this vacuum both during displacement and throughout the laborious return process following the conflict’s end. Denise Dunovant 12 Oct 2016
92 FMR 53 - Rethinking support for communities’ self-protection strategies: a case study from Uganda Local communities will continue to find ways to address the risks that confront them with or without humanitarian support but the international community may be able to enhance these solutions. Jessica A Lenz 12 Oct 2016
93 FMR 53 - Rebuilding lives in Colombia A grassroots women’s organisation in Colombia is working to protect women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence, and to support the healing of survivors. Emese Kantor 12 Oct 2016
94 FMR 53 - Community-based protection: the ICRC approach The ICRC tries to ensure that its activities on behalf of IDPs and those at risk of displacement support, rather than undermine, communities’ and individuals’ self-protection mechanisms and coping strategies. Angela Cotroneo, Marta Pawlak 12 Oct 2016
95 FMR 53 - Networks and ‘the right to the city’ in Medellín, Colombia Collective action by displaced people in Medellín has been both diverse and strategic. Jonathan Alejandro Murcia, James Gilberto Granada Vahos 12 Oct 2016
96 FMR 53 - Effective community-based protection programming: lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo Oxfam’s work with local communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has prompted the organisation to develop guidance for themselves and for others working in similar situations. Richard Nunn 11 Oct 2016
97 FMR 53 - Community Liaison Assistants: a bridge between peacekeepers and local populations Community Liaison Assistants may be UN peacekeeping’s most effective instrument for community engagement, with the potential to play a critical role in the protection of civilians. Janosch Kullenberg 11 Oct 2016
98 FMR 53 - Refugee community development in New Delhi Recognising that process is as important as outcomes, a community development approach can be effective in supporting local communities as providers of first resort. Linda Bartolomei, Mari Hamidi, Nima Mohamed Mohamud, Kristy Ward 11 Oct 2016
99 FMR 53 - Community policing in Kakuma camp, Kenya Community policing has become a popular way of promoting local ownership of security in refugee camps in Kenya and more widely, but it can also fall victim to its ambivalent position at the intersection of refugee communities and state policing. Hanno Brankamp 11 Oct 2016
100 FMR 53 - The role of community centres in offering protection: UNHCR and Al Ghaith Association in Yemen Community centres play an important role in offering protection for displaced communities, particularly for members of those communities who have specific needs. Nicolas Martin-Achard, Al Ghaith Association 11 Oct 2016