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displacement

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 60 - General - Implementing the Global Compacts: the importance of a whole-of-society approach The global community must now take incisive, coordinated action through a whole-of-society approach to push forward the effective implementation of the two Global Compacts. Tamara Domicelj, Carolina Gottardo 20 Feb 2019
2 FMR 60 - General - Localisation: we are frustrated, not stupid! The Grand Bargain promises much but an inherent lack of trust in the international system is hampering local capacity building. Listowell Efe Usen 20 Feb 2019
3 FMR 60 Evidence for education in emergencies: who decides and why it matters Analysis of educational research funding proposals submitted to Dubai Cares, a global education funder, indicates an alarming absence of input from local actors and end-users at all steps of the process. Nadeen Alalami 20 Feb 2019
4 FMR 60 - Feasible measurement of learning in emergencies: lessons from Uganda A new assessment tool aims to provide a rapid, holistic understanding of displaced learners' needs. Nikhit D'Sa, Allyson Krupar, Clay Westrope 20 Feb 2019
5 FMR 60 - Improving learning environments in emergencies through community participation An education in emergencies toolkit developed by Save the Children looks at how learning environments can be improved through community participation. Zeina Bali 20 Feb 2019
6 FMR 60 - Schooling gaps for Syrian refugees in Turkey Turkey and the wider international community must address gaps in educational provision so that Syrian refugees can access appropriate opportunities to learn. Melissa Hauber-Özer 20 Feb 2019
7 FMR 60 - Navigating curricula choices for Palestine refugees Curriculum choices matter greatly in countries that host large number of refugees for increasingly long periods of time. Jo Kelcey 20 Feb 2019
8 FMR 60 - Street schools and school buses: informal education provision in France In the face of increasingly limited access to schooling for asylum seekers and migrants in France, volunteer initiatives have sprung up to provide much-needed informal education. Maria Hagan 19 Feb 2019
9 FMR 60 - Early childhood development and psychosocial support in Syria Programming for early childhood development and psychosocial support needs to be able to evolve in order to cater for changing needs and to respond to emerging challenges. Fatima Khaddour 19 Feb 2019
10 FMR 60 - Foreword: Education – a humanitarian and development imperative For far too long, donors and the international community have neglected education in humanitarian response. Switzerland was no exception. Food, water, health and shelter were the usual priorities during emergencies, while education was considered more of Manuel Bessler 19 Feb 2019
11 FMR 60 - Gender equality in education in emergencies Evidence from programming built around this framework shows how a gender-responsive approach can alleviate the particular risks that face girls and boys during crisis and displacement. Eva Iversen, Else Oestergaard 19 Feb 2019
12 FMR 60 - From the editors In this issue of FMR, authors from around the world debate how better to enable access to quality education both in emergency settings and in resettlement and asylum contexts. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 01 Feb 2019
13 FMR 60 - Feeling safe enough to learn in a conflict zone Building an internal sense of safety while also teaching coping skills and how to remain alert to the very real risks outside is essential if psychosocial programming in Afghanistan is to provide a ‘safe space’ for children to learn in a context of high i Bethan McEvoy 01 Feb 2019
14 FMR 60 - Breaking the silence: sexual coercion and abuse in post-conflict education Experience from the Central African Republic makes clear that global efforts to increase numbers of children in school, particularly in conflict-affected areas and for displaced children, need to pay greater attention to safety and accountability. Sophie Bray-Watkins 01 Feb 2019
15 FMR 60 - Strengthening education systems for long-term education responses Implementation of programmes in DRC and Nigeria demonstrates how the building blocks for long-term improvements can be laid in the earliest stages of an education in emergencies response, even in the most challenging contexts. Thea Lacey, Marcello Viola 01 Feb 2019
16 FMR 60 - Jordan: education policy in transition As the education sector in Jordan moves from a humanitarian to a development response, a lack of planning for an appropriate transition risks excluding some groups of learners. Julie Chinnery 01 Feb 2019
17 FMR 60 - Applying learning theory to shape 'good learning' in emergencies: experience from Dadaab, Kenya Applying one learning theory retrospectively to a non-formal education programme for youth shows how learning theories can be used to assess learning in diverse EiE programmes. Allyson Krupar, Marina L Anselme 01 Feb 2019
18 FMR 60 - Child-friendly spaces: enhancing their role in improving learning outcomes Providing psychosocial support to children through the medium of child-friendly spaces can improve learning outcomes for children but requires more localised, partnership-driven and gender-responsive approaches and strengthened monitoring and evaluation. Gurvinder Singh, Charlotte Tocchio 01 Feb 2019
19 FMR 60 - Refugee children with communication disability in Rwanda: providing the educational services they need Research undertaken in Rwanda aims to provide firm evidence for use in improving access to inclusive educational services for refugee children with communication disability. Helen Barrett, Julie Marshall, Juliet Goldbart 01 Feb 2019
20 FMR 60 - Refugee education in Greece: integration or segregation? Although education policies have been devised to integrate these children into the Greek education system, these policies have actually led to some students being segregated. Giorgos Simopoulos, Antonios Alexandridis 01 Feb 2019
21 FMR 60 - Accessing and thriving in education in the UK Research shows that significant barriers confront refugee and asylum-seeker children arriving in the UK in terms of them getting into school and thriving in education. Catherine Gladwell 01 Feb 2019
22 FMR 60 - Learning in resettlement Education is a central element of resettled families’ lives and providing support to parents and children to learn about and integrate into the education system is essential. Marwa Belghazi 01 Feb 2019
23 FMR 60 - UK immigration policy: restrictions on asylum seekers' right to study Changes to immigration legislation in the UK have led to restrictions on many asylum seekers' right to study. Helen Baron 01 Feb 2019
24 FMR 60 - 'Education is key to life': The the importance of education from the perspective of displaced learners Students on the University of East London's OLIve course – a preparatory course for university access specifically tailored to refugees and asylum seekers in the UK – share experiences of accessing education as displaced learners. OLIve course Students, IT trainer, director of the OLIve course 01 Feb 2019
25 FMR 60 - Educating unaccompanied children in US shelters Educational services provided to unaccompanied children in government-funded shelters in the US must be examined more critically in order to better meet the children’s varied needs – and federal standards for public education. Kylie Diebold, Kerri Evans, Emily Hornung 01 Feb 2019
26 FMR 60 - Teachers in displacement: learning from Dadaab Despite the challenges they face, refugee teachers believe in the potential of education to transform the lives of refugee learners and communities. Their voices and needs must inform refugee education provision in order to improve access and outcomes. Mohamed Duale, Ochan Leomoi, Abdullahi Aden, Okello Oyat 01 Feb 2019
27 FMR 60 - Child labour and school attendance in Turkey Promoting self-sufficiency for displaced populations can have the unintended consequence of undermining efforts to provide education for all Syrian children. Ozlem Erden 01 Feb 2019
28 FMR 60 - Inter-sectoral cooperation for Afghan refugee education in Iran A recent decree in Iran removed a legal barrier to undocumented refugee children attending school but other barriers remain. One non-governmental organisation discusses the successes and challenges of adopting an inter-sectoral approach. Reem Shammout, Olivier Vandecasteele 01 Feb 2019
29 FMR 60 - Connected learning: the future for higher education? Higher education institutions in Lebanon should consider how connected learning can improve access to higher education for young refugees and members of the host community. Hana Addam El-Ghali, Emma Ghosn 01 Feb 2019
30 FMR 60 - Connected learning: a refugee assessment Connected learning offers the opportunity to expand access to higher education for refugees, benefiting both individuals and communities. Moise Dushime, Eugenie Manirafasha, Kalenga Mbonyinshuti 01 Feb 2019
31 FMR 60 - The importance of access and accreditation: learning from the Thailand–Myanmar border The displaced community on the Thailand–Myanmar border has long provided for the basic educational needs of large numbers of children. Providing accredited education, however, remains a struggle. Mary Purkey, Megan Irving 01 Feb 2019
32 FMR 60 - Adult literacy: an essential component of the CRRF Literacy needs among the refugee populations of Uganda and Ethiopia are vast, yet although both are CRRF pilot countries – and therefore in theory committed to promoting literacy – functional adult literacy is barely supported at all. Massimo Lanciotti 01 Feb 2019
33 FMR 59 General - Assisting displaced people: a shared responsibility Enyimba kwe nu. When we work together, we achieve more. Iwuoha Chima Iwuoha 30 Oct 2018
34 Creative Commons Vulnerability, Poverty, Displacement and the absence of Interim Arrangements: Karen Communities in Ceasefire areas of Southeast Burma/Myanmar Tim Schroeder speaks at the 'The Karen in 2017: Resilience, Aspirations and Politics' workshop on 15 June 2017. Tim Schroeder 04 Jul 2018
35 FMR 57 - Balancing the rights of displaced, returning and remaining populations: learning from Iraq The return of some 3.1 million IDPs in Iraq to their places of origin is seen as a benchmark of success in the aftermath of the recent civil war. However, the situation is complex. Nadia Siddiqui 27 Feb 2018
36 FMR 56 - Criminal violence in Honduras as a driver of displacement The impact of violence is felt daily in the Northern Triangle of Central America and is a major driver of displacement, yet its very nature obstructs identification of and access to those in need of protection. Suzanna Nelson-Pollard 31 Oct 2017
37 FMR 56 - New drivers of displacement in Colombia Violence and displacement have not ended with the signing of the peace agreement in Colombia. Alfredo Campos García 31 Oct 2017
38 FMR 56 - Venezuelan displacement: a challenge to Brazil Brazil must strengthen its reception and integration of fleeing Venezuelans. Helisane Mahlke, Lilian Yamamoto 31 Oct 2017
39 FMR 56 General - Towards a development approach to displacement o better respond to displacement, we need to adopt a medium- to long-term perspective rooted in development as well as humanitarian principles. Xavier Devictor 30 Oct 2017
40 Energy for the Displaced part three Michael Keating and Glada Lahn (Chatham House) give a talk for the Energy for the Displaced panel. Michael Keating, Glada Lahn 02 Dec 2016
41 Energy for the Displaced part two Ben Good (GVEP International) gives a talk for the Energy for the Displaced panel. Ben Good 02 Dec 2016
42 Energy for the Displaced part one Christopher Baker-Brian (BBOXX) gives a talk for the Energy for the Displaced panel. Christopher Baker-Brian 02 Dec 2016
43 FMR 53 - Northern Uganda: protection in displacement, protection on return In the absence of international or state assistance and protection, community members in northern Uganda stepped in to fill this vacuum both during displacement and throughout the laborious return process following the conflict’s end. Denise Dunovant 12 Oct 2016
44 FMR 52 - Development cooperation and addressing ‘root causes' Development has its place in dealing with the roots of displacement but it is not an alternative to important measures. Steffen Angenendt, Anne Koch, Amrei Meier 15 Aug 2016
45 FMR 52 - Conceptual challenges and practical solutions in situations of internal displacement In situations of internal displacement, a variety of political, operational, ethical and practical challenges complicate our understanding and response and the adequate implementation of durable solutions. Chaloka Beyani, Natalia Krynsky Baal, Martina Caterina 12 Jul 2016
46 Creative Commons Memoir and Mortality, Silence in the Archives Conference Panel 4a This podcast is one of ten podcasts recorded at the 'Silence in the Archives' conference hosted by the Oxford Centre of Life-Writing at Wolfson College, Oxford on 7 November 2015. Wendy Jones, Sophie Coulombeau, Joetta Harty 16 Feb 2016
47 Creative Commons Documenting Displacement, Silence in the Archives Conference Panel 4b This podcast is one of ten podcasts recorded at the 'Silence in the Archives' conference hosted by the Oxford Centre of Life-Writing at Wolfson College, Oxford on 7 November 2015. Molly Mann, Carrie Crockett, Lorraine Paterson 16 Feb 2016
48 Creative Commons FMR 49 - From the Editors An introductory note on FMR 49, 'Disasters and displacement in a changing climate', from the Editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 18 Jun 2015
49 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Forward In order to make progress on disasters, climate change and human mobility, it is essential to bring together different strands of the discussion to develop a comprehensive response that also anticipates future challenges associated with climate change. Børge Brende, Didier Burkhalter 18 Jun 2015
50 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The Nansen Initiative: building consensus on displacement in disaster contexts The Nansen Initiative consultative process has identified a toolbox of potential policy options to prevent, prepare for and respond to the challenges of cross-border displacement in disaster contexts, including the effects of climate change. Walter Kälin 18 Jun 2015
51 Creative Commons FMR 49 - National Adaptation Plans and human mobility In order to avoid displacement when possible, displacement and human mobility issues need to be better integrated within national and regional adaptation planning processes. Koko Warner, Walter Kälin, Susan Martin, Youssef Nassef 18 Jun 2015
52 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The state of the evidence Researchers have much to do, not only to understand climate- and disaster-induced migration but also to transmit their understanding for the use of policymakers and practitioners. Justin Ginnetti 18 Jun 2015
53 Creative Commons FMR 49 - The necessity for an ethnographic approach in Peru A movement of people is rarely explained by environmental or climatic factors alone. Therefore an analysis which does not take into consideration the cultural consequences of climate change for affected societies is incomplete. Geremia Cometti 18 Jun 2015
54 Creative Commons FMR 49 - An integrated focus The key to successfully addressing the challenges of environmental, climatic and natural disasters is integrating migration concerns – including displacement – into all climate change, disaster risk reduction and development policies and frameworks. William Lacy Swing 18 Jun 2015
55 Creative Commons FMR 49 - West Africa: a testing ground for regional solutions West Africa has a very mobile population and high vulnerability to natural hazards. It also, however, has a number of regional cooperation agreements and may therefore be a useful testing ground for addressing cross-border disaster displacement. Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui, Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
56 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Development and displacement risks The impact of climate change induces systemic patterns of socio-economic erosion that also affect the dynamics of disaster displacement and that require parallel responses. Glaucia Boyer, Matthew McKinnon 18 Jun 2015
57 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Developing temporary protection in Africa Formalised temporary protection arrangements in Africa could significantly improve access to territory and human rights for people displaced across borders by disasters. Such arrangements must adhere to states’ existing protection obligations. Tamara Wood 18 Jun 2015
58 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Climate effects on nomadic pastoralist societies Oman and Mongolia reflect the modern climatic and social challenges to mobile pastoral livelihoods. Dawn Chatty, Troy Sternberg 18 Jun 2015
59 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Preparing for planned relocation Preparing for planned relocation FMR 18 Jun 2015
60 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Lessons from planned relocation and resettlement in the past Placing contemporary deliberations about relocation within a longer historical and intellectual framework reveals unexpected connections and salutary lessons. Jane McAdam 18 Jun 2015
61 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Post-disaster resettlement in urban Bolivia Post-disaster resettlement programmes can be unsuitable and ineffective, often exacerbating the vulnerability of people to the effects of climate change. Gemma Sou 18 Jun 2015
62 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Focusing on climate-related internal displacement Global attention should place a primary focus on the application of best practice and the development of innovative initiatives to solve climate-related internal displacement, rather than on grappling with the far rarer movements of people across borders. Scott Leckie, Ezekiel Simperingham 18 Jun 2015
63 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Brazil’s draft law for environmental migrants Brazil is developing a long-term solution for filling a legislative gap affecting environmental migrants. Isabela Piacentini de Andrade 18 Jun 2015
64 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Disasters, displacement and a new framework in the Americas There is a startling range of positive examples of national law, policy and practice all across the Americas that states have used to respond to the migratory consequences of disasters. David James Cantor 18 Jun 2015
65 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Temporary protection arrangements to fill a gap in the protection regime Predictable measures are needed to provide protection for people displaced across borders by disasters, where there is currently a gap. Volker Türk 18 Jun 2015
66 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Refugees, climate change and international law How can the category of ‘climate refugee’ be considered within international law in the 21st century? María José Fernández 18 Jun 2015
67 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Displacement as a consequence of climate change mitigation policies Climate change mitigation policies and ‘green solutions’, such as biofuels, are also creating displacement. Sara Vigil 18 Jun 2015
68 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Statelessness and environmental displacement Stateless people and migrants are at greater risk of displacement and are less likely to receive assistance; in turn, environmental displacement (especially multiple migrations) heightens the risk of becoming stateless. Jessie Connell 18 Jun 2015
69 Creative Commons FMR 49 - A role for strategic litigation Strategic litigation to protect individuals at risk can usefully support higher-level protection initiatives. Matthew Scott 18 Jun 2015
70 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Floods and migration in the Czech Republic Residents’ strategies are generally aimed at either protection from or adaptation to flooding. Large-scale migration from the floodplains of rivers has not been seriously considered, even in high-risk zones. Robert Stojanov, Ilan Kelman, Barbora Duží 18 Jun 2015
71 Creative Commons FMR 49 - 'One Safe Future’ in the Philippines The Philippine government’s ‘One Safe Future’ programme relocated disaster-affected poor families in areas where structures enabling opportunities are lacking. Lloyd Ranque, Melissa Quetulio-Navarra 18 Jun 2015
72 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Cross-border migration with dignity in Kiribati The ‘migration with dignity’ policy is part of Kiribati’s long-term nation-wide relocation strategy. Karen E McNamara 18 Jun 2015
73 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Land, disasters and mobility in the South Pacific The adaptive characteristics of customary land systems deserve greater recognition in disaster or climate change policy frameworks. Daniel Fitzpatrick 18 Jun 2015
74 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Not drowning but fighting: Pacific Islands activists Focusing on climate-induced migration, rather than mitigation, can be at odds with grassroots demands and can make the future uninhabitability of some Pacific Islands appear as a foregone conclusion. Hannah Fair 18 Jun 2015
75 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Samoa: local knowledge, climate change and population movements The voices of scientists, academics, politicians and development practitioners dominate the climate change debate, yet local knowledge, values and beliefs are essential elements of navigating the way forward for affected communities. Ximena Flores-Palacios 18 Jun 2015
76 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Facilitating voluntary adaptive migration in the Pacific Voluntary adaptive migration across int'l borders will be a critical component of an overall adaptation strategy for at-risk individuals and households in the Pacific in order to increase their resilience to natural hazards and prevent future displicement Bruce Burson, Richard Bedford 18 Jun 2015
77 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Integrating resilience in South Asia Communities can strengthen their resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and poverty reduction measures. Mi Zhou, Dorien Braam 18 Jun 2015
78 Creative Commons FMR 49 - “Everyone likes it here” Sea-level rise threatens communities of the Lakshadweep islands. But what happens when belongingness, religious beliefs and the identity of being an islander make them stay? Himani Upadhyay, Ilan Kelman, Divya Mohan 18 Jun 2015
79 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building adaptive capacity in Assam A starting point for adapting to longer-term climate change could be adaptation to short-term climate variability and extreme events. Making more informed choices about the use of remittances can enhance the adaptive capacity of receiving households. Soumyadeep Banerjee, Suman Bisht, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra 18 Jun 2015
80 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Mixed motivations and complex causality in the Mekong Many climate change-affected communities have already been using migration as a means to adapt to and withstand the challenges to their livelihoods and security. Strengthening of existing protections for all migrants is clearly advantageous. Jessica Marsh 18 Jun 2015
81 Creative Commons FMR 49 - One good reason to speak of ‘climate refugees’ The concept of ‘environmental refugees’, or ‘climate refugees’, has been progressively abandoned, as having no legal basis. I want to argue that there are good reasons to use the term. Francois Gemenne 18 Jun 2015
82 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Governance questions for the international community The Nansen Initiative has highlighted significant questions about how the international community should collectively think about displacement and mobility issues relating to natural disasters and climate change, and how to improve the governance thereof. Alexander Betts 18 Jun 2015
83 Creative Commons FMR 49 - Building respectful solutions Tribes in coastal Alaska and Louisiana in the United States are among the communities at immediate risk of displacement due to climate change impacts. Colleen Swan, Chief Albert P Naquin, Stanley Tom 18 Jun 2015
84 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - The Cartagena process: 30 years of innovation and solidarity The 30th anniversary of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration offers the opportunity to consider the achievements of the Cartagena process and the specific characteristics that make it so remarkable. Carlos Maldonado Castillo 18 Jun 2015
85 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Trafficking for human organs Trafficking of people for their organs is an emerging transnational crime that has failed to receive sufficient international attention. Vladimir Makei 18 Jun 2015
86 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Refugee-state distrust on the Thai-Burma border Distrust between refugees and their state of origin must be given due consideration in institutional approaches to repatriation of refugees, on the Thai-Burma border and in other refugee contexts worldwide. Karen Hargrave 18 Jun 2015
87 Creative Commons FMR 49 General - Animals and forced migration Harm to animals resulting from forced migration of people is intricately interwoven with and contingent upon the simultaneous suffering of humans. Piers Beirne, Caitlin Kelty-Huber 18 Jun 2015
88 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Humanitarian innovation, humanitarian renewal? The continued evolution of the humanitarian innovation concept needs a critical engagement with how this agenda interacts with previous and contemporary attempts to improve humanitarian action. Kristin Bergtora Sandvik 12 Jan 2015
89 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation and new ways of working across sectors Humanitarian actors will have to adapt to a changing world but it will not be easy or straightforward. Operations are changing as a result of innovations which bring many improvements but also throw up challenges. Erik Abild 12 Jan 2015
90 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation for equity in Lebanon Innovative approaches in Lebanon aim to address, in two very different ways, the particular needs of the most vulnerable among the refugee and host populations. Luciano Calestini 12 Jan 2015
91 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation and refugee livelihoods: a historical perspective It is difficult to speak convincingly of ‘new’ or innovative practices towards refugees, especially in refugee livelihoods assistance, while there remains a significant gap in historical knowledge and institutional memory. Evan Elise Easton-Calabria 12 Jan 2015
92 An afternoon on Syrian displacement, and protection in Europe (Part 2) This event marked the launch of the RSC Policy Briefing 'Protection in Europe for refugees from Syria' and Forced Migration Review issue 47 on 'The Syria crisis, displacement and protection' Dawn Chatty, Cynthia Orchard, Andrew Miller 08 Dec 2014
93 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Entrepreneurship and innovation by refugees in Uganda In order to make a living, refugees have to be innovative, and refugees in Uganda have contributed tremendously to entrepreneurship and innovation in the country. Robert Hakiza 08 Dec 2014
94 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Resettlement and livelihoods innovation in the US Conversations with multiple stakeholders in the US help to highlight barriers to economic self-sufficiency for resettled refugees and opportunities for innovative approaches. Faith Nibbs 08 Dec 2014
95 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - UNHCR Ideas: an online platform for change ‘UNHCR Ideas’ aims to enable collaborative problem solving and idea generation among an online community. Alice Bosley 08 Dec 2014
96 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Technology, production and partnership innovation in Uganda Since 2007 a partnership between UNHCR, the Government of Uganda and ‘MakaPads’ inventor Moses Musaazi has helped provide affordable sanitary pads for thousands of refugee girls and women. Moses Musaazi 08 Dec 2014
97 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Learning curves and collaboration in reconceiving refugee settlements A collaboration between UNHCR, Ennead Architects and Stanford University uses settlement design to promote innovation and further development in the refugee protection model but collaborators initially face a steep learning curve. Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, Aparna Surendra 02 Dec 2014
98 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Innovation: what, why and how for a UN organisation The purpose of innovation is to make humanitarian work more effective and more reflective. We do innovation to improve human lives by doing things better. Innovation, for UNHCR, is a humanitarian imperative to be carried out with partners. T Alexander Aleinikoff 02 Dec 2014
99 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - Introduction: refugees and innovation Doing innovation well presents challenges for how we can work better together as organisations and with displaced people, and how we can break down traditional barriers between actors – all while upholding ethical principles and protection standards. Alexander Betts 02 Dec 2014
100 Creative Commons FMR Innovation and Refugees - From the editors From the editors Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 02 Dec 2014