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DRC: Past. Present. Future? (Forced Migration Review 36)

The Democratic Republic of Congo is unfortunately synonymous with its dreadful past and its terrible present, despite its beauty, complex history and unachieved potential. Locked not only into its own internal troubles but also into those of the Great Lakes region, it has provided more than enough material on forced migration, violence and political quagmires for the latest issue of FMR.

While the articles contained in this issue of FMR make grim reading, they also offer glimmers of hope for better outcomes, at least potentially, alongside analysis of how and why these things have been happening. Authors come from Congolese civil society, UN agencies and NGOs, Congolese and donor governments, and international research – and include articles by the former UN Relief Coordinator John Holmes and the former Humanitarian Coordinator in DRC Ross Mountain. This issue also contains a further seven articles on other forced migration-related subjects.

See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/DRCongo#sthash.AyUW37UP.dpuf

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 Creative Commons FMR 36 The road from Kabul New UNHCR research investigates the motivations for and challenges associated with the migration of young Afghans to Europe. Lucia Cipullo, Jeff Crisp 09 Apr 2013
2 Creative Commons FMR 36 The pervertibility of refugee status The desire to categorise all those seeking refuge throws up continuing challenges to traditions of hospitality and to the realisation of migrants' rights. Ana Paula Penchaszadeh 09 Apr 2013
3 Creative Commons FMR 36 The Kampala Convention and protection from arbitrary displacement The Kampala Convention breaks new ground in elevating the right to be protected from arbitrary displacement to a binding legal norm. Maria Stavropoulou 09 Apr 2013
4 Creative Commons FMR 36 Safe and suitable return for women fleeing conflict in Liberia When women migrants return, they can face daunting challenges to re-integration but can also contribute to development and transforming societies. Victoria Ijeoma Nwogu 09 Apr 2013
5 Creative Commons FMR 36 The displaced also protest Displaced people in Colombia are resorting to mass demonstrations to persuade their government to assume its responsibilities towards them. Freddy A Guerrero, Estefanía Vanegas 09 Apr 2013
6 Creative Commons FMR 36 Rumour versus information Central to Iraqi refugees' efforts to resolve the question of their immediate future is their access to good information about resettlement and return. Adam Saltsman 09 Apr 2013
7 Creative Commons FMR 36 What hope for IDPs in a new Sudan? The most probable outcome of the 2011 referendum is that Southern Sudan secedes from the North, breaking Sudan into two independent nation states. Taghrid Hashim Ahmed 09 Apr 2013
8 Creative Commons FMR 36 Foundations for repatriation and peace in DRC Parties to the protracted Congolese conflict have long promoted fear of 'the other' and a thirst for revenge; these attitudes must be addressed if peace is to have a chance. Vanessa Noël Brown 09 Apr 2013
9 Creative Commons FMR 36 Of tripartites, peace and returns After international agreements covering the return of refugees to Equateur and North Kivu, the challenge is to create local structures that can make the agreements work. Steve Hege 09 Apr 2013
10 Creative Commons FMR 36 Return in the political context of North Kivu Durable returns of IDPs and refugees into some of the most densely populated areas in eastern DRC are never going to be a simple exercise. Fergus Thomas 09 Apr 2013
11 Creative Commons FMR 36 Refugee return and root causes of conflict Since independence, violent conflicts in eastern DRC have been linked to access to land, affirmation of ethnic identities and competition for political control. Maria Lange 09 Apr 2013
12 Creative Commons FMR 36 Training trainers in reproductive health The cascade training model has brought clinical training closer to the areas in DRC most in need of skilled staff to serve conflict-affected women experiencing complications in pregnancy and childbirth. Boubacar Toure, Hélène Harroff-Tavel, Sara Casey, Tegan Culler 09 Apr 2013
13 Creative Commons FMR 36 ICRC: careful analysis is the key In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) combines its protection and assistance activities and focuses on 'priority zones' where armed actors are present. Alena Koscalova, Elena Lucchi, Sabine Kampmüller 09 Apr 2013
14 Creative Commons FMR 36 Innovation in cash-voucher programming Cash vouchers offer flexibility, enabling payment for school fees as well as for basic necessities. They also empower people who, in displacement, have been deprived of choice. Kokoévi Sossouvi 09 Apr 2013
15 Creative Commons FMR 36 The Data Centre for IDPs in North Kivu Effective provision of aid and protection for those displaced in eastern DRC requires reliable data which the new Data Centre in North Kivu is helping to provide. Laura Jacqueline Church 09 Apr 2013
16 Creative Commons FMR 36 Civil society and the displaced persons of Bandundu Local organisations in Bandundu province located in western DRC are struggling to meet the needs of displaced persons in the absence of government or international assistance. Pierre Sossou, Boanerges M’Paty, Fulgence Buzika 08 Apr 2013
17 Creative Commons FMR 36 DRC: a donor perspective Donor engagement in DRC is more important than ever but donors need to reassess their strategies. Seb Fouquet 08 Apr 2013
18 Creative Commons FMR 36 Too big to fail The UN integrated mission in DRC and the piloting of humanitarian reform there have been necessarily innovative in a challenging context. Ross Mountain 08 Apr 2013
19 Creative Commons FMR 36 Press-ganged children Addressing the fate of children who are recruited into armed conflicts is not as simple as demanding their exclusion from those conflicts. Axel Poullard 08 Apr 2013
20 Creative Commons FMR 36 Evictions from DRC's protected areas There is an increasing number of people who are being evicted from DRC's 'protected areas' both by the government and by international conservation organisations. Kai Schmidt-Soltau 08 Apr 2013
21 Creative Commons FMR 36 Not going home: displaced youth after war In preparing for a post conflict DRC, we should be more aware of young people's aspirations, the opportunities open to them, and the challenges they face in building a decent life. Timothy Raeymaekers 08 Apr 2013
22 Creative Commons FMR 36 Land, IDPs and mediation Unmanaged resettlement of IDPs in eastern DRC might threaten an already fragile security situation. Baptiste Raymond 08 Apr 2013
23 Creative Commons FMR 36 Land and property disputes impeding return and reintegration A survey conducted by UNHCR in 2009 in IDP camps in North Kivu shows that access to land is the second factor after security which prevents people from returning to their zone of origin. Oumar Sylla 08 Apr 2013
24 Creative Commons FMR 36 Preventing sexual violence While there has been more focus on assistance to survivors of sexual violence after they have been attacked, not enough resources or political attention are devoted to preventing these acts of violence from occurring in the first place. Melanie Teff, Camilla Campisi 08 Apr 2013
25 Creative Commons FMR 36 Protection from sexual violence in DRC While service provision for survivors of sexual violence is the top priority, protection for women and girls can also be improved in DRC. Sarah Mosely, Talita Cetinoglu, Marit Glad 08 Apr 2013
26 Creative Commons FMR 36 Beyond the silence: sexual violence in eastern DRC The sexual violence laws introduced in DRC in 2006 have had only limited impact. A much louder condemnation of rape and a far more proactive approach to prevention are urgently needed. Jessica Keralis 08 Apr 2013
27 Creative Commons FMR 36 Displacement trends in DRC Internal displacement has plagued the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for nearly 20 years. This article provides an overview of the scale and causes of displacement. Greta Zeender, Jacob Rothing 08 Apr 2013
28 Creative Commons FMR 36 The role of governance and research Forced migration is not new to DRC but its extent and its consequences are still shocking. Good governance and research must play a stronger role if life is to improve for the citizens of DRC. Bernard Mumpasi Lututala 08 Apr 2013
29 Creative Commons FMR 36 The dynamics of instability in eastern DRC The conflict in eastern Congo has been the most deadly one since the second World War, and its social consequences have been disastrous. Solutions to the conflict must look to the long term. Pierre Jacquemot 08 Apr 2013
30 Creative Commons FMR 36 A scandal that needs to end While the crisis in the Kivus has been a focus of action and advocacy by the international community for decades, further conflicts have been proliferating in all four corners of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). John Holmes 08 Apr 2013