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Oxford Department of International Development

The Oxford Department of International Development is the hub for the University of Oxford's work in development and a unit of the University's Social Sciences Division. Its objective is to conduct high level research which advances understanding of the complex economic, social and political processes of change in countries in the poorer parts of the world and to educate students to understand these processes in disciplinary and multi-disciplinary perspective. The Department is located at Queen Elizabeth House in Mansfield Road and is often referred to as 'QEH'.

Series associated with Oxford Department of International Development

Afghanistan’s displaced people (Forced Migration Review 46)
Children and Youth in a Changing World
Climate change and disasters (Forced Migration Review 49)
Crisis (Forced Migration Review 45)
Dayton +20 (Forced Migration Review 50)
Destination: Europe (Forced Migration Review 51)
Detention and deportation (Forced Migration Review 44)
Disability and displacement (Forced Migration Review 35)
DRC: Past. Present. Future? (Forced Migration Review 36)
Economies: rights and access to work (Forced Migration Review 58)
Faith and displacement (Forced Migration Review 48)
Humanitarian Innovation Conference 2015: Facilitating Innovation
ICT for Development (ICT4D)
Innovation and refugees (Forced Migration Review, supplement 2014)
International Migration Institute
Latin America and the Caribbean (Forced Migration Review 56)
LGBTQI and forced migrants (Forced Migration Review 42)
Local communities: first and last providers of protection (Forced Migration Review 53)
North Africa and displacement (Forced Migration Review 39)
ODID Distinguished Speaker Lectures
Oxford Diasporas Programme
Preventing displacement (Forced Migration Review 41)
Refugee Studies Centre
Resettlement (Forced Migration Review 54)
Shelter in displacement (Forced Migration Review 55)
States of fragility (Forced Migration Review 43)
Syrians in displacement (Forced Migration Review 57)
Technology and Management for Development
The Syria crisis (Forced Migration Review 47)
The technology issue (Forced Migration Review 38)
The Theory and Practice of Immigration Detention Workshop
Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions (Forced Migration Review 52)
Twenty Years of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (Forced Migration Review 59)
# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 59 - From the editors In the 20 years since they were launched, the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement have been of assistance to many States responding to internal displacement, and have been incorporated into many national and regional policies and laws. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 06 Nov 2018
2 FMR 59 - Foreword: The 20th anniversary of the Guiding Principles – building solidarity, forging commitment 2018 marks the 20th anniversary of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. Much has been achieved over the past 20 years but with over 40 million people internally displaced, we need to ask ourselves: Where do we go from here? Cecilia Jimenez-Damary 06 Nov 2018
3 FMR 59 - The GP20 Plan of Action: a rallying call to stakeholders A new Plan of Action seeks to build momentum and encourage more strategic action on advancing policy and practice in the area of internal displacement. Nadine Walicki, Elizabeth Eyster, Martina Caterina 06 Nov 2018
4 FMR 59 - Laws and policies on internal displacement: global adoption and gaps A new Global Database on IDP Laws and Policies reveals the areas – both geographical and topical – in which provision remains insufficient. Ileana Nicolau, Anaïs Pagot 06 Nov 2018
5 FMR 59 - Implementing the Guiding Principles at the domestic level Examples from a number of States who have successfully implemented their own IDP laws and policies reveal several factors that can assist effective implementation. Phil Orchard 06 Nov 2018
6 FMR 59 - Work in progress: the Guiding Principles in Georgia The Guiding Principles enjoy a long history of support in Georgia. However, their successful implementation is still a work in progress. Carolin Funke, Tamar Bolkvadze 06 Nov 2018
7 FMR 59 - The Kampala Convention and the right not to be arbitrarily displaced The drafters of the Kampala Convention drew heavily on the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, while also taking account of the African context; this is particularly evident in its recognition of the right not to be arbitrarily displaced. Romola Adeola 06 Nov 2018
8 FMR 59 - Language and the Guiding Principles There needs to be more attention paid to the languages and communication needs of those at risk of, experiencing and recovering from internal displacement. A case-study from Nigeria brings the issues to life. Ellie Kemp 06 Nov 2018
9 FMR 59 - Improving IDP data to help implement the Guiding Principles Reliable, comprehensive data are vital for effective programming and practice. Data quality can be improved in many ways to better reflect the Guiding Principles and provide evidence to support their implementation. Natalia Krynsky Baal, Laura Kivelä, Melissa Weihmayer 06 Nov 2018
10 FMR 59 - The Sustainable Development Goals and IDPs Having adopted the Sustainable Development Goals, States must be helped to make their promise to ‘leave no one behind’ a reality for IDPs. Greta Zeender 06 Nov 2018
11 FMR 59 - The importance of monitoring internal displacement The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development acknowledges the link between internal displacement and development, and States should therefore be including internal displacement when monitoring progress towards their development goals. Christelle Cazabat 06 Nov 2018
12 FMR 59 - Strengthening implementation of the Guiding Principles by affected States Engaging with States affected by internal displacement by facilitating peer-to-peer exchanges on shared challenges and through tapping into the potential for mobilisation by sub-regional and regional forums can prompt national action. Angela Cotroneo 06 Nov 2018
13 FMR 59 - Domesticating the Guiding Principles in Afghanistan Over the past 20 years, many governments have developed legal and policy instruments to help incorporate the Guiding Principles into national legislation or policy frameworks. Achieving effective, meaningful implementation, however, is hard. Nassim Majidi, Dan Tyler 06 Nov 2018
14 FMR 59 - Protecting property: the Iraqi experience Protection of property rights on a fair and non-discriminatory basis within Iraq’s multi-ethnic society is central to the end of displacement and the start of durable solutions. Sila Sonmez, Shahaan Murray, Martin Clutterbuck 06 Nov 2018
15 FMR 59 - The Guiding Principles and armed non-State actors Direct humanitarian engagement with these actors is required in order to help them improve their understanding of and compliance with the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. Carla Ruta, Heloise Ruaudel, Pascal Bongard 06 Nov 2018
16 FMR 59 - Addressing internal displacement in Ethiopia Among various new initiatives in Ethiopia to address both the short- and long-term needs of IDPs, the Durable Solutions Working Group is making some progress, despite the challenging context. Behigu Habte, Yun Jin Kweon 06 Nov 2018
17 FMR 59 - The Guiding Principles in international human rights courts The Guiding Principles have potential to support and complement international human rights law on internal displacement but they have had little explicit consideration by international and regional human rights courts and commissions. Deborah Casalin 06 Nov 2018
18 FMR 59 - A disaster approach to displacement: IDPs in the Philippines In the absence of a national policy on internal displacement, the Philippines has used a disaster management framework to address displacement caused by terrorism-related conflict in Marawi City. Reinna Bermudez, Francis Tom Temprosa, Odessa Gonzalez Benson 06 Nov 2018
19 FMR 59 - Planned relocation in Asia and the Pacific Promising policy developments are underway in Asia and the Pacific to address climate and disaster-related displacement, yet the deeper governance structures required to embed protection are not yet in place, especially for planned relocation. Jessie Connell, Sabira Coelho 06 Nov 2018
20 FMR 59 - Internal displacement beyond 2018: the road ahead The statistics and the challenges around internal displacement are daunting. However, much has been learned since the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement were launched in 1998. Alexandra Bilak, Avigail Shai 01 Nov 2018
21 FMR 59 General - Lessons from the 1990s for Belize today Belize is currently facing a refugee situation that in many ways is reminiscent of the Central American refugee crisis it dealt with, successfully, in the 1990s. Could lessons from the past be key to the most effective response today? Janice Marshall, Kelleen Corrigan 01 Nov 2018
22 FMR 59 General - Gender and livelihoods in Myanmar after development-induced resettlement Research on a resettlement programme in Myanmar underscores the pressing need for policymakers to understand the ways in which gender affects how different groups experience the impact of development-induced resettlement. Gillian Cornish, Rebekah Ramsay 01 Nov 2018
23 FMR 59 General - Working with peer researchers in refugee communities Refugee peer researchers can be a vital source of access, knowledge and assistance to refugee communities, and international researchers must consider how best to work collaboratively with them. William Bakunzi 01 Nov 2018
24 FMR 59 General - Valuing local humanitarian knowledge: learning from the Central African Republic The humanitarian community needs to better identify, collect, harness and disseminate the local humanitarian knowledge that is developed within protracted conflict settings by national NGOs. Brigitte Piquard, Luk Delft 31 Oct 2018
25 FMR 59 General - The Global Summit of Refugees and the importance of refugee self-representation In June 2018, 72 refugee representatives from 27 refugee-hosting countries gathered in Geneva for the first-ever Global Summit of Refugees. The Global Summit of Refugees Steering Committee 31 Oct 2018
26 FMR 59 General - Assisting displaced people: a shared responsibility Enyimba kwe nu. When we work together, we achieve more. Iwuoha Chima Iwuoha 30 Oct 2018
27 FMR 59 General - Exclusion of local actors from coordination leadership in child protection Despite multiple commitments to and much guidance on the desirability of local actors leading coordination at the national level, the reality is that they continue to be excluded. Umar Abdullahi Maina, Daniel Machuor, Anthony Nolan 30 Oct 2018
28 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - A field study of migration and adversity The migratory journeys of birds can reflect the same complexity of issues that trigger and affect human displacement. Derek Robertson 06 Aug 2018
29 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Animal and human health in the Sahrawi refugee camps Health challenges in the Sahrawi refugee camps in the Algerian desert are faced by both human and animal populations, and therefore responses must function for the benefit of both. Giorgia Angeloni, Jennifer Carr 06 Aug 2018
30 FMR 58 - From the editors In our main feature, authors explore the complex interactions of the constraints and opportunities involved, drawing on case-studies from around the world and highlighting the roles of new actors, new technologies and new-or renewed-approaches. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 10 Jul 2018
31 FMR 58 - Refugees’ right to work and access to labour markets: constraints, challenges and ways forward Host countries need to assess the potential for opening their labour markets to refugees, and enhancing access to decent work. Roger Zetter, Heloise Ruaudel 10 Jul 2018
32 FMR 58 - Supporting recently resettled refugees in the UK Organisations supporting recently resettled refugees to find employment should focus on providing them with the tools to navigate the employment market in a sustainable way that leads to their personal development. Marwa Belghazi 10 Jul 2018
33 FMR 58 - Integrating refugees into the Turkish labour market The granting to Syrian refugees in Turkey of the right to access formal work was a first step towards their economic integration but a number of challenges remain. Ximena V Del Carpio, Sirma Demir Seker, Ahmet Levent Yener 10 Jul 2018
34 FMR 58 - From refugee to employee: work integration in rural Denmark The launch of Red Cross Denmark’s Fast Track programme, which focuses on early refugee employment, offers an opportunity to explore the relationship between local employment of refugees and the sustainability of rural life. Martin Ledstrup, Marie Larsen 10 Jul 2018
35 FMR 58 - Integrating refugee doctors into host health-care systems Refugee doctors face a number of barriers to practising medicine, despite the significant contributions that they can make. Shahla Namak, Fatin Sahhar, Sarah Kureshi, Fadya El Rayess 10 Jul 2018
36 FMR 58 - Refugees’ engagement with host economies in Uganda Multi-sited fieldwork in Uganda allows for an exploration of the complex patterns of engagement between refugees’ economic activities and local economies, in urban, emergency and protracted settings. Naohiko Omata 10 Jul 2018
37 FMR 58 - Refugees and host communities in the Rwandan labour market In Rwanda, Congolese refugees have the same freedom of movement and right to work as Rwandans but the experiences and economic activities of these two populations are very different. Özge Bilgili, Craig Loschmann 10 Jul 2018
38 FMR 58 - The role of rural grocery stores in refugee reception Our research with rural grocery store managers in Denmark suggests that the integration of asylum centres into the local social and economic life in rural areas is a key factor in successful refugee reception. Zachary Whyte, Birgitte Romme Larsen, Mona Schaldemose 10 Jul 2018
39 FMR 58 - Collaboration with criminal organisations in Colombia: an obstacle to economic recovery Those seeking to support economic development for internally displaced people in Colombia need to understand how and why many IDPs collaborate with armed groups and criminal organisations. Christopher M Hays 10 Jul 2018
40 FMR 58 - Syrian economies: a temporary boom? Some displaced people and their host communities have benefited economically from the consequences of conflict in Syria’s Raqqa province. Others need support – and the type of support needed will change as circumstances change. Ahmad Al Ajlan 10 Jul 2018
41 FMR 58 - Obstacles to refugees’ self-reliance in Germany The majority of Germany’s refugees and asylum seekers rely on government welfare and face serious obstacles to self-reliance. Integration policies must eliminate these obstacles to promote mutual long-term benefits for refugees and their new communities. Elizabeth Ekren 10 Jul 2018
42 FMR 58 - The new world of work and the need for digital empowerment References are often made to forced migrants’ digital literacy, including use of smartphones to organise journeys and communicate once at their destinations. Other digital skills, including those relating to the workplace, are of greater relevance. Miguel Peromingo, Willem Pieterson 10 Jul 2018
43 FMR 58 - Investing in refugees: building human capital Investing in refugees’ well-being is a global public good, and the international community should work to reduce malnutrition and increase access to education for refugees in order to help build human capital and achieve better economic outcomes for all. Lili Mottaghi 10 Jul 2018
44 FMR 58 - Towards greater visibility and recruitment of skilled refugees Showcasing refugees’ skills connects refugees to global work opportunities, and also shifts narrative from one of refugees being burdens to host countries to one in which refugees are recognised as skilled workers for whom countries should be competing. Leah Nichles, Sayre Nyce 10 Jul 2018
45 FMR 58 - Validating highly educated refugees’ qualifications Qualification certificates play a central role in the labour market integration of highly educated refugees but validating them presents considerable challenges. Sweden and Norway have introduced some positive developments to address such difficulties. Katarina Mozetič 10 Jul 2018
46 FMR 58 - Refugee livelihoods: new actors, new models The international community is increasingly emphasising the need to bridge the humanitarian­–development gap. But what does this mean on the ground in terms of refugees’ livelihoods and economic inclusion? Ziad Ayoubi, Regina Saavedra 10 Jul 2018
47 FMR 58 - The macro-economic impacts of Syrian refugee aid A new study on the effects of humanitarian assistance in response to the Syria crisis finds significant positive impacts for regional economic growth and job creation. Tobias Schillings 10 Jul 2018
48 FMR 58 - Quality of work for Syrian refugees in Jordan Work permits have been at the centre of the policy debate on the hosting of Syrian refugees in Jordan. This approach needs also to involve ensuring decent working conditions for all. Maha Kattaa, Meredith Byrne 09 Jul 2018
49 FMR 58 - The gig economy in complex refugee situations Research with Syrian women refugees in Jordan suggests that, despite significant challenges, the gig economy has some potential to help refugees participate in host communities and to bolster their economic participation. Abigail Hunt, Emma Samman, Dina Mansour-Ille, Henrieke Max 09 Jul 2018
50 FMR 58 - The power of markets: lessons from Uganda Market-based approaches in northern Uganda demonstrate the benefits of supporting local markets instead of distributing in-kind aid. Alison Hemberger, Sasha Muench, Chelsea Purvis 09 Jul 2018
51 FMR 58 - Livelihoods programming and its influence on secondary migration Improving access to work, as well as livelihoods programming itself, is required if the lives and livelihoods of Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia are to improve. Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Clare Cummings, Nassim Majidi 09 Jul 2018
52 FMR 58 - The shortcomings of employment as a durable solution The refugee assistance regime that prevails today seems to insist that the best, or only, solution to protracted refugee situations is firmly rooted in improving access to employment. Nora Bardelli 09 Jul 2018
53 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Refugee-led social protection: reconceiving refugee assistance The help and assistance that refugees offer each other is central to the lives of many displaced people. Recognising this allows support for displaced people to be reconceived in more sustaining and empowering ways. Evan Easton-Calabria, Kate Pincock 09 Jul 2018
54 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Refugee paralegals Refugees in Kenya face multiple barriers to accessing their rights. The work of paralegals who are themselves refugees and who support and facilitate refugees’ access to justice offers a vital service. Musenga Tshimankinda Christian 09 Jul 2018
55 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Kobciye: empowering Somali refugees in Nairobi Established by a resettled Somali refugee and now under the leadership of his children, Kobciye resource centre works to empower Somali refugees in Eastleigh, Nairobi. Afrah Hassan 09 Jul 2018
56 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Syrian refugee-led organisations in Berlin Many of the approximately 50,000 Syrian refugees living in Berlin continue to depend largely on State assistance; some refugees have also created and found additional support in active, vibrant community initiatives. Jennifer Wood, Evan Easton-Calabria, Yahya Alaous 09 Jul 2018
57 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Refugee-led education in Indonesia Refugee-led education initiatives in West Java, Indonesia, show how refugee communities can work with supporters to overcome service gaps faced in host countries. Thomas Brown 09 Jul 2018
58 FMR 58 Refugee-led social protection - Lessons from LGBTIQ refugee-led community-based organisations The work of community-based organisations led by and in support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans*, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) refugees in Nairobi, Kenya, provides important insights. Hester K V Moore 09 Jul 2018
59 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Humans and animals in refugee camps More research is needed, across disciplines, to better understand the important and varied roles that animals play in the lives of people in refugee camps. Benjamin Thomas White 05 Jul 2018
60 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - The role of livestock in refugee-host community relations In South Sudan, tensions arose when refugees arrived with their livestock, disrupting the existing relationships between the local population and nomadic peoples. Charles Hoots 05 Jul 2018
61 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Working equids in refugee camps Refugee camps offer good opportunities for cooperation between humanitarian and animal welfare organisations for the benefit of displaced people and their working animals. Patrick J Pollock 05 Jul 2018
62 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Sheltering animals in refugee camps Animals play an important role in many people’s lives in displacement. Camp planners and managers need to take animals’ needs into greater account in order for displaced people to continue to benefit from this interaction. Lara Alshawawreh 05 Jul 2018
63 FMR 58 Humans and animals in refugee camps - Understanding risk in human–animal interactions There needs to be better understanding not only of the importance of animals in the lives of displaced people but also of the potential risks incurred by human–animal interactions and how best to mitigate these risks. Sara Owczarczak-Garstecka 05 Jul 2018
64 FMR 57 - From the editors This issue therefore focuses – as did the 2014 issue – on displacement from and within Syria. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 05 Mar 2018
65 FMR 57 - Foreword: Syria in 2018 – in search of solutions This important issue of Forced Migration Review draws our attention to the current challenges facing displaced Syrians and the continuing search for solutions. Noor Al Hussein 05 Mar 2018
66 FMR 57 - Protecting the dignity of displaced Syrians What does dignity mean to Syrian refugees and practitioners? And what can humanitarian organisations do – or abstain from doing – to help Syrians preserve and protect their dignity? Kholoud Mansour 05 Mar 2018
67 FMR 57 - One camp, three refugee groups: challenges for local NGOs Local non-governmental organisations in Lebanon's Bourj al-Barajneh camp face challenges in responding to the complex needs of three different refugee groups. Olfat Mahmoud, Rebecca Roberts 05 Mar 2018
68 FMR 57 - Refugee-led humanitarianism in Lebanon's Shatila camp Refugee-led humanitarian initiatives by 'established' Palestinian refugees in response to the arrival of 'new' displaced Syrians to Shatila camp raise key questions. Hind Sharif 05 Mar 2018
69 FMR 57 - The role of municipalities in ensuring stability Responses to crises in Lebanon's Beka'a region in 2017 show that refugee-hosting municipalities can be a pillar of peaceful coexistence and must be supported. Josep Zapater 05 Mar 2018
70 FMR 57 - Competing security and humanitarian imperatives in the Berm Approximately 60,000 Syrians are trapped in 'the Berm', a desolate area on the Syria-Jordan border. When security concerns are prioritised over humanitarian needs and aid agencies turn to militant groups to deliver aid, the consequences can be deplorable. Charles Simpson 05 Mar 2018
71 FMR 57 - Categorising Syrians in Lebanon as 'vulnerable' Vulnerability assessments are used by humanitarian actors to identify those at greater risk of harm but their use in the response to displaced Syrians in Lebanon is problematic. Maja Janmyr, Lama Mourad 28 Feb 2018
72 FMR 57 - Rethinking the lessons from Za'atari refugee camp Humanitarian efforts to build a model refugee camp when constructing Azraq camp in Jordan – drawing on what was supposed to have been learned in Za'atari camp – missed crucial aspects of Za'atari's governance. Melissa N Gatter 28 Feb 2018
73 FMR 57 - The neglected health needs of older Syrian refugees in Jordan In Jordan, the specific health needs of older Syrian refugees tend to be overlooked, due in part to a lack of data, institutional biases and the nature of the humanitarian response. Sigrid Lupieri 28 Feb 2018
74 FMR 57 - The importance of social capital in protracted displacement We hope to generate discussion about ways to further tailor assessments, targeting and programming in this and other situations of protracted displacement. Ana Uzelac, Jos Meester, Markus Goransson, Willem van den Berg 28 Feb 2018
75 FMR 57 - From vulnerability to resilience: improving humanitarian response Lessons from responses to the Syrian displacement crisis can inform broader discussions on how to build responses that better address vulnerability, support resilience and include displaced women, children and young people in all their diversity. Emma Pearce, Boram Lee 28 Feb 2018
76 FMR 57 - Syrian refugees: thinking beyond gender stereotypes The dominant gender narratives among NGOs responding to Syrian refugees, and their subsequent interventions, are based on sometimes simplistic understandings of the ‘traditional’ Syrian household and power dynamics. Michelle Lokot 28 Feb 2018
77 FMR 57 - How migration to Europe affects those left behind Families are frequently separated as a result of migration and displacement from the Middle East to Europe, yet humanitarian aid is often difficult to access and insufficient to meet the needs of those left behind. Megan Passey 28 Feb 2018
78 FMR 57 - Peace education and psychosocial support for social cohesion Evidence from psychosocial support-based peace education work with young displaced Syrians shows that addressing trauma is critical in overcoming psychological barriers to social cohesion. Ruth Simpson 28 Feb 2018
79 FMR 57 - Private sector engagement in refugee education The involvement of the private sector in providing education for Syrian refugees has much to commend it but greater consideration needs to be paid to the ethical and practical concerns that may arise. Zeena Zakharia, Francine Menashy 28 Feb 2018
80 FMR 57 - Caring for male and LGBTI sexual violence survivors: learning from local organisations Local organisations responding to the Syrian humanitarian crisis are at the forefront of providing care for both male and LGBTI survivors of sexual violence. Sarah Chynoweth 28 Feb 2018
81 FMR 57 - Child marriage in Jordan: breaking the cycle In seeking to combat the growing phenomenon of child marriage among Syrian refugees, it is vital to engage the whole range of actors involved, and to recognise that girls and boys have the capacity to address this issue in their own communities. Georgia Swan 28 Feb 2018
82 FMR 57 - Expanding economic opportunities in protracted displacement Welcome progress has been made towards realising commitments made by international donors and host country governments to expand economic opportunities for Syrian refugees and host communities in neighbouring countries. Miki Takahashi, Michael Moroz, Jonathan Peters, Jason Pronyk 27 Feb 2018
83 FMR 57 - Learning from the Jordan Compact Analysis of the implementation of the Jordan Compact offers three key lessons: governmental approval is important but not sufficient, the incorporation of critical voices is crucial, meeting numeric targets is not the same as achieving underlying goals. Katharina Lenner, Lewis Turner 27 Feb 2018
84 FMr 57 - Designing refugee compacts: lessons from Jordan Analysis of progress to date under the Jordan Compact highlights a number of shortcomings that need to be addressed if the model is to be used effectively elsewhere. Cindy Huang, Nazanin Ash, Katelyn Gough, Lauren Post 27 Feb 2018
85 FMR 57 - Turkey: between hospitality and hostility Recent political developments and changes in Turkey’s asylum law have had a significantly injurious impact on the safety and legal certainty of refugees in Turkey. Margarite Helena Zoeteweij-Turhan 27 Feb 2018
86 FMR 57 - Refugee youth, unemployment and extremism: countering the myth Refugee youth unemployment has been linked to increased risk of extremism and/or exploitation. Research indicates, however, that unemployment is just one of many factors triggering frustration among young refugees. Drew Mikhael, Julie Norman 27 Feb 2018
87 FMR 57 - Establishing legal identity for displaced Syrians Seven years of conflict have had a serious detrimental effect on many Syrians' ability to prove their legal identity. Martin Clutterbuck, Laura Cunial, Paola Barsanti, Tina Gewis 27 Feb 2018
88 FMR 57 - When is return voluntary? Conditions of asylum in Lebanon The decision of Syrian refugees in Lebanon to return to Syria must not be based on a deteriorating quality of asylum that creates physical, social and material pressures on decisions to return. Amy Keith, Nour Shawaf 27 Feb 2018
89 FMR 57 - Balancing the rights of displaced, returning and remaining populations: learning from Iraq The return of some 3.1 million IDPs in Iraq to their places of origin is seen as a benchmark of success in the aftermath of the recent civil war. However, the situation is complex. Nadia Siddiqui 27 Feb 2018
90 FMR 57 - Property restitution in post-conflict Syria Although restitution of property should underpin any post-conflict agreement, in Syria this will be a complex exercise. Adherence to the UN’s Pinheiro Principles will be critical. Martin Clutterbuck 27 Feb 2018
91 FMR 57 - Perspectives on the return of Syrian refugees There are many reasons why discussions about the imminent return of large numbers of Syrian refugees are premature. Leïla Vignal 27 Feb 2018
92 FMr 57 General - A vision for restitution in Myanmar People displaced in Myanmar during decades of civil conflict, as well as more recently displaced persons, need accessible legal pathways and assistance to regain access to their land and properties. José Arraiza, Scott Leckie 27 Feb 2018
93 FMr 57 General - The Gambia: a haven for refugees? Although not usually thought of as a haven of refugee protection, the Gambia has a fairly sizeable refugee population and some sophisticated legal frameworks and protection mechanisms. Franzisca Zanker 27 Feb 2018
94 FMR 57 General - Enhancing the protection of women and girls through the Global Compact on Refugees The consultative process involved in drafting the Global Compact on Refugees presents an ideal opportunity to ensure that gender equality is integral to this new international policy framework. Eileen Pittaway, Linda Bartolomei 27 Feb 2018
95 FMr 57 General - Italy’s 'Zampa' law: increasing protection for unaccompanied children Italy has enacted comprehensive legislation to protect the rights of unaccompanied children arriving in Italy. Joseph Lelliott 27 Feb 2018
96 FMR 57 General - Voluntary immobility: indigenous voices in the Pacific Indigenous people of the Pacific are increasingly expressing a preference to stay on their lands for cultural and spiritual reasons, even in the face of significant deterioration in health and livelihoods associated with climate change. Carol Farbotko 27 Feb 2018
97 FMR 57 General - The role of civil society in Hong Kong Local organisations can significantly assist with service provision, integration and advocacy. Roy Njuabe 27 Feb 2018
98 FMR 55 - Low-cost, locally available shelters in Pakistan Flooding in 2010 affected 18 million people in Pakistan. With declining donor funds and flooding again in 2011 and 2012, the humanitarian community required low-cost solutions that could be scaled up. Ammarah Mubarak, Saad Hafeez 18 Dec 2017
99 Creative Commons FMR 35 Disabilities among refugees and conflict-affected populations In 2007 the Women's Refugee Commission launched a major research project to assess the situation for those living with disabilities among displaced and conflict affected populations. Rachael Reilly 12 Dec 2017
100 FMR 56 - From the editors The region of Latin America and the Caribbean has long demonstrated hospitality towards those fleeing conflict and persecution within the region and further afield. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 31 Oct 2017