Over 4000 free audio and video lectures, seminars and teaching resources from Oxford University.
Skip to Content Skip to Navigation

Thank you for visiting! Please consider filling out our questionnaire. This will help us improve our service providing free educational media recorded from the University of Oxford. Many thanks!

Click here to access the survey (3 minutes to complete).

Crisis (Forced Migration Review 45)

Many people who are displaced, or become ‘trapped’, in the context of diverse humanitarian crises do not fit well within existing legal, policy and operational frameworks for the protection of refugees and IDPs. This raises questions about whether there needs to be – or can be – more systematic ways of dealing with assistance and protection for people affected by ‘crises’ such as environmental disruption, gang violence, nuclear disasters, food shortages and so on. FMR 45 contains 33 articles on crisis, migration and displacement, and eight general articles on other subjects relating to forced migration.

See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/crisis

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 Creative Commons FMR 45 Connecting and communicating after Typhoon Haiyan In the first month of the Typhoon Haiyan response, one of the priorities facing the international community was to re-establish internet connectivity in order to facilitate information sharing and the provision of assistance. Mariko Hall, Adam Ashcroft 07 Apr 2014
2 Creative Commons FMR 45 Internal displacement in Kenya: the quest for durable solutions Internal displacement in Kenya has been a challenge since the colonial era but only recently has a legal framework been developed to address IDP protection issues. Lucy Kiama, Fredrick Koome 07 Apr 2014
3 Creative Commons FMR 45 Dictatorships, refugees and reparation in the Southern Cone of Latin America Since the return of democracy to Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay there has been particular recognition of forced displacement within the framework of reparations for the abuses suffered under dictatorial governments. Juan Pablo Terminiello 07 Apr 2014
4 Creative Commons FMR 45 Perspectives of refugees on returning to Somalia MSF recently asked Somali refugees in Dadaab’s Dagahaley camp about their living conditions and their thoughts about returning to Somalia in the near future. Caroline Abu Sa’Da, Sergio Bianchi 07 Apr 2014
5 Creative Commons FMR 45 Opportunity to change Lebanon’s asylum policy Lebanon’s attitude towards the ‘Syrian exception’ can be used as the starting point for its policy to come into line with international refugee and human rights norms, standards and protection. Samira Trad 07 Apr 2014
6 Creative Commons FMR 45 Translating global education standards to local contexts Global standards such as the Education in Emergencies Minimum Standards need to be applied locally and this requires a thoughtful and committed contextualisation process. Carine Allaf, Tzvetomira Laub, Arianna Sloat 07 Apr 2014
7 Creative Commons FMR 45 The potential role of a racial discrimination law in Myanmar Ethnic discrimination has long fuelled violence and displacement within Myanmar, especially in relation to people of Rohingya ethnicity who have been fleeing in their ‘tens of thousands’ in 2013 alone. Nathan Willis 07 Apr 2014
8 Creative Commons FMR 45 New OAS Conventions protecting IDPs against racism and discrimination Two new Conventions approved in 2013 have the potential to offer greater protection to vulnerable groups, including IDPs, in the Americas. Maria Beatriz Nogueira 07 Apr 2014
9 Creative Commons FMR 45 The global governance of crisis migration There is no coherent or unified global governance framework for the different areas that have been subsumed under the umbrella of ‘crisis migration’. Alexander Betts 07 Apr 2014
10 Creative Commons FMR 45 Disaster risk reduction and mobility An essential step for advancing risk reduction measures at the local level is to define mobility-based indicators of vulnerability and resilience that can contribute to measuring and reducing human and economic losses resulting from disasters. Patrice Quesada 07 Apr 2014
11 Creative Commons FMR 45 On policies of hospitality and hostility in Argentina Following the Haiti earthquake of 2010, Argentina and other South American countries undertook to receive Haitians. Irene Duffard Evangelista 07 Apr 2014
12 Creative Commons FMR 45 Disaster Law The impetus for new disaster response laws lies in the gaps that exist in the scope and geographic coverage of existing international law. Stefanie Haumer 07 Apr 2014
13 Creative Commons FMR 45 Environmental stress, displacement and the challenge of rights protection Examination of migration histories and current politics in Kenya, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Ethiopia and Ghana sheds light on how rights are articulated for groups and individuals displaced in a context of environmental stress and climate change. Roger Zetter, James Morrissey 07 Apr 2014
14 Creative Commons FMR 45 Regionalism: a strategy for dealing with crisis migration Regional solutions are becoming a strategic tool in dealing with the lack of globally agreed protection for crisis migrants. Liliana Lyra Jubilut, Erika Pires Ramos 07 Apr 2014
15 Creative Commons FMR 45 Nuclear disasters and displacement The lessons of the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011 seem to be the same as those from Chernobyl 25 years earlier, despite the different political settings. Silva Meybatyan 07 Apr 2014
16 Creative Commons FMR 45 New Orleans: a lesson in post-disaster resilience Factors that foster social cohesion in communities – such as shared long-term networks and community identity, central organisation to which the community adheres, and established trust – have been identified as critical for post-disaster resilience. Paul Kadetz 07 Apr 2014
17 Creative Commons FMR 45 International cooperation on the North Korean refugee crisis The biggest challenge concerning North Korean refugees is that, as yet, there is no international framework for how to respond once these individuals have crossed the border. Markus Bell, Geoffrey Fattig 07 Apr 2014
18 Creative Commons FMR 45 Misconceptions about human trafficking in a time of crisis Both natural and man-made crises are considered by many to be prime environments for trafficking in persons. However, the evidence for this is thin. Elżbieta M Goździak, Alissa Walter 07 Apr 2014
19 Creative Commons FMR 45 The rise of trapped populations As border security increases and borders become less permeable, cross-border migration is becoming increasingly difficult, selective and dangerous. April T Humble 07 Apr 2014
20 Creative Commons FMR 45 Populations ‘trapped’ at times of crisis A focus on those who are trapped challenges both theoretical and practical approaches to mobility and crisis, which prioritise movement. Richard Black, Michael Collyer 07 Apr 2014
21 Creative Commons FMR 45 The challenge of mixed migration by sea While ‘boat people’ are often fleeing a situation of crisis, they share their mode of travel with many types of migrants. Judith Kumin 07 Apr 2014
22 Creative Commons FMR 45 Forcing migration of globalised citizens Today’s constant flows of persons and information across frontiers mean that, when an emergency occurs, the international community feels it has to get involved not only out of solidarity but because its citizens could be in danger. Oscar A Gómez 07 Apr 2014
23 Creative Commons FMR 45 Aspects of crisis migration in Algeria Movements of migrants are only partially covered by international instruments and while the Algerian authorities certainly have opportunities to protect this stream of people, no agreements (bilateral or multilateral) are in force to do so. Mohamed Saïb Musette 07 Apr 2014
24 Creative Commons FMR 45 Humanitarian border management Humanitarian border management is one of the tools that can supplement the humanitarian response for migrants caught in a crisis situation. Maximilian Pottler 07 Apr 2014
25 Creative Commons FMR 45 Non-citizens caught up in situations of conflict, violence and disaster When non-citizens are caught up in humanitarian crises, they can be as vulnerable to displacement, and suffer its consequences as acutely, as citizens. Khalid Koser 07 Apr 2014
26 Creative Commons FMR 45 Questioning ‘drought displacement’: environment, politics and migration in Somalia The role of the recent drought in producing migration cannot be understood in isolation from human practices and past and concurrent political processes. Anna Lindley 07 Apr 2014
27 Creative Commons FMR 45 Health crises and migration Individual and collective responses to health crises contribute to an orderly public health response that most times precludes the need for large-scale displacements. Michael Edelstein, David Heymann, Khalid Koser 07 Apr 2014
28 Creative Commons FMR 45 Rising waters, displaced lives Although Pakistan and Colombia have relatively advanced disaster management frameworks, they were unprepared and ill-equipped to assist and protect people displaced by recent floods. Lindsey Brickle, Alice Thomas 07 Apr 2014
29 Creative Commons FMR 45 Mexico: from the Guiding Principles to national responsibilities on the rights of IDPs The Mexican government needs facts and figures on internal displacement and then to mobilise national institutions to design appropriate responses. Fernando Batista Jiménez 07 Apr 2014
30 Creative Commons FMR 45 Mexicans seeking political asylum Banding together in response to a situation of this seriousness gives people strength and confidence, and provides emotional, social and – above all – legal and political support. Leticia Calderón Chelius 07 Apr 2014
31 Creative Commons FMR 45 Criminal violence and displacement in Mexico Rampant criminal violence, from direct coercion and physical threats to the erosion of the quality of life and livelihood opportunities, pushes people to move in a variety of ways. Sebastián Albuja 07 Apr 2014
32 Creative Commons FMR 45 Adolescence, food crisis and migration Adolescents who migrate because of food crises face distinct risks. Specific strategies are needed to prevent and respond to this phenomenon. Janis Ridsdel 07 Apr 2014
33 Creative Commons FMR 45 Resettlement in the twenty-first century Deficiencies in planning, preparation and implementation of involuntary resettlement and relocation projects have produced far more failures than successes. Anthony Oliver-Smith, Alex de Sherbinin 07 Apr 2014
34 Creative Commons FMR 45 Illegal migration in the Indian Sunderbans It is expected that due to sea-level rises in the future many millions of Bangladeshis will flee to India, exacerbating further the ongoing disputes between India and Bangladesh. Sahana Bose 28 Mar 2014
35 Creative Commons FMR 45 Migrants on offshore islands of Bangladesh Riverbank erosion and the consequent formation of new islands in the Bay of Bengal cause frequent changes in the shape and size of the delta, forcing the inhabitants to migrate frequently. Rezwan Siddiqui 28 Mar 2014
36 Creative Commons FMR 45 Choice and necessity: relocations in the Arctic and South Pacific Relocation – whereby livelihoods, housing and public infrastructure are reconstructed in another location – may be the best adaptation response for communities whose current location becomes uninhabitable or is vulnerable to future climate-induced threats Robin Bronen 28 Mar 2014
37 Creative Commons FMR 45 Flight to the cities The conditions from which most crisis migrants have fled — threats to life, health, physical safety and/or subsistence — are likely to be reproduced in some form in their urban destinations, at least in part due to their presence there. Patricia Weiss Fagen 28 Mar 2014
38 Creative Commons FMR 45 Lessons from the development of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement filled a major gap in the international protection system for uprooted people. Roberta Cohen 28 Mar 2014
39 Creative Commons FMR 45 The concept of crisis migration Crisis migration needs to be understood in terms of 'tipping points', which are triggered not just by events but also by underlying structural processes. Jane McAdam 28 Mar 2014
40 Creative Commons FMR 45 What is crisis migration? Movements precipitated by humanitarian crises have implications that touch upon immigration control and national interests, human rights, humanitarian and development principles, and frameworks for international protection, cooperation and burden sharing. Susan Martin, Sanjula Weerasinghe, Abbie Taylor 28 Mar 2014
41 Creative Commons FMR 45 Foreword on migrants in crisis When it comes to protecting migrants' well-being and rights, smart practices abound. There are many practices that can and should become global standards. Peter D Sutherland 28 Mar 2014
42 Creative Commons FMR 45 From the Editors From the editors. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 28 Mar 2014