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Preventing displacement (Forced Migration Review 41)

Preventing displacement is obviously a worthwhile objective. Being displaced puts people at a higher risk of being both impoverished and unable to enjoy their human rights. Such a situation is worth preventing – but not at any cost. FMR 41 includes a major feature on ‘Preventing displacement’ plus a range of articles on other subjects such as North Koreans in China, East Africans adapting to the UK, the Rohingya, slum evictions in Tanzania, the Nansen Initiative and a new methodology for assessing the costs and impacts of displacement.

See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/preventing#sthash.u8YTcxMu.dpuf

# Episode Title Description People Date
1 Creative Commons FMR 41 Challenging RSD clients' preferences for foreign service providers Organisations that provide legal services to refugees and asylum seekers face the challenge of responding ethically to clients' requests to be assisted by foreigners as opposed to by nationals in country offices. Christian Pangilinan 08 May 2013
2 Creative Commons FMR 41 Overseas cultural orientation programmes and resettled refugees' perceptions Resettled refugees often have misconceptions about their potential for self-sufficiency in the United States, and experience adjustment problems after their arrival. Julie M Kornfeld 08 May 2013
3 Creative Commons FMR 41 Are refugees an economic burden or benefit? Governments emphasise the negative impacts and costs but these, although undeniable and well documented, are only part of the picture. Roger Zetter 08 May 2013
4 Creative Commons FMR 41 From the Nansen Principles to the Nansen Initiative The Nansen Initiative launched in October 2012 aims to build consensus among states about how best to address cross-border displacement in the context of sudden- and slow-onset disasters. Walter Kälin 08 May 2013
5 Creative Commons FMR 41 Lessons from mobilisation around slum evictions in Tanzania A study of forced urban eviction in Tanzania shows that grassroots mobilisation alone may be unable to confront the challenges of displacement and that there are risks when mobilisation around displacement is premised on unrealistic expectations. Michael Hooper 08 May 2013
6 Creative Commons FMR 41 Making work safe for displaced women Understanding risk factors and protection strategies allows practitioners to ensure appropriate programme design and implementation for displaced women. Dale Buscher 08 May 2013
7 Creative Commons FMR 41 From a lab in Luxembourg to satellites in South Sudan A new communications platform for use in humanitarian emergencies made its debut in January 2012 in South Sudan, and is now being deployed elsewhere. Emergency.lu aims to be a global inter-agency tool. Marianne Donven, Mariko Hall 08 May 2013
8 Creative Commons FMR 41 North Koreans in China in need of international protection Ihe international community needs to reconsider how it might better work towards securing protection for North Koreans. Some may be political refugees, others 'refugees sur place'. Roberta Cohen 08 May 2013
9 Creative Commons FMR 41 The conveniently forgotten human rights of the Rohingya As stateless Rohingya in Burma face containment in IDP camps and within their homes and communities in what is effectively segregation, their human rights are on the whole being ignored. Natalie Brinham 08 May 2013
10 Creative Commons FMR 41 East African refugees adapting to life in the UK This article reflects on the first-hand life experiences of refugees of East/Horn of Africa origin on arrival in the UK. The experiences, some of which could be seen as humorous or sad, may be informative and relevant for other practitioners. Samuel Bekalo 08 May 2013
11 Creative Commons FMR 41 Attempts to prevent displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories Prevention has become a strategy increasingly adopted by the humanitarian community in addressing forced displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories and responding to immediate emergency needs for families displaced or at risk. Karim Khalil 08 May 2013
12 Creative Commons FMR 41 Natural disasters and indigenous displacement in Bolivia Those seeking to understand and address the reasons for growing numbers of displaced indigenous people in Bolivia should consider the relationship between traditional knowledge and the impacts of climate change. Ludvik Girard 08 May 2013
13 Creative Commons FMR 41 Property restitution in Colombia The Colombian government has established a legal framework to prevent further displacement. The rebuilding of community relationships and institutional trust are central to the success of this approach. Eduardo Medina 08 May 2013
14 Creative Commons FMR 41 The role of women defenders of human rights in Colombia Women in Colombia are increasingly being attacked because of their efforts to defend human rights and to bring an end to the conflict and displacement in their country. Juanita Candamil, Claudia María Mejía Duque 08 May 2013
15 Creative Commons FMR 41 Education as an essential component of prevention of youth re-displacement If education is seen as a factor that keeps refugees in camps or host communities rather than encouraging them to go back home, it should be systematically included as part of return to prevent re-displacement. Marina L Anselme, Barbara Zeus 08 May 2013
16 Creative Commons FMR 41 Post-conflict land insecurity threatens re-displacement in northern Uganda For many in northern Uganda, access to land and property remains an unresolved issue that threatens peace and sustainable returns. Levis Onegi 08 May 2013
17 Creative Commons FMR 41 Preventing re-displacement through genuine reintegration in Burundi Displacement is often part of a cyclical process of conflict and displacement. Preventing displacement, therefore, is not only about preventing new displacement but about ensuring that people do not get re-displaced. Lucy Hovil 08 May 2013
18 Creative Commons FMR 41 The UN Security Council and prevention of displacement Respecting the prohibitions against forced and arbitrary displacement could significantly reduce the risk of, or prevent, displacement in situations of armed conflict. Sanjula Weerasinghe, Elizabeth Ferris 08 May 2013
19 Creative Commons FMR 41 Undermining development: forced eviction in Bangladesh The case of a proposed coalmine in Bangladesh clearly illustrates the potential for human rights violations in such projects, the need for stronger safeguard policies that uphold people's rights and prevent displacement, and the power of local protest. Kate Hoshour 08 May 2013
20 Creative Commons FMR 41 Businesses' human rights responsibilities Businesses have the responsibility to avoid infringements of human rights that could lead to displacement and also to take actions to remedy their human rights violations that might lead to displacement. Corinne Lewis 08 May 2013
21 Creative Commons FMR 41 The ICRC approach in situations of pre-displacement The ICRC prioritises the need to prevent displacement-triggering events when possible. Their experience highlights the complexity of the challenges and the central role of working in partnership to serve communities at risk. Veronika Talviste, Jamie A Williamson, Anne Zeidan 08 May 2013
22 Creative Commons FMR 41 Voluntariness to remaın The 'choice' to remain rather than flee is often in effect not really voluntary. Arzu Guler 08 May 2013
23 Creative Commons FMR 41 Shelter interventions prevent and mitigate displacement In hazard-prone developing countries, shelter interventions are an important way to prevent or mitigate natural disaster-induced displacement. To be effective, they need to be multi-faceted and carried out with the involvement of the communities affected. Davina Wadley 08 May 2013
24 Creative Commons FMR 41 Recognising the land rights of indigenous peoples and rural communities Current global trends are putting increasing economic pressure on land and natural resources, raising the risk that new waves of internal displacement may be caused by the combined forces of climate change and large-scale investment in agriculture. Rhodri C Williams 08 May 2013
25 Creative Commons FMR 41 The management of climate displacement Knowing that displacements will occur as a result of climate change, the humanitarian community will need to work pre-emptively with communities identified as likely to be threatened on the land-based solutions that may be available to them. Scott Leckie 08 May 2013
26 Creative Commons FMR 41 Flooding in Thailand: flee, fight or float The severity of recent flooding in Thailand and the probability of future flooding have triggered a re-assessment of coping mechanisms employed by both the Thai population and the government. Wan S Sophonpanich 08 May 2013
27 Creative Commons FMR 41 Towards a uniform legal system of protection There exists a set of inter-related normative texts for the protection of the environment and for the prevention and reduction of disasters, as well as for ensuring respect for human rights in all circumstances. Dimitrios Chotouras 08 May 2013
28 Creative Commons FMR 41 Predicting disasters and protecting rights In order to prevent or reduce disaster-related displacement, we need to address some clear gaps in both knowledge and capacity by improving research on and awareness of disaster risks and associated human rights, and the capacity to address them. Justin Ginnetti, Nina Schrepfer 08 May 2013
29 Creative Commons FMR 41 Driving displacement: explosive weapons in populated areas The issue of the role of explosive weapons in generating displacement in urban areas has recently risen up the international agenda. Simon Bagshaw 08 May 2013
30 Creative Commons FMR 41 The tool box at states' disposal to prevent displacement: a Swiss perspective A harmful action that is looming and has not yet taken place is difficult for third-party states to denounce or counter. A whole range of measures and methodologies is at their disposal enabling them to contribute to the prevention of forced displacement. Isabelle Gómez Truedsson 08 May 2013
31 Creative Commons FMR 41 To prevent or pursue displacement? The repertoire of survival actions of at-risk civilians includes both avoiding and attempting displacement. But there are also overlaps, combinations and tacking back and forth between the two, while trying to mitigate the risks that any choice entails. Casey Barrs 08 May 2013
32 Creative Commons FMR 41 International Humanitarian Law: a short summary of relevant provisions International Humanitarian Law: a short summary of relevant provisions in relation to the right not to be displaced. Editors 08 May 2013
33 Creative Commons FMR 41 The history and status of the right not to be displaced The many existing fragments of law relating to arbitrary displacement have a common thread running through them, revealing a human right not to be displaced. The existence of such a right has not yet been recognised in any international legal instrument. Michèle Morel, Maria Stavropoulou, Jean-François Durieux 08 May 2013
34 Creative Commons FMR 41 Preventing displacement Displacement can be a means of escaping violence but it can also bring great suffering. Displacement is not inevitable, so what can we do to prevent it? Valerie Amos 08 May 2013
35 Creative Commons FMR 41 From the editors From the editors. Editors 08 May 2013